|Education system||Physics coverage index1||Males' average score||s.e.||Females' average score||s.e.||Male-female difference in average scores2||s.e.|
Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance.
Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance.
*p < .05. Difference in average scores is significant at the .05 level of statistical significance.
1 The physics coverage index is the percentage of the corresponding age cohort covered by students in their final year of secondary school who have taken or are taking physics courses. The corresponding age cohort is determined for education systems individually. In the United States, the corresponding age cohort is considered 18-year-olds. For additional details, see the Technical Notes available at http://nces.ed.gov/timss/timss15technotes.asp.
2 The difference in average score is calculated by subtracting the females' estimate from the males' estimate using unrounded numbers.
3 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by the male-female difference in average score. Standard error is abbreviated as s.e.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Advanced, 2015.