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Table 1.  Number and percentage of public high schools reporting incidents of crime that occurred at school, the number of incidents, and the rate of incidents per 1,000 students, by incident type and selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Violent Incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
School characteristic  Total number of schools       Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students  
All public high schools 12,200       11,100   90.9   264,400   21.4    3,400   27.7   13,500   1.1    10,100   82.6   125,000   10.1    11,300   92.2   200,100   16.2  
                                                                        
Enrollment size                                                                        
Less than 300 2,200    1,500 66.5 9,400 17.8     200 ! 10.2 ! 900 ! 1,300 59.4 5,600 ! 10.6 ! 1,700 75.0 7,500 14.3   
300–499 1,800     1,700 92.4 21,600 27.3 300 15.9 1,500 81.1 9,900 12.5 1,700 91.5 12,400 15.7   
500–999 2,900     2,800 95.0 53,300 25.7 800 27.0 2,100 1.0 2,500 86.8 20,100 9.7 2,700 94.2 30,300 14.6   
1,000 or more 5,300     5,200 98.2 180,200 20.1 2,100 39.3 9000 1 4,800 90.5 89,500 10.0 5,200 98.4 149,800 16.7   
                                                                         
Urbanicity                                                                        
City 3,000     2,600 88.1 82,700 22.1 1,200 40.4 6,200 1.7 2,500 82.3 41,700 11.1 2,700 91.3 74,600 20.0   
Suburb 3,200     3,000 95.7 90,800 19.8 900 29.8 3,900 0.8 2,900 91.1 45,200 9.8 3,000 96.1 65,000 14.2   
Town 2,100     2,000 94.6 34,000 21.4 500 22.3 1,700 1.1 1,800 83.8 15,000 9.4 2,000 95.9 26,800 16.9   
Rural 4,000     3,500 87.2 57,000 23.4 800 19.2 1,800 0.7 3,000 75.5 23,200 9.5 3,500 87.8 33,600 13.8   
                                                                         
Crime level where students live5                                                                        
High 1,100     1,000 90.3 43,900 40.4 400 36.9 2,900 ! 2.7 ! 900 79.7 10,200 9.4 1,000 94.9 29,200 26.9   
Moderate 2,300     2,200 95.5 72,100 28.0 1,000 42.2 4,300 1.7 2,000 89.2 30,900 12.0 2,200 97.5 49,500 19.2   
Low 6,900     6,300 90.6 107,700 16.7 1,500 21.4 4,700 0.7 5,600 81.2 61,000 9.4 6,300 91.4 91,100 14.1   
Mixed 2,000     1,700 86.9 40,700 18.3 500 27.8 1,700 0.7 1,600 81.6 22,900 10.3 1,700 87.3 30,300 13.6   
                                                                         
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/ Alaska Native students                                                                       
Less than 5 percent 2,000     1,800 88.9 23,400 19.6 400 20.7 1,000 ! 0.8 ! 1,500 72.8 10,500 8.8 1,800 88.2 16,200 13.6   
5 to less than 20 percent 3,100     2,800 92.4 51,900 17.5 700 21.8 2,000 0.7 2,800 89.6 29,800 10.1 2,900 95.1 43,000 14.5   
20 to less than 50 percent 3,000     2,700 91.4 66,900 19.1 800 26.7 3,300 1.0 2,600 86.3 39,100 11.1 2,800 94.1 52,300 14.9   
50 percent or more 4,200     3,800 90.3 122,200 26.1 1,500 36.1 7,200 1.5 3,300 79.5 45,600 9.7 3,800 90.6 88,400 18.9   
                                                                       
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                                                                      
0–20 percent 2,400     2,200 91.4 38,800 11.8 700 27.9 2,500 0.8 2,100 87.3 28,400 8.7 2,100 88.6 39,000 11.9   
21–50 percent 5,200     4,600 90.1 100,000 20.2 1,300 26.2 4,500 0.9 4,500 88.2 55,800 11.3 4,800 92.9 78,800 15.9   
More than 50 percent 4,700     4,300 91.4 125,700 30.4 1,400 29.2 6,500 1.6 3,500 74.0 40,800 9.9 4,400 93.3 82,200 19.9   
                                                                       
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                                                      
0–5 percent 4,300     3,700 87.8 65,700 15.4 1,000 23.4 3,100 0.7 3,500 81.8 38,400 9.0 3,900 90.8 57,200 13.4   
6–15 percent 4,800     4,400 92.8 99,700 20.1 1,300 26.9 4,700 0.9 4,000 84.2 53,000 10.7 4,500 93.8 76,600 15.4   
More than 15 percent 3,200     2,900   92.0   99,100   31.6     1,100   34.5   5,700   1.8     2,600   81.4   33,600   10.7     2,900   91.6   66,300   21.2   
                                                                         
Percent of students likely to attend college                                                                        
0–35 percent 2,200     2,000 88.5 51,300 28.3 600 29.2 2,600 1.4 1,700 78.3 15,500 8.6 2,000 91.2 42,600 23.4   
36–60 percent 3,100     2,900 92.3 85,100 29.9 900 27.6 3,800 1.3 2,500 79.8 34,300 12.0 3,000 96.7 53,300 18.7   
More than 60 percent 6,900     6,300 91.0 128,100 16.7 1,900 27.2 7,100 0.9 5,900 85.2 75,200 9.8 6,300 90.5 104,200 13.5   
                                                                         
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                                                        
0–25 percent 900     800 88.9 16,100 27.4 200 20.3 400 ! 0.7 700 80.9 7,100 ! 12.1 800 89.0 15,400 ! 26.2 !  
26–50 percent 2,300     2,100 87.8 64,100 34.4 700 30.0 3,000 1.6 1,800 75.9 19,500 10.4 2,200 92.1 39,300 21.0  
51–75 percent 3,400     3,300 94.7 76,800 21.9 900 27.2 5,000 1.4 2,900 85.6 35,600 10.2 3,200 93.7 57,900 16.5  
More than 75 percent 5,600     5,000 90.1 107,400 16.8 1,600 28.1 5,200 0.8 4,700 83.9 62,900 9.8 5,100 91.8 87,500 13.7  
                                                                         
Percent male enrollment                                                                        
0–44 percent 1,400     1,100 78.6 27,400 25.5 300 20.7 2,700 ! 2.5 ! 900 64.2 9,000 8.3 1,300 88.0 14,000 13.0   
45–55 percent 9,800     9,100 93.7 223,800 21.0 2,900 29.5 10,200 1.0 8,400 86.5 110,600 10.4 9,100 93.4 176,600 16.6   
More than 55 percent 1,100     900 81.4 13,300 21.3 200 ! 20.2 ! 700 ! 1.1 ! 800 71.7 5,400 8.7 900 86.9 9,500 15.2   
            
Student-to-FTE ratio6           
Less than 12 students 1,700     1,300 78.9 18,800 24.9 400 21.4 1,400 ! 1.8 1,300 73.9 8,100 10.7 1,500 87.6 12,800 17.0   
12–16 students 4,400     4,000 92.3 94,200 23.8 1,200 27.9 4,900 1.2 3,600 81.9 35,000 8.9 4,000 91.4 60,100 15.2   
More than 16 students 6,100     5,700 93.1 151,400 19.8 1,800 29.2 7,300 1.0 5,300 85.5 81,900 10.7 5,800 94.0 127,200 16.6   
            
Number of classroom changes 7           
0–3 changes 700     600 83.6 11,000 17.1 200 27.0 700 1.0 500 66.9 4,200 6.5 600 87.2 9,700 15.1   
4–6 changes 5,800     5,300 90.4 136,200 21.9 1,500 26.0 6,000 1.0 5,000 85.5 67,900 10.9 5,400 92.7 110,300 17.8   
More than 6 changes 5,700     5,200 92.3 117,200 21.3 1,700 29.4 6,900 1.2 4,600 81.7 52,900 9.6 5,200 92.3 80,100 14.6   
            
Regular use of law enforcement 8           
Regular use 9,400     8,800 94.2 237,200 21.4 2,900 31.4 12,400 1.1 8,000 85.7 112,900 10.2 9,000 96.0 184,600 16.7   
No regular use 2,900     2,300 80.2 27,300 21.4 400 15.4 1,200 ! 0.9 ! 2,100 72.6 12,100 9.5 2,300 80.0 15,500 12.1   
                                                                         
Number of serious discipline problems9                                                                        
No problems 8,400     7,300 87.6 133,300 17.2 1,900 22.9 6,000 0.8 6,700 79.9 67,400 8.7 7,600 90.4 105,600 13.6   
1 problem 2,100     2,000 96.9 54,600 23.5 600 31.1 2,000 0.9 1,800 87.3 29,400 12.7 1,900 93.2 36,200 15.6   
2 problems 900     900 100.0 13 40,000 34.4 400 44.6 2,400 ! 2.0 ! 800 90.6 12,200 10.5 900 100.0 13 24,300 20.9   
3 or more problems 900     900 98.5 36,600 32.8 400 47.0 3,200 2.9 800 89.5 16,000 14.3 900 99.0 33,900 30.4   
            
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment10           
Less than 6 percent 2,800     2,400 86.7 37,400 13.7 800 28.1 2,700 1.0 2,100 76.4 22,900 8.4 2,400 85.9 28,100 10.3   
6 to less than 11 percent 2,900     2,600 88.6 48,400 17.3 800 27.2 2,200 0.8 2,500 85.3 31,000 11.1 2,700 91.7 44,100 15.8   
11 to less than 21 percent 3,900     3,700 94.3 97,300 23.6 1,000 26.4 4,400 1.1 3,300 85.0 38,600 9.4 3,700 95.3 65,100 15.8   
21 percent or more 2,600     2,500   92.8   81,300   30.0     800   29.5   4,200 ! 1.5 !   2,200   82.7   32,600   12.0     2,500   94.7   62,800   23.2   
                                                                         
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions11                                                                         
No disruptions 11,300     10,200 90.6 237,100 21.3 3,000 27.0 11,800 1.1 9,300 82.3 108,500 9.7 10,300 91.9 168,400 15.1   
Any disruptions 1,000     900 94.1 27,400 22.5 300 35.9 1,800 1.5 800 86.4 16,500 13.6 900 95.9 31,700 26.0   
            
Percent of students absent on a daily basis            
0–2 percent 600     400 65.3 6,800 11.3 100 ! 19.6 500 ! 0.8 500 76.2 6,600 ! 10.9 500 80.6 6,700 11.2   
3–5 percent 4,500     3,900 87.4 73,000 16.6 1,000 23.0 3,600 0.8 3,700 82.0 38,700 8.8 4,000 89.5 60,100 13.7   
6–10 percent 5,600     5,400 96.4 143,200 23.8 1,800 32.9 6,000 1.0 4,800 85.1 62,900 10.4 5,300 95.7 108,000 17.9   
More than 10 percent 1,600     1,400 90.8 41,500 31.2 400 25.4 3,600 ! 2.7 ! 1,200 78.1 16,900 12.7 1,400 91.9 25,200 19.0   
            
Prevalence of violent incidents12            
No violent incidents 1,100     600 51.6 4,100 ! 10.3 ! 800 69.7 3,200 8.2   
Any violent incidents 11,100     11,100   100.0 13 264,400   22.1     3,400   30.4   13,500   1.1     9,500   85.7   121,000   10.1     10,500   94.4   196,800   16.5   
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2Serious violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3Theft or larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. This includes pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of a bicycle, theft from a vending machine, and all other types of thefts."
4Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device; possession of a knife or sharp object; distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol; and vandalism.
5Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
9Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
13Rounds to 100.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).