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Table 11.  Percentage of public middle schools reporting that specified disciplinary actions were allowed, and used during the school year, by selected disciplinary actions: School year 2003–04

Disciplinary action Allowed Used during the
2003–04 school year
Removal or transfer for at least the remainder of the year    
Removal with no continuing school services 59 19
Transfer to specialized school for disciplinary reasons1 80 61
Transfer to another regular school for disciplinary reasons 38 19
Removal with school-provided tutoring/at-home instruction 68 31
Suspension or removal for less than the remainder of the year    
Out-of-school suspension    
No curriculum services provided 77 70
Curriculum services provided 79 60
In-school suspension    
No curriculum services provided  16 9
Curriculum services provided  82 76
Provide instruction or counseling to reduce problems     
Referral to school counselor  98 98
Assigned to program designed to reduce disciplinary problems     
During school hours  65 61
Outside of school hours  39 34
Punishment or withdrawal of services     
Kept off school bus due to misbehavior  94 88
Corporal punishment  17 14
Put on school probation with threatened consequences
if another incident occurs 
73 68
Detention and/or Saturday school  88 86
Loss of student privileges  96 95
Require participation in community service  41 35
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.