Skip Navigation

Reading Literacy: Average Scores


Overall

Excel File Excel Download

Table R1. Average scores of 15-year-old students on the PISA reading literacy scale, by education system: 2015
Education system Average score s.e.   Education system Average score s.e.
OECD average 493   0.5          
Singapore 535 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.6   Hungary 470 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.7
Hong Kong (China) 527 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.7   Greece 467 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 4.3
Canada 527 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.3   Chile 459 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.6
Finland 526 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.5   Slovak Republic 453 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.8
Ireland 521 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.5   Malta 447 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.8
Estonia 519 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.2   Cyprus 443 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.7
Korea, Republic of 517 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.5   Uruguay 437 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.5
Japan 516 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.2   Romania 434 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 4.1
Norway 513 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.5   United Arab Emirates 434 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.9
New Zealand 509 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.4   Bulgaria 432 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 5.0
Germany 509 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.0   Turkey 428 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 4.0
Macau (China) 509 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.3   Costa Rica 427 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.6
Poland 506 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.5   Trinidad and Tobago 427 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.5
Slovenia 505 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.5   Montenegro, Republic of 427 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.6
Netherlands 503   2.4   Colombia 425 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.9
Australia 503   1.7   Mexico 423 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.6
Sweden 500   3.5   Moldova, Republic of 416 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.5
Denmark 500   2.5   Thailand 409 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.3
France 499   2.5   Jordan 408 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.9
Belgium 499   2.4   Brazil 407 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.8
Portugal 498   2.7   Albania 405 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 4.1
United Kingdom 498   2.8   Qatar 402 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.0
Chinese Taipei 497   2.5   Georgia 401 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.0
United States 497   3.4   Peru 398 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.9
Spain 496   2.4   Indonesia 397 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.9
Russian Federation 495   3.1   Tunisia 361 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.1
B-S-J-G (China) 494   5.1   Dominican Republic 358 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.1
Switzerland 492   3.0   Macedonia, Republic of 352 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.4
Latvia 488 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.8   Algeria 350 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.0
Czech Republic 487 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.6   Kosovo 347 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.6
Croatia 487 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.7   Lebanon 347 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 4.4
Vietnam 487 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.7          
Austria 485 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.8          
Italy 485 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.7          
Iceland 482 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.0   U.S. states and territories      
Luxembourg 481 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 1.4      
Israel 479 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 3.8   Massachusetts 527 Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 6.0
Buenos Aires (Argentina) 475 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 7.2   North Carolina 500   5.4
Lithuania 472 Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. 2.7   Puerto Rico 410   7.1
Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. Average score is higher than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance.
Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance. Average score is lower than U.S. average score at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by 2015 average score. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. All average scores reported as higher or lower than the U.S. average score are different at the .05 level of statistical significance. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. B-S-J-G (China) refers to the four PISA participating China provinces: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Guangdong. Results for Massachusetts and North Carolina are for public school students only. Although Argentina, Malaysia, and Kazakhstan participated in PISA 2015, technical problems with their samples prevent results from being discussed in this report. This table corresponds to table 2 in Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Mathematics, and Reading Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2017-048).
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015.