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Table 3. Number and percentage of public elementary schools reporting sexual and physical assaults that occurred at school, the number of sexual and physical assaults, and the rate of sexual and physical assaults per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Rape or attempted rape1     Sexual battery other than rape2     Physical attack or fight with a weapon3,4   Physical attack or fight without a weapon3,4  
School characteristic   Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students  
All public elementary schools             490 ! 1.0 ! 980 ! #     1,460   3.0   7,590 ! 0.3 !   29,470   60.3   295,160   13.0  
                                                                         
Enrollment size                                                                        
Less than 300                                 5,690   50.2   37,010   15.2  
300–499                       860 ! 4.7 !       11,480   62.9   104,950   13.9  
500–999                       370 ! 2.0 !       11,460   62.7   143,810   12.5  
1,000 or more                                 850   80.2   9,400   8.1  
                                                                         
Urbanicity                                                                        
City             260 ! 1.8 !       600 ! 4.2 !       9,000   63.3   113,820   16.4  
Suburb                       450 ! 2.9 !       8,900   58.1   84,360   10.5  
Town                       290 ! 4.5 !       4,240   66.4   39,170 ! 14.9 !
Rural                                 7,340   56.5   57,810   11.5  
                                                                         
Crime level where students live5                                                                        
High                       280 ! 8.1 !       3,060   89.8   45,860   24.7  
Moderate                       300 ! 2.6 !       8,200   70.1   95,720   18.4  
Low                       580 ! 2.1 !       14,600   51.9   97,310   7.7  
Mixed                         5.4 !       3,610   64.0   56,270 ! 19.8 !
                                                                         
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students                                                                        
Less than 5 percent                                 3,050   51.9   32,030 ! 17.2 !
5 to less than 20 percent                                 5,990   50.0   40,930   7.9  
20 to less than 50 percent                       510 ! 4.3 !       7,370   61.6   66,450   11.3  
50 percent or more             240 !         760 ! 4.0 ! 3,170 ! 0.3 !   13,060   68.4   155,760   16.0  
                                                                         
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                                                                        
0–20 percent                                 3,190   39.9   22,120   5.5  
21–50 percent                       440 ! 3.3 !       7,540   56.2   68,470   11.3  
More than 50 percent             290 ! 1.1 ! 540 ! #     900   3.3   6,160 ! 0.5 !   18,740   68.1   204,580   16.3  
                                                                         
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                                                        
0–5 percent                       680 ! 3.3 ! 2,020 ! 0.2 !   10,720   52.3   75,440   8.0  
6–15 percent                       280 ! 1.6 !       10,660   62.3   102,290   12.8  
More than 15 percent                       500 ! 4.5 ! 2,800 ! 0.5 !   8,090   71.5   117,430   22.5  
                                                                         
Percent of students likely to attend college                                                                        
0–35 percent                                 7,590   65.3   103,100   19.5  
36–60 percent                       630 ! 4.7 ! 2,390 ! 0.4 !   9,450   70.4   89,300   15.4  
More than 60 percent                       710   3.0         12,430   52.1   102,760   8.9  
                                                                         
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                                                        
0–25 percent                                 1,430   55.6   13,410 ! 13.5 !
26–50 percent                                 3,950   68.0   44,180 ! 15.8 !
51–75 percent                       390 !         9,520   72.2   111,260   19.4  
More than 75 percent                       990   3.6   5,850 !     14,570   53.3   126,310   9.7  
                                                                         
Percent male enrollment                                                                        
0–44 percent                                 2,890   61.3   24,810   12.4  
45–55 percent             420 ! 1.1 ! 910 ! #     1,250   3.2   6,330 !     23,620   61.2   249,680   13.6  
More than 55 percent                                 2,960   53.1   20,670   8.9  
                                                                         
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                                                        
Less than 12 students                                 3,660   61.4   23,130   12.7  
12–16 students                       820 ! 4.2 !       11,970   60.8   122,840   14.2  
More than 16 students             380 ! 1.6 !       560 ! 2.4 ! 1,420 !     13,850   59.5   149,190   12.3  
                                                                         
Number of classroom changes7                                                                        
0–3 changes                       480 ! 2.7 ! 2,160 ! 0.3 !   9,310   53.2   85,070   10.6  
4–6 changes                       780 ! 3.2 ! 2,800 ! 0.2 !   15,370   63.5   157,100   13.8  
More than 6 changes                                 4,800   66.6   52,990   16.4  
                                                                         
Regular use of law enforcement 8                                                                        
Regular use                       490 ! 3.6 !       8,460   62.3   121,390   17.0  
No regular use                       970   2.8   3,420 ! 0.2 !   21,020   59.5   173,770   11.2  
                                                                         
Number of serious discipline problems9                                                                        
No problems             370 ! 1.0 !   !   1,040   2.7   3,170 ! 0.2 !   20,600   54.2   151,000   8.8  
1 problem                                 5,610   77.0   53,880   15.3  
2 problems                                 1,490   84.4   37,910 ! 43.7 !
3 or more problems                       280 !         1,780   96.1   52,370 ! 51.9  
                                                                         
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment10                                                                        
Less than 6 percent                       280 ! 2.3 !       5,680   46.0   46,290   8.3  
6 to less than 11 percent                       550 ! 5.3 ! 1,910 ! 0.4 !   6,240   59.5   48,060   10.0  
11 to less than 21 percent                       380 ! 3.2 !   !   6,970   58.7   67,490   12.1  
21 percent or more                       250 ! 1.8 !       10,580   74.5   133,330   20.1  
                                                                        
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11
                                                                       
No disruptions             490 ! 1.0 ! 980 ! #     1,390   3.0   7,520 ! 0.3 !   28,000   59.6   279,900   12.9  
Any disruptions                                 1,470   76.0   15,260 ! 17.5 !
                                                                         
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                                                                         
0–2 percent                                 1,590   46.2      
3–5 percent             360 ! 1.1 !       870   2.7 !       18,520   58.5   159,830   10.6  
6–10 percent                       460 ! 3.8 !       8,440   69.7   102,650   19.2  
More than 10 percent                                 920   54.9   12,230 ! 17.6 !
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2Serious violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3Theft or larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. This includes pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of a bicycle, theft from a vending machine, and all other types of thefts."
4Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device; possession of a knife or sharp object; distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol; and vandalism.
5Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
9Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 & the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).