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Private School Universe Survey (PSS)



Table 1. Number and percentage distribution of private schools, students, and full-time equivalent (FTE) teachers, by selected characteristics: United States, 2019–20
 
Selected characteristic Schools   Students   FTE teachers
Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent
Total 30,492   100.0   4,652,904   100.0   481,200   100.0
                       
Private school typology                      
Catholic 6,449   21.2   1,742,968   37.5   139,996   29.1
Parochial 2,196   7.2   493,142   10.6   38,473   8.0
Diocesan 3,081   10.1   833,231   17.9   65,198   13.5
Private 1,172   3.8   416,595   9.0   36,324   7.5
                       
Other religious 13,794   45.2   1,812,687   39.0   185,988   38.7
Conservative Christian 3,698   12.1   590,997   12.7   57,680   12.0
Other affiliated 3,134   10.3   572,256   12.3   61,711   12.8
Unaffiliated 6,962   22.8   649,434   14.0   66,597   13.8
                       
Nonsectarian 10,249   33.6   1,097,249   23.6   155,217   32.3
Regular 4,985   16.3   750,327   16.1   98,789   20.5
Special emphasis   3,470   11.4   227,108   4.9   32,944   6.8
Special education 1,794   5.9   119,815   2.6   23,484   4.9
                       
School level1                      
Elementary/Middle 18,890   61.9   2,003,418   43.1   198,383   41.2
Secondary/High 3,479   11.4   896,318   19.3   87,620   18.2
Combined/Other 8,124   26.6   1,753,168   37.7   195,198   40.6
                       
Program emphasis
                     
Regular elementary/secondary 21,083   69.1   4,145,030   89.1   403,777   83.9
Montessori 2,566   8.4   98,631   2.1   17,758   3.7
Special program emphasis  929   3.0   149,666   3.2   17,478   3.6
Special education 2,025   6.6   133,136   2.9   25,761   5.4
Vocational/technical           
Alternative 843   2.8   75,994   1.6   7,638   1.6
Early childhood 3,033   9.9   49,244   1.1   8,630   1.8
                       
Size (number of students)                      
Less than 50 12,636   41.4   270,534   5.8   48,372   10.1
50-149 8,223   27.0   757,820   16.3   95,329   19.8
150-299 5,271   17.3   1,106,966   23.8   108,689   22.6
300-499 2,460   8.1   939,168   20.2   86,770   18.0
500-749 1,064   3.5   643,984   13.8   60,676   12.6
750 or more 838   2.7   934,433   20.1   81,365   16.9
                       
Region                      
Northeast 6,739   22.1   982,265   21.1   114,510   23.8
Midwest  7,057   23.1   1,062,916   22.8   97,337   20.2
South  10,671   35.0   1,695,730   36.4   180,843   37.6
West 6,025   19.8   911,994   19.6   88,510   18.4
                       
Urbanicity type                      
City 10,445   34.3   2,057,808   44.2   210,716   43.8
Suburban 11,670   38.3   1,819,082   39.1   188,092   39.1
Town 2,476   8.1   269,057   5.8   27,199   5.7
Rural 5,901   19.4   506,957   10.9   55,194   11.5
‡ Reporting standards not met. There are fewer than 15 sample cases.
1 Schools are assigned to one of three school level categories in the 2019–20 PSS: Elementary/Middle, High/secondary, and Combined/other. Elementary/middle schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades K through 4 than in higher grades or that enroll students in more of grades 5 through 8 than in higher or lower grades. High/secondary schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades 9 through 12 than in lower grades. Combined/other schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools. School level categories in the 2019–20 PSS differ from those in previous survey administrations; caution should be exercised when comparing estimates by level over time.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding or missing values in cells with too few sample cases. These estimates include private schools which provide instruction for one or more of grades kindergarten through twelve (or comparable ungraded levels).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 2019–20.