Skip Navigation

Table 13.  Percentage of public elementary schools reporting that specified disciplinary actions were allowable, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Percentage of schools allowing specified disciplinary action
School characteristic Referral to school counselor   Assigned to a program to reduce disciplinary problems during school hours   Assigned to a program to reduce disciplinary problems outside of school hours   Loss of school bus privileges due to misbehavior   Corporal punishment   Put on school probation   Detention and/or Saturday school   Loss of student privileges   Require participation in community service  
All public elementary schools 90.6   47.8   24.3   82.2   10.8   43.6   54.9   92.2   23.2  
                                     
Enrollment size                                    
Less than 300 82.6   37.7   22.6   79.0   15.2   42.7   54.4   86.4   19.8  
300–499 94.1   51.8   25.6   82.8   12.6   46.2   59.2   93.7   25.9  
500–999 91.6   49.4   24.4   83.7   6.5   41.0   51.2   94.2   22.1  
1,000 or more 96.3   57.6   19.2 ! 79.8     53.6   50.0   92.1   30.4 !
                                     
Urbanicity                                    
City 90.1   49.4   23.7   72.1   4.0 ! 36.8   51.6   91.7   27.2  
Suburb 93.9   47.4   22.0   82.6   4.5 ! 43.7   55.4   91.9   24.3  
Town 95.1   49.0   28.4   90.5   21.9   45.8   66.0   95.6   23.0  
Rural 84.9   45.8   25.7   88.6   20.1   49.8   52.5   91.3   17.5  
                                     
Crime level where students live1                                    
High 97.0   63.4   39.9   72.9     45.1   57.3   90.1   28.2  
Moderate 91.4   50.7   21.0   76.7   16.0   42.8   61.9   96.6   24.9  
Low 89.5   43.4   22.8   84.4   9.5   42.0   51.5   90.9   20.5  
Mixed 90.4   54.1   29.4   88.2   10.3 ! 52.4   55.8   90.5   30.0  
                                     
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students                                     
Less than 5 percent 89.8   39.5   29.6   91.9   11.1 ! 46.3   55.0   90.2   20.8  
5 to less than 20 percent 89.9   47.4   21.4   86.1   10.2   40.2   59.1   97.8   20.9  
20 to less than 50 percent 89.7   51.1   22.7   83.0   11.1   43.6   47.7   91.0   23.0  
50 percent or more 91.8   48.5   25.5   76.2   10.9   44.9   56.7   90.0   25.4  
                                     
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                                    
0–20 percent 86.4   49.0   23.3   79.0     45.6   46.6   92.6   29.8  
21–50 percent 90.1   45.6   23.3   85.4   7.6   42.1   54.9   91.8   23.5  
More than 50 percent 92.0   48.5   25.1   81.5   15.0   43.7   57.3   92.2   21.1  
                                     
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                    
0–5 percent 89.9   43.5   22.3   84.1   12.3   41.7   50.3   89.2   21.0  
6–15 percent 93.3   51.3   25.0   82.0   9.9   42.0   57.0   96.5   27.3  
More than 15 percent 87.7   50.2   26.9   78.7   9.2   49.4   60.0   90.9   20.7  
                                     
Percent of students likely to attend college                                    
0–35 percent 87.5   47.4   22.3   79.8   17.6   35.1   51.3   91.1   21.4  
36–60 percent 91.6   48.7   23.6   82.0   12.7   49.2   62.7   92.3   18.4  
More than 60 percent 91.5   47.4   25.7   83.4   6.3   44.6   52.3   92.6   26.7  
                                     
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                    
0–25 percent 82.1   43.8   13.2 ! 80.6   30.5 ! 29.3 ! 50.8   85.1   18.0 !
26–50 percent 90.1   47.5   19.3   77.4   14.5   41.7   50.9   90.8   18.7  
51–75 percent 91.5   49.6   27.0   82.4   14.3   43.6   61.4   93.2   22.1  
More than 75 percent 91.0   47.3   25.1   83.2   6.4   45.3   53.0   92.6   25.1  
                                     
Percent male enrollment                                    
0–44 percent 88.3   44.8   20.3   72.5   15.6 ! 39.8   54.5   83.9   11.6 !
45–55 percent 91.3   49.0   25.1   84.2   9.3   44.2   54.0   93.0   24.3  
More than 55 percent 87.6   41.8   22.5   76.2   17.2   42.7   61.3   93.3   24.7  
                                     
Student-to-FTE ratio2                                    
Less than 12 students 85.9   46.0   33.8   80.6   13.5 ! 42.1   50.7   89.1   17.3 !
12–16 students 95.0   47.6   24.8   85.1   13.2   44.4   51.4   93.6   22.9  
More than 16 students 88.0   48.4   21.5   80.1   8.0   43.3   58.9   91.8   24.9  
                                     
Number of classroom changes3                                    
0–3 changes 87.4   43.1   23.3   78.4   7.2   43.7   50.5   88.8   23.9  
4–6 changes 91.2   48.2   22.1   84.0   13.0   37.8   55.0   93.6   21.3  
More than 6 changes 96.0   57.8   34.2   84.9   12.1   62.9   65.4   95.5   27.6  
                                     
Regular use of law enforcement4                                    
Regular use 90.1   51.4   26.8   78.4   12.4   46.2   55.0   88.9   27.1  
No regular use 90.7   46.4   23.3   83.6   10.1   42.6   54.8   93.4   21.6  
                                     
Number of serious discipline problems5                                    
No problems 89.1   44.7   21.3   81.1   11.2   42.1   52.3   91.0   21.5  
1 problem 95.6   60.0   34.7   85.7   10.5 ! 52.9   59.5   94.6   29.5  
2 problems     100.0 6 64.9   39.7   87.5     38.8   71.6       100.0 6 22.3 !
3 or more problems 92.2   47.6   31.4   85.9     41.8   75.0       100.0 6 32.8 !
                                     
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment7                                    
Less than 6 percent 88.8   47.3   25.1   79.0   10.1   43.6   56.9   93.4   26.1  
6 to less than 11 percent 92.1   49.1   28.4   87.0   13.2   44.6   57.1   94.3   26.3  
11 to less than 21 percent 87.3   41.4   19.2   80.4   9.4   38.9   52.2   87.5   18.4  
21 percent or more 93.7   52.5   24.9   82.8   10.8   46.8   53.7   93.5   22.3  
                                     
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions8
                                   
No disruptions 90.3   47.1   24.2   81.7   10.6   43.2   54.7   91.9   23.4  
Any disruptions 98.0   64.6   27.3 ! 92.5     54.0   59.4   98.0   17.4 !
                                     
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                                     
0–2 percent 87.6   45.2   26.0   68.5     44.1   57.4   92.7   19.8 !
3–5 percent 91.0   45.2   22.6   81.9   11.1   44.5   52.1   90.8   24.3  
6–10 percent 92.2   54.2   26.4   85.7   12.7   43.5   63.5   94.9   20.1  
More than 10 percent 77.2   55.9   38.0 ! 88.8     25.8 ! 41.2   96.3   30.7 !
                                     
Prevalence of violent incidents9                                    
No violent incidents 86.8   39.5   18.1   77.9   10.0   32.9   41.3   86.5   15.5  
Any violent incidents 92.7   52.3   27.8   84.5   11.2   49.5   62.4   95.3   27.4  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
2Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
3Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
4Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
5Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
6Rounds to 100.
7Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 & the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).