Skip Navigation

Were you contacted about the 2023–24 PSS? Please contact the U.S. Census Bureau pss@census.gov or 1-888-329-5890 for more information. Questions about the survey? Click here for PSS participant information!

Private School Universe Survey (PSS)


Table 4. Number and percentage distribution of private schools, by urbanicity type and selected characteristics: United States, 2015–16

 
Selected characteristic Total   City   Suburban   Town   Rural
Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent
Total 34,576  100.0  11,476  100.0  12,662  100.0  2,900  100.0   7,539  100.0
                     
Private school typology                     
Catholic 7,008   20.3   2,884  25.1  2,691  21.3  833  28.7   600  8.0
Parochial 2,734   7.9   1,021  8.9  1,116  8.8  354  12.2   244  3.2
Diocesan 3,129   9.0   1,356  11.8  1,142  9.0  415  14.3   215  2.9
Private 1,145   3.3   507  4.4  433  3.4  64  2.2   141  1.9
                      
Other religious 16,264  47.0  4,552  39.7  4,604  36.4  1,632  56.3   5,476  72.6
Conservative Christian 4,154  12.0  1,054  9.2  1,485  11.7  659  22.7   955  12.7
Other affiliated 3,156  9.1  1,158  10.1  1,016  8.0  230  7.9   753  10.0
Unaffiliated 8,954  25.9  2,340  20.4  2,103  16.6  743  25.6   3,768  50.0
                      
Nonsectarian 11,304  32.7  4,040  35.2  5,367  42.4  434  15.0   1,463  19.4
Regular 5,287  15.3  1,795  15.6  2,547  20.1  158  5.4   787  10.4
Special emhasis   4,408  12.7  1,715  14.9  2,028  16.0  188  6.5   477  6.3
Special education 1,610  4.7  530  4.6  792  6.3  89 ! 3.1 ! 199  2.6
                     
School level                              
Elementary 21,907   63.4   7,342   64.0   8,551   61.7   1,781   61.4   4,223   56.2
Secondary 2,946  8.5  1,217  10.6  930  7.3  198  6.8   601  8.0
Combined 9,723  28.1  2,917  25.4  3,181  25.1  921  31.8   2,704  35.9
                     
Program emphasis
                    
Regular elementary/secondary 23,524  68.0  7,496  65.3  7,285  57.5  2,394  82.6   6,349  84.2
Montessori 3,449  10.0  1,278  11.1  1,756  13.9  147  5.1   267  3.5
Special program emphasis  1,017  2.9  432  3.8  292  2.3  40  1.4   
Special education 1,857  5.4  605  5.3  924  7.3  94 ! 3.2 ! 235  3.1
Vocational/technical           
Alternative 1,147  3.3  456  4.0  316  2.5  106 ! 3.7 ! 268  3.6
Early childhood 3,563  10.3  1,204  10.5  2,079  16.4  117  4.0   164  2.2
                     
Size (number of students)                    
Less than 50 15,993  46.3  4,178  36.4  5,648  44.6  1,243  42.9   4,925  65.3
50-149 8,293  24.0  2,749  24.0  2,884  22.8  1,034  35.7   1,625  21.6
150-299 5,692  16.5  2,409  21.0  2,195  17.3  415  14.3   673  8.9
300-499 2,514  7.3  1,123  9.8  1,070  8.5  109  3.8   212  2.8
500-749 1,288  3.7  561  4.9  568  4.5        0.9
750 or more 796  2.3  456  4.0  298  2.4        0.5
                     
Region                    
Northeast 7,771  22.5  1,945  17.0  3,667  29.0  294  10.1   1,865  24.7
Midwest  8,985  26.0  2,428  21.2  2,639  20.8  1,201  41.4   2,717  36.0
South  11,328  32.8  4,173  36.4  3,998  31.6  921  31.8   2,235  29.6
West 6,491  18.8  2,930  25.5  2,357  18.6  483  16.7   722  9.6
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent (i.e. the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. There are fewer than 15 sample cases, or CV for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding or missing values in cells with too few sample cases. These estimates include private schools that provide instruction for one or more of grades kindergarten through twelve (or comparable ungraded levels).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 2015–16.