Skip Navigation

Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public schools involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year     Transfers to specialized schools1     Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year     Other disciplinary actions2  
School characteristic Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students  
All public schools 9,600   5.7     40,400   24.1     84,200   50.1     49,500   29.5  
                                       
Level3                                      
Primary             1,600 ! 29.6 !      
Middle 1,600   4.6     10,000   29.3     17,200   50.6     10,300   30.2  
High school 6,800   5.9     27,700   23.9     59,300   51.2     33,500   28.9  
Combined 1,100 ! 9.1 !   2,100 ! 16.8 !   6,000 ! 47.6 !   3,400 ! 26.6  
                                       
Enrollment size                                      
Less than 300 400 ! 5.2 !   500 ! 6.3 !   2,800 ! 35.7     3,400 ! 43.0  
300–499 1,300 ! 9.0 !   2,100 ! 14.2     7,700   51.5     4,900   32.9  
500–999 2,500   6.1     11,200   27.0     22,900   55.0     10,800   25.9  
1,000 or more 5,300   5.1     26,500   25.7     50,700   49.0     30,400   29.4  
                                       
Urbanicity                                      
City 3,100   5.1     14,200   23.5     27,300   45.0     23,000   38.0  
Suburb 3,300   6.2     13,100   24.3     28,800   53.4     11,900   22.0  
Town 1,700   7.8     5,100   23.4     11,100   50.6     6,800   31.0  
Rural 1,500   4.6     8,000   25.3     17,000   53.9     7,800   24.9  
                                       
Crime level where students live4                                      
High 1,400 ! 6.7 !   4,600 ! 22.1     9,200 ! 43.9     7,300   35.0  
Moderate 2,700   6.0     11,100   24.2     24,300   53.0     10,600   23.2  
Low 4,300   5.9     16,900   23.2     37,500   51.5     20,600   28.3  
Mixed 1,100   4.0     7,800   27.6     13,100   46.5     10,900   38.7  
                                       
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students                                      
Less than 5 percent 1,000 ! 8.0 !   2,000 ! 16.5     6,900   57.3     2,700   22.3  
5 to less than 20 percent 1,900   5.9     6,300   18.9     17,800   53.9     8,100   24.6  
20 to less than 50 percent 2,500   5.5     12,500   27.9     22,200   49.5     11,800   26.2  
50 percent or more 4,200   5.4     19,600   25.2     37,200   47.8     26,900   34.6  
                                       
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                                      
0–20 percent 1,700   5.6     4,400   14.8     18,600   62.2     7,000   23.5  
21–50 percent 3,700   6.0     15,200   24.4     30,200   48.3     18,000   28.8  
More than 50 percent 4,200   5.5     20,800   27.5     35,300   46.8     24,500   32.5  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                      
0–5 percent 2,900   6.2     11,000   23.8     24,600   53.4     14,500   31.4  
6–15 percent 3,800   6.3     16,400   26.9     30,400   49.9     16,400   26.9  
More than 15 percent 2,900   4.8     13,100   21.4     29,100   47.8     18,600   30.6  
                                       
Percent of students likely to attend college                                      
0–35 percent 2,200   5.6     10,300   25.9     19,100   48.2     12,700   31.9  
36–60 percent 3,600   8.1     13,400   30.1     21,400   48.0     10,600   23.8  
More than 60 percent 3,800   4.5     16,700   20.0     43,600   52.1     26,200   31.4  
                                       
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                      
0–25 percent 600 ! 5.0 !   3,900 ! 30.3     6,400 ! 49.2     3,400   26.1  
26–50 percent 2,000   6.0     10,300   30.9     15,800   47.3     9,900   29.7  
51–75 percent 2,800   5.9     11,000   23.4     23,500   50.0     13,400   28.4  
More than 75 percent 4,100   5.5     15,200   20.3     38,400   51.6     22,800   30.6  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                      
0–44 percent 600 ! 5.7 !   1,900 ! 17.4     5,000   45.4     4,200   38.3  
45–55 percent 7,900   5.4     36,600   25.0     74,700   50.9     41,200   28.1  
More than 55 percent 1,100 ! 10.2 !   1,900 ! 18.5     4,500   43.3     4,100   39.7  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                      
Less than 12 students 400 ! 3.4 !   3,600 ! 29.2     5,200   42.5     3,600   29.9  
12–16 students 2,200   4.3     16,500   32.2     25,700   50.1     13,500   26.3  
More than 16 students 7,000   6.7     20,400   19.5     53,300   51.0     32,400   31.0  
                                       
Number of classroom changes6                                      
0–3 changes 500 ! 6.1 !   1,000 ! 12.2     2,800 ! 35.0     3,900   48.7  
4–6 changes 4,800   5.7     18,900   22.3     44,100   52.1     21,600   25.5  
More than 6 changes 4,300   5.7     20,500   27.3     37,200   49.5     24,100   32.0  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement7                                      
Regular use 8,300   5.8     36,900   25.6     73,900   51.2     41,400   28.6  
No regular use 1,300   5.3     3,500   14.8     10,200   43.6     8,100   34.7  
                                       
Number of serious discipline problems8                                      
No problems 4,700   5.2     22,900   25.2     44,700   49.1     27,400   30.1  
1 problem 3,200   8.8     7,000   19.4     18,200   50.6     10,800   30.0  
2 problems 600   3.6     3,100   19.7     8,300   52.9     4,700   30.3  
3 or more problems 1,100 ! 4.5 !   7,400 ! 29.2     13,000   51.3     6,600   26.0  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                                      
Less than 6 percent 1,400   6.3     2,700   12.3     12,100   54.7     7,400   33.5  
6 to less than 11 percent 1,800   5.0     8,800   23.9     19,000   51.6     9,900   27.0  
11 to less than 21 percent 2,700   5.2     13,200   25.3     26,700   51.2     14,200   27.1  
21 percent or more 3,600   6.4     15,700   27.6     26,300   46.4     18,000   31.7  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10
                                     
No disruptions 8,400   5.7     36,700   24.9     73,200   49.7     42,900   29.2  
Any disruptions 1,200 ! 5.6 !   3,800 ! 18.2     10,900   52.8     6,600   31.9  
                                       
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                           
0–2 percent500!     2,400!44.7! 2,100!39.2  
3–5 percent3,100 4.8  16,200 25.3  30,200 47.2  18,600 29.0  
6–10 percent4,200 5.2  19,300 23.8  42,900 52.9  23,600 29.1  
More than 10 percent1,800!10.5! 3,700!21.7  8,600!49.6  5,200 30.0  
                     
Prevalence of violent incidents11                    
No violent incidents      900!24.1! 2,300!62.7  
Any violent incidents9,500 5.8  40,100 24.4  83,300 50.7  47,200 28.7  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error represents more than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
8Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple students or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).