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Table 26.2  Percentage of public middle schools that monitored campus in specified ways, by selected school characteristics: School year 2015–16

School characteristic Have “panic button(s)” or silent alarm(s) that directly connect to law enforcement in the event of an incident1   Provide an electronic notification system that automatically notifies parents in case of a school-wide emergency   Require faculty and staff to wear badges or picture IDs   Use one or more security cameras to monitor the school   Provide telephones in most classrooms   Provide two-way radios to any staff  
All public middle schools 32.3   77.7   68.4   88.6   79.2   75.3  
                         
Enrollment size                        
Less than 300 22.6   77.2   43.8   87.2   75.9   62.7  
300–499 26.8   81.8   63.3   88.5   69.4   78.2  
500–999 40.2   76.2   76.7   89.8   82.5   76.7  
1,000 or more 25.3   77.2   82.3   86.3   89.4   83.3  
                         
Locale                        
City 30.8   72.1   67.0   86.5   86.3   81.6  
Suburb 36.3   80.1   73.7   90.0   85.5   79.2  
Town 30.7   70.6   69.6   88.0   68.5   66.1  
Rural 28.6   85.5   60.7   89.1   69.4   69.2  
                         
Crime level where students live2                        
High 29.6   74.9   50.2   90.7   87.1   88.8  
Moderate 26.7   78.7   62.1   83.7   74.3   79.6  
Low 35.1   79.5   71.2   90.0   80.5   72.3  
Mixed 29.8   69.6   74.5   89.3   77.2   75.3  
                         
Percent combined enrollment of
Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific
Islander, and American Indian/
Alaska Native students, and
students of Two or more races
                       
Less than 5 percent 28.4   67.0   62.9   90.3   81.6   71.9  
5 to less than 20 percent 36.4   78.1   74.4   90.3   84.4   72.3  
20 to less than 50 percent 33.9   79.7   72.0   92.5   76.1   74.3  
50 percent or more 28.8   77.4   62.6   84.4   77.7   78.4  
                         
Percent of students eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch
                       
0–25 percent 41.5   83.0   84.4   87.4   91.0   84.2  
26–50 percent 34.3   74.9   71.4   87.7   84.2   74.0  
51–75 percent 30.6   79.6   67.8   91.8   73.5   67.7  
More than 75 percent 25.3   75.0   54.3   86.4   72.1   80.2  
                         
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests
                       
0–5 percent 35.5   80.9   68.9   91.1   75.9   70.9  
6–15 percent 32.5   75.3   70.0   85.0   82.7   75.6  
More than 15 percent 29.6   77.9   66.5   90.5   77.9   78.1  
                         
Percent of students likely
to attend college
                       
0–35 percent 22.6   75.4   62.6   87.5   70.9   75.0  
36–60 percent 33.3   79.0   66.1   89.2   80.8   72.6  
More than 60 percent 36.1   78.1   72.4   88.8   81.9   76.9  
                         
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement very important
                       
0–25 percent 25.5   72.4   46.6   90.8   65.3   73.6  
26–50 percent 29.9   79.3   72.3   88.7   79.8   73.6  
51–75 percent 27.9   74.5   67.5   87.1   80.4   76.3  
More than 75 percent 37.5   80.0   70.7   89.2   80.2   75.7  
                         
Percent male enrollment                        
0–44 percent 32.1   83.7   59.9   84.6   70.6   68.1  
45–55 percent 32.6   77.3   69.3   89.3   79.6   76.1  
More than 55 percent 27.2   78.0   62.5   82.4   81.6   69.7  
                         
Student-to-FTE ratio3                        
Less than 12 students 26.8   80.9   58.5   87.5   78.9   70.4  
12–16 students 39.3   80.0   71.1   91.2   74.5   73.8  
More than 16 students 27.6   74.9   68.7   86.7   83.2   77.9  
                         
Number of classroom changes4                        
0–3 changes 25.6 ! 74.9   55.0   86.3   74.2   85.3  
4–6 changes 28.2   77.1   68.6   85.2   82.2   77.8  
More than 6 changes 35.3   78.3   69.3   91.0   77.6   72.9  
                         
Regular use of security staff5                        
Regular use 34.7   79.2   71.3   90.3   79.5   77.0  
No regular use 25.4   73.8   60.3   84.0   78.3   70.6  
                         
Number of serious discipline problems6                        
No problems 33.7   79.5   68.3   88.2   77.9   74.2  
1 problem 30.1   73.6   70.4   90.7   79.9   74.1  
2 problems 28.6   76.6   65.5   91.0   77.2   76.2  
3 or more problems 27.3   71.8   67.4   85.3   91.3   87.2  
                         
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment7                        
Less than 6 percent 32.4   77.4   71.8   86.9   81.1   78.1  
6 to less than 11 percent 32.8   79.6   67.7   85.9   78.8   73.0  
11 to less than 21 percent 34.6   78.2   67.9   89.1   77.6   74.8  
21 percent or more 26.8   74.6   64.0   95.1   79.3   74.4  
                         
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions8
                       
No disruptions 32.4   77.9   68.4   89.1   79.3   74.4  
Any disruptions 30.5   76.4   68.1   83.6   78.3   83.7  
                         
Percent of students absent
on a daily basis
                       
0–2 percent 35.7   83.7   64.4   82.0   75.4   79.2  
3–5 percent 31.6   78.2   70.3   88.4   77.5   72.4  
6–10 percent 32.9   74.2   66.5   92.6   86.2   81.8  
More than 10 percent 29.0   77.3   62.0   83.1   69.8   69.5  
                         
Prevalence of violent incidents 9                        
No violent incidents 30.1   71.8   65.4   82.9   78.2   66.8  
Any violent incidents 32.6   78.5   68.8   89.4   79.3   76.4  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
1This item is new to the 2015–16 School Survey on Crime and Safety.
2Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5Regular use of security staff includes full- or part-time school resource officers, sworn law enforcement officers, or security guards or security personnel present at school at least once a week.
6Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student harassment of other students based on sexual orientation, student harassment of other students based on gender identity, widespread disorder in classrooms, student verbal abuse of teachers, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, and gang activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual assault other than rape (including threatened rape), physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery (taking things with force) with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Detail may not sum to totals because schools may have reported using more than one of these practices. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2015–16 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2016.