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Table 22.  Percentage of public middle schools reporting the use of selected violence prevention program components, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Percentage of schools using selected violence prevention program components  
School characteristic Prevention curriculum, instruction, or training for students1   Behavioral or behavior modification intervention for students   Counseling, social work, psychological, or therapeutic activity for students   Individual attention, mentoring, tutoring, or coaching of students by students2   Individual attention, mentoring, tutoring, or coaching of students by adults3   Recreational, enrichment, or leisure activities for students   Students’ involvement in resolving student conduct problems4   Programs to promote a sense of community or social integration among students  
All public middle schools 89.5   93.2   95.7   62.7   94.0   91.3   52.3   84.7  
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 86.0   87.4   92.1   47.2   90.8   96.5   43.8   83.2  
300–499 89.7   95.0   97.3   68.7   93.8   85.9   53.3   80.3  
500–999 90.2   93.6   95.3   64.5   94.7   91.3   52.6   86.5  
1,000 or more 91.4   97.0   99.5   66.9   96.3   93.5   61.6   88.1  
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 90.2   96.0   94.5   69.2   95.9   93.2   55.6   87.0  
Suburb 89.1   94.7   96.8   66.5   95.2   91.7   55.5   87.6  
Town 88.6   94.6   98.1   61.5   91.4   88.7   47.3   78.0  
Rural 89.9   88.3   93.8   53.4   92.7   91.0   49.1   83.8  
                                 
Crime level where students live5                                
High 88.8   96.8   96.9   74.6   100.0 6 92.6   74.6   85.7  
Moderate 86.4   95.5   98.5   67.9   96.2   93.5   54.2   85.1  
Low 89.7   90.8   94.2   58.6   91.4   89.2   48.6   84.5  
Mixed 93.3   98.0   96.9   65.5   97.9   95.3   53.5   84.1  
                                 
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students                                 
Less than 5 percent 92.5   90.6   95.1   54.8   87.9   92.9   37.1   80.1  
5 to less than 20 percent 90.2   91.6   94.9   62.4   94.3   89.7   50.5   82.7  
20 to less than 50 percent 91.1   94.1   95.1   63.1   93.1   90.1   48.9   86.6  
50 percent or more 86.6   94.8   97.0   65.4   96.6   92.8   61.7   86.3  
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 88.4   88.9   93.5   65.2   90.5   89.6   39.3   87.8  
21–50 percent 90.7   93.6   95.5   64.2   92.3   89.7   52.6   83.2  
More than 50 percent 88.9   94.6   96.6   60.6   96.5   93.0   56.9   84.6  
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 87.4   89.6   94.1   59.7   91.3   90.2   48.7   86.3  
6–15 percent 90.4   94.7   97.0   63.5   94.8   91.3   50.9   83.3  
More than 15 percent 91.0   96.3   95.9   65.7   96.6   92.8   59.7   84.4  
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 82.8   93.2   93.3   64.6   95.7   90.1   54.5   79.7  
36–60 percent 91.9   91.3   96.1   59.7   93.9   91.6   53.5   82.6  
More than 60 percent 90.8   94.5   96.4   63.7   93.3   91.5   50.5   88.2  
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 79.5   92.8   98.2   54.3   95.5   93.5   50.4   81.0  
26–50 percent 86.4   92.6   94.1   62.4   94.6   88.2   46.5   79.5  
51–75 percent 92.7   93.1   96.1   58.6   94.9   91.2   50.6   83.7  
More than 75 percent 89.9   93.7   95.7   66.7   92.9   92.3   56.2   88.0  
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 89.5   91.0   94.0   66.3   93.1   88.5   50.3   83.7  
45–55 percent 90.4   93.8   95.9   62.1   94.2   91.4   52.5   84.7  
More than 55 percent 77.9   89.1   95.1   64.5   92.4   93.7   52.1   85.0  
                                 
Student-to-FTE ratio7                                
Less than 12 students 90.6   91.2   94.2   54.6   91.8   92.0   47.2   89.6  
12–16 students 89.7   93.3   96.2   60.9   95.1   90.7   50.9   86.0  
More than 16 students 88.9   93.8   95.8   66.9   93.7   91.6   55.2   81.8  
                                 
Number of classroom changes 8                                
0–3 changes 88.6   90.5   100.0 6 63.6   86.6   84.9   57.7   74.4  
4–6 changes 91.6   95.9   96.6   65.6   96.9   95.6   58.9   86.2  
More than 6 changes 88.2   91.8   94.9   60.9   92.6   89.0   48.1   84.3  
                                 
Regular use of law enforcement 9                                
Regular use 90.5   94.8   96.3   67.3   94.4   91.2   55.2   83.9  
No regular use 87.5   90.1   94.4   53.4   93.1   91.4   46.6   86.3  
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems10                                
No problems 90.8   93.4   96.1   63.5   93.7   92.8   51.7   85.7  
1 problem 89.0   94.0   94.6   64.2   92.5   88.1   54.2   81.4  
2 problems 88.0   91.8   94.9   57.8   94.6   89.1   52.1   86.4  
3 or more problems 85.1   92.1   97.1   59.2   98.5   92.6   50.8   85.3  
                                 
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment11                                
Less than 6 percent 88.1   91.5   95.9   60.1   92.6   90.9   49.9   87.6  
6 to less than 11 percent 94.3   92.8   96.1   63.4   95.6   93.9   53.3   83.1  
11 to less than 21 percent 87.0   93.1   93.6   60.7   91.7   89.7   51.5   83.2  
21 percent or more 89.4   95.8   98.1   67.7   97.3   91.3   54.9   85.5  
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions12
                               
No disruptions 90.0   92.9   95.6   63.7   93.6   91.1   52.3   84.6  
Any disruptions 80.7   98.4   97.4   47.0   100.0 6 93.6   52.4   85.9  
                                 
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                                 
0–2 percent 87.3   93.1   95.6   57.4   91.7   89.4   57.6   81.1  
3–5 percent 89.6   93.2   95.4   62.8   94.6   91.7   51.4   85.5  
6–10 percent 88.8   92.8   96.2   64.5   92.5   90.2   53.1   83.3  
More than 10 percent 96.6   97.8   96.9   52.0   100.0 6 96.6   53.7   87.2  
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents13                                 
No violent incidents 82.1   87.8   91.9   68.7   91.3   94.1   47.3   84.6  
Any violent incidents 90.2   93.8   96.1   62.0   94.3   91.0   52.8   84.7  
1For example, social skills training.
2 ,3These items are new to the 2009–10 School survey on Crime and Safety. Prior to the 2009–10 survey, these two items were combined into one.
4For example, conflict resolution, peer mediation, or student court.
5Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6Rounds to 100.
7Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
8Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
9Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
10Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
11Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
12Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
13Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because schools may have reported using more than one of these violence prevention program components. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).