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Table 6.  Percentage distribution of students ages 12 through 18 who reported seeing hate–related graffiti or being called a hate–related word at school, by selected school characteristics: School year 2016–17
 
  Estimated
number of
students
  Saw
hate–related
graffiti at school
  Called any
hate–related
words at school
  Of those who were called a hate–related
word at school, word was related to
School characteristic       Race   Religion   Ethnicity   Disability   Gender   Sexual
orientation
 
All students 23,686,000   23.7   6.5   43.3   11.7   25.6   11.9   15.0   12.8  
                                     
Region                                    
Northeast 3,527,000   19.5   6.2   51.0   20.4 ! 28.3   20.1 ! 14.9 ! 11.8 !
Midwest 5,143,000   24.5   6.8   26.6   9.2 ! 13.2   9.1 ! 17.9   12.7 !
South 9,103,000   23.5   6.6   45.9   10.3   28.9   8.8   13.1   12.7  
West 5,913,000   25.6   6.2   50.3   11.4   30.5   14.9   15.6   13.5  
                                     
Sector                                    
Public 22,055,000   25.1   6.7   43.6   12.2   25.7   11.8   15.3   13.1  
Private1 1,631,000   4.1   3.3   34.4 ! #          
Catholic 615,000   2.6 !     #     #     #  
Other religious 300,000   7.0 !   #   #   #     #   #  
Nonsectarian 347,000         #       #   #  
                                     
Locale                                    
City 6,902,000   24.3   6.7   48.8   10.3   29.8   9.9   20.2   11.8  
Suburb 9,548,000   23.0   5.9   45.0   17.2   31.7   9.7 ! 10.5   13.3  
Town 2,563,000   28.9   7.5   47.4     15.2 ! 17.9 ! 15.9 ! 11.8 !
Rural 4,606,000   21.4   6.7   30.3   8.6 ! 15.4 ! 15.6 ! 14.7   13.5 !
                                     
Level2                                    
Primary 1,290,000   10.6   3.4       30.9 ! 27.5 !    
Middle 7,214,000   25.0   8.0   44.0   13.2   23.7   11.6   11.6   10.4  
High 13,381,000   25.3   5.8   43.8   12.0   27.5   9.5   17.6   16.9  
Other 1,795,000   15.6   8.0   46.1     21.7 ! 20.9 !    
                                     
Enrollment size                                    
Less than 300 2,445,000   14.0   5.8   24.7 !   22.3 ! 15.4 !    
300–599 3,972,000   21.9   6.8   32.4   9.1 ! 14.1 ! 17.2 ! 14.4 ! 15.0 !
600–999 5,644,000   21.9   7.1   40.3   16.9   26.2   12.8   12.6   10.9  
1,000–1,499 4,692,000   25.2   6.9   52.2   16.6 ! 32.9   8.9 ! 13.3   16.5 !
1,500–1,999 3,178,000   32.6   6.1   51.8   12.1 ! 24.3   15.2 ! 19.3 !  
2,000 or more 3,572,000   25.1   5.4   55.8   4.1 ! 31.7     21.0 ! 20.1 !
                                     
Student to full–time–equivalent
(FTE) teacher ratio
                                   
Less than 13 students 3,769,000   17.2   6.5   37.1   18.4 ! 27.9   13.6 ! 13.0 ! 8.4 !
13 to less than 16 students 6,007,000   26.0   7.1   45.0   7.0 ! 21.4   17.3   17.0   9.7 !
16 to less than 20 students 7,483,000   25.1   6.7   38.0   12.2   19.2   10.7 ! 12.6   16.3  
20 or more students 5,324,000   24.3   6.2   54.2   10.5   35.2   6.6 ! 17.5   15.3 !
                                     
Percent of combined Black/
African American,
Hispanic/Latino, Asian/
Native Hawaiian/Other
Pacific Islander, American
Indian/Alaska Native, and
Two or more races students
                                   
Less than 5 percent 1,217,000   14.9   4.4     43.7 !        
5 to less than 20 percent 4,886,000   25.5   7.1   32.4   8.6 ! 13.8   9.4 ! 11.3   17.2  
20 to less than 50 percent 6,532,000   26.2   6.2   37.2   13.5   15.7   14.4   15.6   12.2  
50 percent or more 10,571,000   22.6   6.8   55.2   10.1   36.6   11.0   17.4   11.4  
                                     
Percent of students eligible for
free or reduced–price
lunch3
                                   
0 to less than 20 percent 3,850,000   25.7   6.5   30.1   32.8   32.0     9.2 ! 12.2 !
20 to less than 50 percent 8,175,000   25.1   5.9   41.6   10.2 ! 21.3   20.5   16.3   11.6  
50 percent or more 9,397,000   25.1   7.4   48.5   6.6   26.3   9.7   14.2   14.0  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is 30 to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Total for private schools includes: Roman Catholic schools, other religious schools, nonsectarian schools, and schools with no religious affiliation data reported.
2 The School Crime Supplement sample includes students ages 12 through 18 who were enrolled in grades 6 through 12 and, therefore, might not be representative of students in primary schools. Comparisons between students in primary schools and those in other school levels should be made with caution.
3 Data on free or reduced–price lunch eligibility are only available for public schools.
NOTE: Tabular data include only students who reported being enrolled in grades 6 through 12 and not receiving any of their education through homeschooling during the school year reported. “At school” includes the school building, school property, school bus, or going to and from school. Perceived personal characteristic totals may sum to more than 100 percent because students could have reported hearing more than one type of hate–related word. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing data. Totals are based on respondents for whom school match are available. Population estimates for school characteristics are based on respondents for whom data on school are available (94.7 percent of students). Population estimate for all students meeting the age, grade, and school criteria is 25,023,000.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey, 2017.