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Table 5.  Percentage distribution of students ages 12 through 18 who reported seeing hate–related graffiti or being called a hate–related word at school, by selected student characteristics: School year 2016–17
 
  Estimated
number of
students
  Saw
hate–related
graffiti at school
  Called any
hate–related
words at school
  Of those who were called a hate–related
word at school, word was related to
Student characteristic       Race   Religion   Ethnicity   Disability   Gender   Sexual
orientation
 
All students 25,023,000   23.2   6.4   43.7   11.7   26.1   11.5   15.4   12.7  
 
Sex
Male 12,771,000   22.6   6.0   48.3   16.8   28.6   13.1   6.9   10.5  
Female 12,252,000   23.8   6.9   39.5   7.0   23.9   10.2   23.1   14.7  
 
Race/ethnicity1
White, not Hispanic or Latino 13,175,000   24.0   6.1   26.1   14.8   11.6   17.5   16.6   19.0  
Black, not Hispanic or Latino 3,415,000   24.8   7.4   68.1     21.0 !   21.4 !  
Hispanic or Latino 6,017,000   21.0   6.3   52.5   6.8 ! 52.3   4.3 ! 12.4   7.3 !
Asian, not Hispanic or Latino 1,486,000   14.6   4.8   85.0   32.2 ! 51.2   #     #  
All other races, not Hispanic
or Latino
930,000   34.1   9.9   63.7     39.5        
 
Grade2
6th 2,125,000   20.6   6.7   34.6     14.6 ! 18.6 !   #  
7th 3,897,000   21.2   7.3   43.5   7.5 ! 30.7   13.7 ! 15.7   14.2 !
8th 4,162,000   22.4   7.0   41.9   19.9   18.0   11.8 ! 12.9 ! 10.7 !
9th 3,793,000   25.2   8.2   43.8   11.4 ! 26.9     20.5   12.6 !
10th 3,847,000   27.0   6.3   47.0   12.1 ! 28.7   13.1 ! 16.6 ! 19.4 !
11th 3,612,000   22.6   4.7   46.5   10.3 ! 29.7   22.3 ! 18.0 ! 11.7 !
12th 3,587,000   22.2   4.6   47.0     33.7     13.6 ! 16.4 !
 
Household income
Less than $7,500 679,000   27.7   8.0   49.6 ! #         #  
$7,500–14,999 1,192,000   20.5   8.4   54.2     28.3 !      
$15,000–24,999 2,374,000   23.2   6.3   34.4     15.3 !     17.1 !
$25,000–34,999 2,503,000   22.2   8.8   46.4     46.8   18.8 ! 12.7 ! 15.9 !
$35,000–49,999 3,633,000   20.9   6.5   52.9     26.1     18.8   10.4 !
$50,000 or more 14,642,000   24.0   5.8   40.4   16.1   23.2   10.6   17.1   13.1  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is 30 to 50 percent of the estimate's value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic or Latino origin were classified as “Hispanic or Latino,” regardless of their race. “Black, not Hispanic or Latino” includes African Americans. “All other races, not Hispanic or Latino” includes Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders, American Indians or Alaska Natives, and respondents of Two or more races (3.7 percent of all respondents).
2The School Crime Supplement sample includes students ages 12 through 18 and, therefore, might not be representative of students in 6th grade. Comparisons between students in 6th grade and those in other grades should be made with caution.
NOTE: Tabular data include only students who reported being enrolled in grades 6 through 12 and not receiving any of their education through homeschooling during the school year reported. “At school” includes the school building, school property, school bus, or going to and from school. Perceived personal characteristic totals may sum to more than 100 percent because students could have reported hearing more than one type of hate–related word. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing data. Population estimate for all students meeting the age, grade, and school criteria is 25,023,000.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey, 2017.