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Table 32.  Mean number of full-time and part-time security staff per school present at least once a week, by type of security staff and selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
      Security guards or security personnel1   School resource officers2   Sworn law enforcement officers3
School characteristic Total number of nchools   Full time   Part time     Full time   Part time     Full time   Part time  
All public schools 35,400   1.0   0.4     0.6   0.5     0.1   0.2  
                                 
Level4                                
Primary 48,900   0.5   0.4     0.3   0.6     #   0.2  
Middle 15,300   0.7   0.3     0.7   0.6     0.1   0.2 !
High school 12,200   2.0   0.6     0.9   0.4     0.2   0.3  
Combined 6,400   0.7   0.4 !   0.5   0.4     0.1 ! 0.3 !
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 18,900   0.5   0.2 !   0.4   0.5     #   0.3  
300–499 25,200   0.6   0.3     0.3   0.6     #   0.2  
500–999 29,800   0.7   0.4     0.6   0.7     0.1   0.3  
1,000 or more 8,900   2.2   0.7     1.0   0.3     0.2   0.3  
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 21,500   1.5   0.5     0.7   0.5     0.1 ! 0.2 !
Suburb 23,800   1.1   0.5     0.5   0.5     0.1   0.3  
Town 12,100   0.4   0.2     0.5   0.6     0.1   0.1 !
Rural 25,300   0.4   0.3 !   0.6   0.7     #   0.3  
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
1Security guards or security personnel does not include law enforcement.
2School resource officers include all career law enforcement officers with arrest authority, who have specialized training and are assigned to work in collaboration with school organizations.
3Sworn law enforcement includes sworn law enforcement officers who are not school resource officers.
4Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
NOTE: All public schools in the 2009–10 SSOCS sample are included in the estimates presented in this table. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).