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Private School Universe Survey (PSS)



Table 4. Number and percentage distribution of private schools, by urbanicity type and selected characteristics: United States, 2019–20
 
Selected characteristic Total   City   Suburban   Town   Rural
Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent
Total 30,492   100.0   10,445   100.0   11,670   100.0   2,476   100.0   5,901   100.0
                                       
Private school typology                                      
Catholic 6,449   21.2   2,630   25.2   2,418   20.7   898   36.3   503   8.5
Parochial 2,196   7.2   829   7.9   842   7.2   367   14.8   157   2.7
Diocesan 3,081   10.1   1,226   11.7   1,179   10.1   450   18.2   226   3.8
Private 1,172   3.8   575   5.5   397   3.4   81 ! 3.3 ! 120   2.0
                                       
Other religious 13,794   45.2   4,086   39.1   4,359   37.4   1,179   47.6   4,170   70.7
Conservative Christian 3,698   12.1   1,045   10.0   1,273   10.9   456   18.4   924   15.7
Other affiliated 3,134   10.3   1,244   11.9   1,127   9.7   266   10.7   497   8.4
Unaffiliated 6,962   22.8   1,796   17.2   1,958   16.8   458   18.5   2,749   46.6
                                       
Nonsectarian 10,249   33.6   3,730   35.7   4,893   41.9   398   16.1   1,228   20.8
Regular 4,985   16.3   1,773   17.0   2,432   20.8   171   6.9   608   10.3
Special emphasis   3,470   11.4   1,322   12.7   1,608   13.8   166   6.7   374   6.3
Special education 1,794   5.9   634   6.1   853   7.3   61   2.5   246   4.2
                                       
School level1                                      
Elementary 18,890   61.9   6,445   61.7   7,560   64.8   1,555   62.8   3,329   56.4
Secondary 3,479   11.4   1,437   13.8   1,226   10.5   189   7.7   626   10.6
Combined 8,124   26.6   2,563   24.5   2,884   24.7   731   29.5   1,946   33.0
                                       
Program emphasis
                                     
Regular elementary/secondary 21,083   69.1   7,086   67.8   6,998   60.0   2,074   83.8   4,925   83.5
Montessori 2,566   8.4   974   9.3   1,273   10.9   126   5.1   193   3.3 !
Special program emphasis  929   3.0   397   3.8   352   3.0   55   2.2   125   2.1
Special education 2,025   6.6   723   6.9   966   8.3   67   2.7   269   4.6
Vocational/technical                   
Alternative 843   2.8   305   2.9   321   2.8   47   1.9   169   2.9
Early childhood 3,033   9.9   954   9.1   1,755   15.0   106   4.3   217   3.7 !
                                       
Size (number of students)                                      
Less than 50 12,636   41.4   3,476   33.3   4,820   41.3   844   34.1   3,497   59.3
50-149 8,223   27.0   2,690   25.8   2,988   25.6   1,071   43.3   1,473   25.0
150-299 5,271   17.3   2,161   20.7   2,086   17.9   420   17.0   603   10.2
300-499 2,460   8.1   1,098   10.5   1,033   8.8   108   4.4   221   3.7
500-749 1,064   3.5   534   5.1   441   3.8   23   0.9   66   1.1
750 or more 838   2.7   486   4.7   303   2.6       41   0.7
                                       
Region                                      
Northeast 6,739   22.1   1,643   15.7   3,171   27.2   271   10.9   1,654   28.0
Midwest  7,057   23.1   1,877   18.0   2,295   19.7   1,003   40.5   1,882   31.9
South  10,671   35.0   4,085   39.1   4,077   34.9   724   29.3   1,785   30.2
West 6,025   19.8   2,840   27.2   2,127   18.2   478   19.3   581   9.8
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent (i.e. the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. There are fewer than 15 sample cases.
1 Schools are assigned to one of three school level categories in the 2019–20 PSS: Elementary/Middle, High/secondary, and Combined/other. Elementary/middle schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades K through 4 than in higher grades or that enroll students in more of grades 5 through 8 than in higher or lower grades. High/secondary schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades 9 through 12 than in lower grades. Combined/other schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools. School level categories in the 2019–20 PSS differ from those in previous survey administrations; caution should be exercised when comparing estimates by level over time.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding or missing values in cells with too few sample cases. These estimates include private schools which provide instruction for one or more of grades kindergarten through twelve (or comparable ungraded levels).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 2019–20.