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Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public high schools involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year     Transfers to specialized schools1     Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year     Other disciplinary actions2  
School characteristic Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students  
All public high schools6,800 5.9 27,700 23.9 59,300 51.2 33,500 28.9  
   
Enrollment size  
Less than 300  
300–499 600 ! 9.0 ! 1,500 ! 23.7 3,300 ! 52.1 1,700 26.0  
500–999 1,200 6.4 3,600 19.4 11,300 61.7 4,200 23.1  
1,000 or more 4,800 5.5 22,500 25.6 43,000 48.9 26,500 30.2  
   
Urbanicity  
City 1,900 4.8 10,100 25.1 18,200 45.3 15,500 38.6  
Suburb 2,300 5.9 8,000 20.7 20,600 53.5 8,900 23.2  
Town 1,400 8.5 4,000 24.6 8,100 50.3 ! 5,000 ! 31.0  
Rural 1,200 5.9 5,600 26.7 12,400 59.2 4,000 19.2  
                                       
Crime level where students live3                                      
High 700 ! 4.8 ! 2,800 ! 20.7 ! 6,400 ! 46.9 5,000 ! 36.5  
Moderate 1,800 5.8 7,500 24.6 16,300 53.4 5,500 18.1  
Low 3,600 6.6 12,200 22.6 28,900 53.7 14,800 27.5  
Mixed 800 ! 4.6 5,200 28.8 7,900 43.5 8,200 45.4  
                                       
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/ Alaska Native students                                      
Less than 5 percent 800 ! 9.4 ! 1,400 ! 16.2 5,400 62.4 ! 1,500 ! 17.7  
5 to less than 20 percent 1,900 7.3 4,800 18.8 13,800 54.2 6,200 24.5  
20 to less than 50 percent 1,800 5.4 8,900 27.1 17,200 52.0 8,200 24.8  
50 percent or more 2,300 4.8 12,500 25.7 23,000 47.2 17,500 35.9  
                                       
Percent of students eligible for
free or reduced-price lunch
                                     
0–20 percent 1,500 5.8 3,900 15.0 16,000 61.2 6,400 24.5  
21–50 percent 3,200 6.7 11,300 24.0 23,700 50.4 12,700 27.1  
More than 50 percent 2,100 5.0 12,400 29.1 19,600 46.0 14,300 33.6  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests
                                     
0–5 percent 2,300 6.6 7,700 22.0 19,300 54.9 11,300 32.0  
6–15 percent 3,100 7.2 11,400 26.3 22,200 51.3 11,800 27.3  
More than 15 percent 1,400   3.7     8,500   22.8     17,800   47.7     10,400   27.8  
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college
                                     
0–35 percent 1,500 6.1 6,000 25.0 12,000 50.2 8,300 34.5  
36–60 percent 2,600 9.6 9,600 34.8 12,500 45.5 5,600 20.5  
More than 60 percent 2,700 4.2 12,100 18.7 34,800 54.0 19,600 30.4  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important
                                     
0–25 percent 4,800 ! 59.5 2,000 ! 25.2 !
26–50 percent 1,100 5.4 7,000 33.2 10,600 50.4 5,400 25.7
51–75 percent 2,300 7.1 7,900 24.0 16,500 50.2 9,500 28.7
More than 75 percent 2,900 5.4 11,000 20.3 27,500 51.0 16,600 30.8
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                      
0–44 percent 400 ! 5.5 ! 1,000 ! 14.4 ! 3,200 44.8 ! 2,900 ! 40.3
45–55 percent 5,900 5.7 25,600 24.8 54,000 52.2 28,500 27.5
More than 55 percent 2,100 40.4 ! 2,100 ! 40.2 !
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio4                                      
Less than 12 students 3,000 49.4 ! 1,400 ! 22.5 !
12–16 students 1,300 4.0 11,000 33.4 16,800 51.0 7,600 23.1
More than 16 students 5,300 6.9 14,400 18.7 39,600 51.5 24,500 31.9
                                       
Number of classroom changes5                                      
0–3 changes 400 ! 6.4 ! 900 ! 13.8 ! 2,000 ! 32.9 ! 2,900 ! 47.5
4–6 changes 3,900 6.3 13,700 22.3 32,700 53.1 15,200 24.7
More than 6 changes 2,500 5.2 13,100 27.2 24,600 51.2 15,300 31.9
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement6                                      
Regular use 6,200 5.8 26,700 24.8 55,600 51.6 30,900 28.7
No regular use 600 ! 6.9 ! 900 ! 11.3 3,800 ! 45.8 ! 2,600 ! 31.5
                                       
Number of serious discipline problems7                                      
No problems 3,400 5.3 16,200 24.8 32,900 50.4 20,100 30.8
1 problem 2,000 9.1 3,700 17.1 11,700 53.7 5,400 24.6
2 problems 400 ! 3.6 ! 2,200 ! 18.6 5,600 47.5 4,300 36.1
3 or more problems 1,000 ! 5.6 ! 5,500 ! 32.6 9,100 53.8 3,700 21.9
                                       
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment8                                      
Less than 6 percent 1,200 8.0 1,800 11.7 8,600 56.9 4,700 31.3
6 to less than 11 percent 1,500 5.7 6,200 23.2 14,300 53.4 7,000 26.1
11 to less than 21 percent 1,900 5.1 9,300 25.0 20,300 54.6 8,800 23.7
21 percent or more 2,200   6.0     10,400   28.2     16,100   43.9     12,900   35.2  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions9
                                     
No disruptions 5,700 5.7 25,100 25.1 50,200 50.3 28,600 28.7
Any disruptions 1,100 ! 6.7 ! 2,600 ! 16.1 9,100 56.8 4,900 30.4
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                         
0–2 percent 1,800 ! 48.4 ! 1,600 ! 43.3  
3–5 percent 2,500 6.4 8,700 22.6 19,200 50.1 10,100 26.3  
6–10 percent 3,100 5.1 15,500 25.6 32,000 53.0 17,700 29.3  
More than 10 percent 1,000 ! 7.2 ! 2,800 ! 21.1 ! 6,300 ! 47.2 4,100 ! 30.4  
                     
Prevalence of violent incidents10                    
No violent incidents  
Any violent incidents 6,700   5.9     27,500   24.1     58,900   51.7     32,200   28.3  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
7Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple students or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).