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Table 18.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public high schools involved in physical attacks or fights at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in physical attacks or fights1 at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year     Transfers to specialized schools2     Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year     Other disciplinary actions3
School characteristic Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students
All public high schools4,100 2.2 17,300 9.5 93,300 50.8 85,100 46.4
 
Enrollment size
Less than 300 700 ! 12.5 ! 100 !
300–499 3,600 ! 33.0 6,900 ! 64.0
500–999 1,200 ! 3.1 ! 3,400 ! 9.1 17,400 46.3 16,700 44.4
1,000 or more 1,900 1.5 13,500 10.5 70,900 54.9 57,700 44.7
 
Urbanicity
City 1,200 2.0 7,000 11.6 35,600 58.8 24,700 40.8
Suburb 600 1.0 4,300 6.8 33,000 52.6 30,300 48.3
Town 500 ! 2.2 ! 2,000 ! 8.3 ! 8,900 ! 37.2 13,300 ! 55.1
Rural 1,700 4.6 4,100 11.3 15,700 43.5 16,800 46.6
                                     
Crime level where students live4                                    
High 600 ! 2.3 ! 2,700 ! 9.5 ! 23,500 ! 83.4 ! 13,000 ! 46.3
Moderate 1,100 2.1 5,900 11.6 25,100 49.3 20,500 40.3
Low 1,500 2.1 5,500 7.6 30,100 41.8 36,600 50.9
Mixed 800 2.5 3,300 10.1 14,600 45.0 14,900 45.8
                                     
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/ Alaska Native students                                    
Less than 5 percent 6,200 38.1 9,300 57.6
5 to less than 20 percent 400 ! 1.5 ! 1,300 ! 4.4 13,200 44.3 15,100 50.5
20 to less than 50 percent 1,000 2.0 4,200 8.2 22,700 44.6 24,200 47.7
50 percent or more 2,200 2.5 11,000 12.8 51,200 59.2 36,400 42.1
                                     
Percent of students eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch
                                   
0–20 percent 400 ! 1.6 ! 2,100 ! 8.1 11,600 ! 45.3 12,800 49.9
21–50 percent 1,600 2.2 5,200 7.2 34,600 48.1 32,400 45.1
More than 50 percent 2,100 2.4 10,100 11.7 47,100 54.8 39,800 46.4
                                     
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests
                                   
0–5 percent 900 ! 1.9 ! 4,900 ! 10.4 19,700 41.9 23,800 50.8
6–15 percent 1,200 1.8 5,900 9.2 29,300 45.4 29,000 45.0
More than 15 percent 2,000   2.8     6,500   9.1     44,300   61.5     32,200   44.7
                                     
Percent of students likely
to attend college
                                   
0–35 percent 1,700 4.7 ! 3,200 8.9 17,800 49.5 14,700 40.9
36–60 percent 1,200 2.0 ! 5,900 10.3 28,200 49.2 26,200 45.7
More than 60 percent 1,200 1.3 8,200 9.1 47,300 52.4 44,200 49.0
                                     
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important
                                   
0–25 percent 700 ! 7.4 ! 1,500 ! 16.2 ! 3,400 ! 36.5 5,100 ! 54.9
26–50 percent 1,300 2.9 3,600 8.1 25,300 56.5 19,100 42.6
51–75 percent 1,200 2.3 4,800 9.2 23,500 45.4 23,300 45.0
More than 75 percent 900 1.2 7,400 9.6 41,100 52.9 37,600 48.4
                                     
Percent male enrollment                                    
0–44 percent 700 ! 9,700 ! 51.6 7,200 ! 38.5
45–55 percent 2,800 1.8 14,600 9.5 79,400 51.6 72,300 46.9
More than 55 percent 4,200 ! 38.9 5,600 ! 52.0
                                     
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                    
Less than 12 students 4,400 ! 38.4 5,500 48.2
12–16 students 1,200 1.9 ! 6,800 11.0 37,100 60.0 29,000 46.9
More than 16 students 2,500 2.3 8,300 7.6 51,800 47.0 50,600 45.9
                                     
Number of classroom changes 6                                    
0–3 changes 1,100 ! 13.2 ! 3,200 ! 38.3 ! 3,300 ! 39.8
4–6 changes 1,900 2.2 9,500 11.0 41,900 48.8 40,200 46.7
More than 6 changes 2,000 2.2 6,800 7.6 48,200 54.0 41,600 46.6
                                     
Regular use of law enforcement 7                                    
Regular use 3,800 2.3 16,400 9.8 88,400 52.8 75,700 45.2
No regular use 4,900 ! 30.6 9,300 ! 58.1
                                     
Number of serious discipline problems8                                    
No problems 2,600 2.7 8,000 8.5 42,700 45.5 43,800 46.6
1 problem 1,000 ! 2.5 ! 3,600 ! 9.0 18,100 45.9 17,600 44.7
2 problems 100 ! 0.6 ! 2,700 ! 10.8 ! 12,100 ! 48.2 ! 14,200 ! 56.6
3 or more problems 400 ! 1.6 ! 3,000 ! 12.2 ! 20,300 ! 81.6 ! 9,500 38.0
                                     
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                                    
Less than 6 percent 700 ! 3.3 ! 1,400 ! 6.7 8,400 41.0 10,800 52.2
6 to less than 11 percent 1,000 ! 2.8 ! 3,600 10.1 ! 23,900 ! 66.4 ! 15,500 43.2
11 to less than 21 percent 1,200 1.8 6,300 9.3 34,900 52.0 30,600 45.5
21 percent or more 1,200   1.9 !   6,100 ! 10.2     26,000   43.6     28,200   47.3
                                     
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10
                                   
No disruptions 3,800 2.3 15,400 9.2 83,300 49.8 80,000 47.9
Any disruptions 10,000 ! 61.3 5,100 ! 31.1
                                     
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                   
0–2 percent
3–5 percent 1,500 2.8 5,500 10.7 22,800 43.9 23,100 44.4
6–10 percent 1,800 1.8 9,700 9.7 56,300 56.7 45,400 45.7
More than 10 percent 700 ! 2.5 ! 1,700 ! 6.0 12,000 42.7 14,500 51.8
                                     
Prevalence of violent incidents 11                                    
No violent incidents # # # # # # # #
Any violent incidents 4,100   2.2     17,300   9.5     93,300   50.8     85,100   46.4
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as "an actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
2Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
4Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
8Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple students or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).