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Table 15.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting the use of serious disciplinary actions and the percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions taken, by selected offenses: 1999–2000

Offense Schools using a serious disciplinary action   Percentage distribution of serious
disciplinary actions
of schools
of schools
of actions taken
with no
for at least
1 year
to specia-
for at least
1 year
5 days
to 1 year
Total offenses 44,277 54 1,162,636   11 7 83
Use of a firearm/explosive device1 1,284 2 5,755   11 11 78
Possession of a firearm/explosive device1 3,392 4 6,563   19 19 62
Use of a weapon2 other than a firearm1 3,808 5 7,980   24 23 53
Possession of a weapon other than a firearm 15,861 19 41,744   13 21 67
Distribution of illegal drugs 8,456 10 26,338   17 22 61
Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs 16,797 20 95,468   9 16 74
Physical attacks or fights3 29,043 35 332,454   9 6 85
Threat or intimidation4 17,706 22 130,838   8 4 89
Insubordination5 15,034 18 253,463   15 3 82
Other infractions (not including academic reasons) 11,093 14 262,033   10 3 86
1 Firearm/explosive device was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
2 Weapon was defined for respondents as, "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
3 Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as, "an actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
4 Intimidation was defined for respondents as, "to frighten, compel, or deter by actual or implied threats. It includes bullying and sexual harassment."
5 Insubordination was defined for respondents as, "a deliberate and inexcusable defiance of or refusal to obey a school rule, authority, or a reasonable order. It includes but is not limited to direct defiance of school authority, failure to attend assigned detention or on-campus supervision, failure to respond to a call slip, and physical or verbal intimidation/abuse."
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Serious disciplinary action includes suspensions lasting 5 days or more, removals with no services (i.e., expulsions), and transfers to specialized schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.