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Table 15.  Number and percentage of public elementary schools reporting the use of serious disciplinary actions and the percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions taken, by selected offenses: 1999–2000

Offense Schools using a serious disciplinary action   Percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions
Number of schools Percent of schools Number of actions taken   Removals with no services for at least 1 year Transfers to specialized schools for at least 1 year Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 days to 1 year
Total offenses 18,683 37 260,028   16 2 82
Use of a firearm/explosive device1 256 1 374   # # 100
Possession of a firearm/explosive device1 807 2 1,089   9 # 91
Use of a weapon2 other than a firearm1 1,254 3 2,522   32 7 61
Possession of a weapon other than a firearm 5,024 10 8,418   10 11 79
Distribution of illegal drugs 629 1 1,835   # 6 94
Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs 1,468 3 2,719   3 12 84
Physical attacks or fights3 10,618 21 85,647   12 2 85
Threat or intimidation4 6,249 13 42,473   6 # 94
Insubordination5 4,950 10 53,118   21 1 78
Other infractions (not including academic reasons) 4,174 8 61,832   26 3 72
# Rounds to zero.
1 Firearm/explosive device was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
2 Weapon was defined for respondents as, "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
3 Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as, "an actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
4 Intimidation was defined for respondents as, "to frighten, compel, or deter by actual or implied threats. It includes bullying and sexual harassment."
5 Insubordination was defined for respondents as, "a deliberate and inexcusable defiance of or refusal to obey a school rule, authority, or a reasonable order. It includes but is not limited to direct defiance of school authority, failure to attend assigned detention or on-campus supervision, failure to respond to a call slip, and physical or verbal intimidation/abuse."
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Serious disciplinary action includes suspensions lasting 5 days or more, removals with no services (i.e., expulsions), and transfers to specialized schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.