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Table 9.  Percentage distribution of public middle schools reporting selected disciplinary problems, by frequency and type of disciplinary problem: School year 2009–10

Type of disciplinary problem Daily   At least once a week   At least once a month   On occasion   Never
Student racial/ethnic tensions 0.7 ! 4.7   6.8   60.7   27.2
Student bullying 13.2   25.4   26.1   35.0  
Student sexual harassment of other students1 0.9 ! 5.2   11.2   68.6   14
Student sexual harassment of other students based on sexual orientation or gender identity2 1 ! 5.2   7.5   58.6   27.7
Student verbal abuse of teachers 1.9   4.9   7.4   64.9   20.9
Widespread disorder in classrooms 1.3 ! 2.8   3.1   29.5   63.3
Student acts of disrespect for teachers other
than verbal abuse
5.2   8.5   12.8   52.4   21.1
Gang activities3 0.5 ! 1.2 ! 2.7   24.9   70.8
Cult or extremist group activities4       1.4   98.6
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Sexual harassment was defined for respondents as "unsolicited, offensive behavior that inappropriately asserts sexuality over another person. This behavior may be verbal or nonverbal."
2This item is new to the 2009–10 School survey on Crime and Safety.
3Gang was defined for respondents as "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols, or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior."
4Cult or extremist group was defined for respondents as "a group that espouses radical beliefs and practices, which may include a religious component, that are widely seen as threatening the basic values and cultural norms of society at large."
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).