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Table 35.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting the absence of security staff at school at least once a week, by type of security staff and selected school characteristics: School year 2015–16

        No security guards or security personnel1   No school resource officers1   No sworn law enforcement officers1   School does not have any security staff present at least once a week2, 3  
School characteristic   Total Number of schools   Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of
schools
  Percent of
schools
 
All public schools   83,600   67,000   80.2   48,500   58.0   74,500   89.1   36,300   43.5  
                                       
Level4                                      
Primary   49,100   42,200   86.0   34,100   69.6   44,600   91.0   26,800   54.6  
Middle   15,600   12,200   77.9   6,500   41.4   13,300   85.3   4,100   26.6  
High school   12,800   7,500   58.4   4,100   31.7   10,800   84.6   2,400   19.0  
Combined   6,200   5,200   85.0   3,800   62.4   5,700   92.6   3,000   48.8  
                                       
Enrollment size                                      
Less than 300   18,200   16,400   90.3   13,900   76.4   16,600   91.7   11,800   65.2  
300–499   25,000   21,700   86.8   16,000   63.8   22,400   89.6   12,500   50.1  
500–999   31,700   24,900   78.5   16,700   52.6   28,100   88.5   11,200   35.4  
1,000 or more   8,700   4,000   46.0   2,000   22.9   7,300   84.1   700   8.6  
                                       
Urbancity                                      
City   22,800   14,800   65.1   13,900   61.0   20,300   89.3   8,700   38.1  
Suburb   27,400   21,500   78.6   15,400   56.4   24,000   87.6   11,500   42.1  
Town   11,000   9,800   89.4   5,600   51.0   9,300   84.3   4,200   38.0  
Rural   22,500   20,900   92.9   13,600   60.3   20,900   92.9   12,000   53.3  
1Estimates presented here include both schools that responded "zero" to the number of specified security staff present at their school at least once a week and schools that were not offered the questionnaire item because they reported that their school did not have any security staff present at school at least once a week. Respondents were asked to record both the number of full-time and part-time security staff.
2Estimates presented here include only schools that were not offered the questionnaire items because they reported that their school did not have any security staff present at school at least once a week.
3Security staff includes security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers.
4Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015–16 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2016.