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Table 12.  Percentage of public schools reporting that removals or transfers for at least the remainder of the school year, or suspensions or removals for less than the remainder of the school year, were allowable disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2009–10

 
          Suspension or removal for less than the remainder of the school year  
    Removal or transfer for at least the remainder of the school year     Out-of-school suspension or removal     In-school suspension  
School characteristic   Removal with no continuing school services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfer to specialized school1   Transfer to another regular school   Removal with school-provided tutoring/at-home instruction for at least the remainder of the school year     No curriculum/ services provided   Curriculum/ services provided     No curriculum/ services provided   Curriculum/ services provided  
All public schools   44.7   59.8   34.6   54.1     55.9   76.6     19.5   79.4  
                                       
Level2                                      
Primary   37.5   50.9   34.2   47.4     55.0   71.1     21.0   77.3  
Middle   47.3   76.5   36.4   58.8     55.8   84.9     15.2   85.1  
High school   61.6   78.1   35.2   65.7     59.4   84.3     17.7   78.4  
Combined   61.1   53.7   31.5   72.1     57.0   84.1     20.7   84.0  
                                       
Enrollment size                                      
Less than 300   49.2   47.5   29.6   53.4     54.3   74.1     21.8   77.3  
300–499   42.5   55.3   36.5   55.1     55.0   74.4     19.9   81.6  
500–999   41.8   64.3   33.4   52.4     57.1   77.9     18.4   79.4  
1,000 or more   51.2   83.7   43.4   58.5     58.1   84.0     16.8   77.8  
                                       
Urbanicity                                      
City   35.2   57.9   44.7   39.2     48.6   76.0     17.7   77.4  
Suburb   41.4   64.0   36.8   55.2     56.4   77.9     21.0   77.9  
Town   49.0   53.6   28.4   62.0     61.7   78.4     19.4   85.3  
Rural   53.9   60.5   26.7   61.9     59.0   75.0     19.6   79.7  
                                       
Crime level where students live3                                      
High   37.7   59.2   41.4   35.2     54.3   83.1     14.4   72.2  
Moderate   47.3   57.8   37.4   50.7     55.4   75.1     15.1   79.5  
Low   45.1   59.8   31.2   57.5     56.2   75.0     22.0   79.2  
Mixed   42.5   64.1   41.1   55.1     56.6   82.8     18.2   84.0  
                                       
Percent of combined Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students                                       
Less than 5 percent   54.2   60.1   29.9   71.4     53.2   81.0     21.2   78.3  
5 to less than 20 percent   47.4   58.9   30.5   59.3     60.5   77.0     23.3   85.0  
20 to less than 50 percent   44.1   64.0   34.1   53.6     57.9   74.2     21.0   80.5  
50 percent or more   39.6   57.7   39.5   44.0     52.5   76.2     15.0   75.2  
                                       
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                                      
0–20 percent   39.0   62.1   36.2   56.0     49.0   80.1     23.8   80.5  
21–50 percent   47.6   63.2   32.1   60.7     55.8   76.7     22.1   82.3  
More than 50 percent   44.8   57.1   35.5   49.4     58.2   75.5     16.5   77.3  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                      
0–5 percent   42.3   55.2   32.9   54.3     53.8   73.9     18.5   78.8  
6–15 percent   47.0   64.1   33.1   56.0     57.5   76.7     19.7   81.1  
More than 15 percent   45.2   61.0   39.6   50.9     57.0   81.1     20.7   77.8  
                                       
Percent of students likely to attend college                                      
0–35 percent   50.1   57.1   29.1   51.2     60.1   73.8     20.3   75.4  
36–60 percent   45.1   64.4   34.1   55.8     55.8   75.5     16.5   81.0  
More than 60 percent   42.1   58.5   37.3   54.4     54.1   78.5     20.8   80.2  
                                       
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                      
0–25 percent   53.6   56.1   27.2   45.4     61.2   78.6     20.7   76.9  
26–50 percent   48.8   65.3   33.5   56.7     58.8   77.7     16.4   82.4  
51–75 percent   47.6   61.8   32.6   58.6     57.3   75.5     17.3   78.2  
More than 75 percent   41.0   57.7   36.7   51.9     53.8   76.7     21.4   79.5  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                      
0–44 percent   37.2   46.7   32.2   42.2     51.1   64.4     11.4   67.4  
45–55 percent   46.5   62.3   34.5   56.0     57.2   78.7     19.7   81.9  
More than 55 percent   38.2   53.4   37.4   51.1     50.8   72.4     25.9   71.9  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio4                                      
Less than 12 students   53.9   58.3   34.6   58.0     58.5   76.2     22.0   81.1  
12–16 students   41.2   59.6   29.4   53.1     52.9   76.5     14.7   79.5  
More than 16 students   44.7   60.5   39.0   53.7     57.7   76.8     22.7   78.7  
                                       
Number of classroom changes 5                                      
0–3 changes   39.5   49.4   34.7   47.4     51.6   67.4     22.3   72.1  
4–6 changes   42.4   60.3   36.3   52.5     56.7   77.3     17.9   78.8  
More than 6 changes   51.7   66.6   32.0   61.1     57.9   82.2     19.6   85.4  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement 6                                      
Regular use   46.7   67.7   35.6   55.6     57.0   80.0     17.4   79.8  
No regular use   43.3   54.0   33.7   53.0     55.1   74.0     21.0   79.1  
                                       
Number of serious discipline problems7                                      
No problems   43.5   57.1   34.3   53.5     54.3   75.5     19.4   78.7  
1 problem   45.9   64.1   34.0   58.4     61.9   78.1     22.9   81.1  
2 problems   50.6   73.3   37.0   47.3     62.5   73.3     13.9   86.1 !
3 or more problems   51.8   69.7   37.7   54.7     53.6   88.7     14.4   77.8  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment8                                      
Less than 6 percent   39.7   58.3   35.4   53.4     49.9   76.6     22.4   80.7  
6 to less than 11 percent   50.3   63.6   38.2   60.0     60.7   80.8     20.6   83.4  
11 to less than 21 percent   45.8   62.6   33.7   55.9     54.8   78.1     18.6   79.5  
21 percent or more   43.5   55.2   31.5   47.8     58.5   71.5     16.7   74.7  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions9
                                     
No disruptions   44.4   59.7   33.9   53.4     55.7   76.3     19.0   79.3  
Any disruptions   50.3   62.5   46.4   67.3     59.6   82.0     27.6   81.6  
                                       
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                                       
0–2 percent   47.1   62.1   40.2   49.7     59.0   83.9     27.1   81.4  
3–5 percent   41.3   59.6   34.3   53.2     53.2   74.2     19.5   80.7  
6–10 percent   48.8   60.4   33.5   57.1     60.4   79.4     17.6   78.1  
More than 10 percent   56.0   56.5   36.3   52.0     57.1   78.6     20.5   69.8  
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents10                                       
No violent incidents   33.7   46.9   28.6   45.0     46.3   67.3     20.8   71.5  
Any violent incidents   48.6   64.4   36.7   57.3     59.4   79.9     19.0   82.2  
1Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
3Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6Respondents were asked, "During the 2009–10 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
7Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2009–10 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS).