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Table 14.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting the use of any serious disciplinary action, and the percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions used by schools, by selected offenses: School year 2009–10

    Schools using any serious disciplinary action1     Percentage distribution of serious
disciplinary actions used by schools1
 
Offense   Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of actions taken   Number of actions taken per 1,000 students     Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools2   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year  
Total offenses   10,200   67.0   120,000   17.3     3.6   22.2   74.2  
Use or possession of a firearm or explosive device 3   600   4.1   1,300   2.7     19.2 ! 30.0   50.8  
Use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm 34   3,800   25.1   10,600   3.6     5.7   33.6   60.7  
Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs   5,600   36.9   23,200   5.5     6.1   37.9   56.1  
Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol   2,100   13.6   5,500   3.6     3.0 ! 21.3   75.7  
Physical attacks or fights 5   7,600   49.7   79,500   15.4     2.4 ! 16.1   81.5  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
1Serious disciplinary actions include removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year, transfers to specialized schools for disciplinary reasons, and out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days, but less than the remainder of the school year.
2Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3Firearm or explosive device was defined for respondents as "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
4Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. This includes lookalikes if they are used to threaten others."
5Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as "an actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding or because schools may have reported more than one of the practices. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).