Skip Navigation

Table 32.  Number of public high schools with security staff present at least once a week and number of full-time and part-time security staff present at least once a week, by type of security staff and selected school characteristics: School year 2015–16
 
  Total number of
schools with security
staff present at least
once a week
  Security guards or security personnel1   School resource officers2   Sworn law enforcement officers3  
School characteristic   Full time   Part time   Full time   Part time   Full time   Part time  
All public high schools 10,300   17,400   4,800   13,300   5,700   3,000 ! 2,100 !
                             
Enrollment size                            
Less than 300 1,100   500 !   1,200 ! 1,200 !    
300–499 1,400   1,800   300 !   900      
500–999 2,500   2,900 ! 800   3,000 ! 2,100 ! 900 ! 400 !
1,000 or more 5,300   12,200   3,500   7,400   1,400   1,200   700  
                             
Locale                            
City 3,000   6,600   1,200   4,300   1,500     700 !
Suburb 3,600   8,100   2,800   3,200   1,600 ! 600    
Town 1,600     400 ! 2,800 ! 1,900 ! 400 !  
Rural 2,100   1,300   400 ! 3,000   700   400   200 !
                             
Crime level where students live4                            
High 1,200   2,800   400 ! 1,400   600 !    
Moderate 2,500   5,100   1,900   3,600   1,900 ! 600 !  
Low 5,300   6,900   1,900   6,800   2,300   800   700  
Mixed 1,300   2,700   600   1,500 ! 900 ! 300 ! 200 !
                             
Percent combined enrollment of
Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific
Islander, and American Indian/
Alaska Native students, and
students of Two or more races
                           
Less than 5 percent 600     100 !   200 ! 100 ! 100 !
5 to less than 20 percent 2,600   2,500 ! 500 ! 4,100   2,100 ! 400 !  
20 to less than 50 percent 2,700   3,200   1,700   2,500   1,600   400 ! 500 !
50 percent or more 4,500   11,400   2,600   5,600   1,800   2,100 ! 700 !
                             
Percent of students eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch
                           
0–25 percent 2,100   3,100   1,400   2,600   1,000   300 ! 400 !
26–50 percent 3,100   3,900   1,100   4,100   1,400   700   400  
51–75 percent 2,700   4,500   700   3,200 ! 1,500 !   100 !
More than 75 percent 2,500   5,900   1,700   3,300   1,800 ! 1,000 !  
                             
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests
                           
0–5 percent 2,900   5,500   1,300   4,000   1,400   500   300  
6–15 percent 3,900   5,700   1,600   4,600   2,300   900   700 !
More than 15 percent 3,600   6,200   1,900   4,700   2,000 !   1,200 !
                             
Percent of students likely
to attend college
                           
0–35 percent 1,700   2,100   800   1,500        
36–60 percent 2,600   3,800   900   3,800   1,200   800 ! 500 !
More than 60 percent 6,000   11,600   3,100   8,000   3,300   1,000   800  
                             
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement very important
                           
0–25 percent 400     #   200 !      
26–50 percent 1,600   2,500   600 ! 1,700   1,000 ! 500 ! 400 !
51–75 percent 2,900   3,700   1,500   3,500   1,600   400 ! 400 !
More than 75 percent 5,400   10,800   2,700   7,800   2,400   1,000   700  
                             
Percent male enrollment                            
0–44 percent 800   900   #   500 ! 300 !    
45–55 percent 8,700   14,600   4,300   11,900   4,100   2,700 ! 1,700 !
More than 55 percent 900   1,900     800 ! 1,300 !    
                             
Student-to-FTE ratio5                            
Less than 12 students 900   1,200   500 ! 600   900 !   #  
12–16 students 3,000   4,000   1,400   4,300 ! 1,500 ! 500 ! 600 !
More than 16 students 6,400   12,200   2,900   8,400   3,300   2,400 ! 1,500 !
                             
Number of classroom changes6                            
0–3 changes 400   800 ! 400 ! 400 !   #    
4–6 changes 5,000   8,200   2,300   6,100   3,200 ! 900   1,400 !
More than 6 changes 5,000   8,400   2,100   6,800   2,100   2,100 ! 500  
                             
Number of serious discipline problems7                            
No problems 7,600   13,000   3,400   9,800   3,900   1,700   1,200  
1 problem 1,500   2,300   800   1,300     400 !  
2 problems 600   900 !     100 !   #  
3 or more problems 700   1,300   300 ! 700   400 !    
                             
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment8                            
Less than 6 percent 3,200   5,200   1,800   3,700   1,400   1,100 ! 500  
6 to less than 11 percent 2,000   4,200   1,000   3,400 ! 900   400 ! 400 !
11 to less than 21 percent 2,900   4,200   1,200   3,400   2,200 ! 500    
21 percent or more 2,300   3,700   800 ! 2,700   1,200 !    
                             
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions9
                           
No disruptions 8,700   14,600   4,300   11,800   5,000   2,000   2,000 !
Any disruptions 1,600   2,800   500   1,500       100 !
                             
Percent of students absent
on a daily basis
                           
0–2 percent 400   400 ! 200 ! 200 ! 200 ! #   #  
3–5 percent 4,200   7,300   2,400   6,400   2,100   700   800  
6–10 percent 4,200   6,800   1,800   4,400   2,600 ! 700    
More than 10 percent 1,600   2,900   400 ! 2,200   800      
                             
Prevalence of violent incidents10                            
No violent incidents 700   1,200 !     300 ! #    
Any violent incidents 9,700   16,200   4,500   12,800   5,400   3,000 ! 2,000 !
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Security guards or security personnel does not include sworn law enforcement.
2School resource officers include all career law enforcement officers with arrest authority, who have specialized training and are assigned to work in collaboration with school organizations.
3Sworn law enforcement includes sworn law enforcement officers who are not school resource officers.
4Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms
10Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual assault other than rape (including threatened rape), physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery (taking things with force) with or without a weapon.
NOTE: High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015–16 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2016.