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Collaborative Problem Solving: Student Race/Ethnicity


Proficiency Levels

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Table CPS9. Percentage distribution of U.S. 15-year-old students on the PISA collaborative problem solving scale, by proficiency level and race/ethnicity: 2015
Race/ethnicity—United States Below level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e.
U.S. average 4.9   0.51 18.9 ** 0.95 32.7 ** 0.76 29.7   1.01 13.8 ** 1.01
White 2.6 * 0.41 12.6 * 0.97 30.1 ** 1.19 34.9 * 1.38 19.7 * 1.43
Black 9.5 * 1.66 29.3 * 2.64 36.1   2.55 21.1 * 2.33 4.1 * 1.15
Hispanic 6.1   0.9098 23.6 *** 1.72 36.4 *** 1.52 25.7 *** 1.53 8.3 *** 1.11
Asian   14.4 ** 3.99 24.2 ** 4.57 32.1   4.20 26.5 * 4.55
Multiracial 4.2 ! 1.49 17.7   2.94 32.3   2.94 32.4   3.48 13.4   2.93
OECD average 5.7   0.10 22.4 *** 0.16 36.2 *** 0.18 27.8   0.17 7.9 *** 0.11
                               
Race/ethnicity—Massachusetts Below level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e.
U.S. average 4.9   0.51 18.9 ** 0.95 32.7 ** 0.76 29.7   1.01 13.8 ** 1.01
Massachusetts average 2.7 * 0.60 12.8 * 1.48 29.6 ** 1.83 35.0 * 1.91 19.9 * 1.92
White 1.6 * 0.46 10.2 * 1.36 27.4 * 1.91 38.5 * 2.10 22.4 * 2.06
Black   21.0   5.42 35.3   7.29 26.3   6.96 11.1 ! 3.90
Hispanic 6.2 ! 2.55 22.9   4.33 38.7   5.20 22.1 *** 3.55 10.1 ! 3.34
Asian   8.3 !* 3.97 26.8   5.55 37.2   6.28 26.8 * 5.74
Multiracial   11.2 !** 4.50 31.5   7.22 37.7   7.57 17.0 ! 5.64
OECD average 5.7   0.10 22.4 *** 0.16 36.2 *** 0.18 27.8   0.17 7.9 *** 0.11
                               
Race/ethnicity—North Carolina Below level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e. Percent s.e.
U.S. average 4.9   0.51 18.9 ** 0.95 32.7 ** 0.76 29.7   1.01 13.8 ** 1.01
North Carolina average 3.9 ** 0.62 18.2 ** 1.52 32.4 ** 1.67 31.7   1.98 13.8 ** 1.55
White 2.6 * 0.68 13.2 * 1.52 29.7 ** 2.23 36.5 * 2.54 18.0 * 1.89
Black 6.5   1.62 29.3 * 3.28 36.5   3.71 22.3 *** 2.87 5.4 !*** 1.78
Hispanic 5.2 ! 1.93 20.8   4.16 35.2   4.10 27.1   4.19 11.7   3.05
Asian     27.9 ! 8.56 39.2   10.37 23.6 !** 7.83
Multiracial 4.3 ! 1.91 20.1   3.61 34.9   4.70 30.4   4.53 10.2   2.76
OECD average 5.7   0.10 22.4 *** 0.16 36.2 *** 0.18 27.8   0.17 7.9 *** 0.11
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution. Estimate is unstable due to high coefficient of variation (>30 percent and ≤50 percent).
‡ Reporting standards not met due to coefficient of variation over 50 percent.
* p<.05. Significantly different from both the U.S. and OECD averages at the .05 level of statistical significance.
** p<.05. Significantly different from the OECD average at the .05 level of statistical significance.
*** p<.05. Significantly different from the U.S. average at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. To reach a particular proficiency level, a student must correctly answer a majority of items at that level. Students were classified into proficiency levels according to their scores. Exact cut scores are as follows: below level 1 (a score less than 340); level 1 (a score greater than or equal to 340 and less than 440); level 2 (a score greater than or equal to 440 and less than 540); level 3 (a score greater than or equal to 540 and less than 640); and level 4 (a score greater than or equal to 640). Proficiency level 1 and below level 1 are sometimes combined and referred to as below level 2 in reports. Descriptions of the skills and knowledge demonstrated by students at each proficiency level are available in exhibit CPS1. Reporting standards were not met for American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander. Black includes African American, and Hispanic includes Latino. Students who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race. Although data for some race/ethnicities were not shown separately because the reporting standards were not met, they are included in the U.S., Massachusetts, and North Carolina totals. The OECD average is the average of the national percentages of the 32 OECD member countries that participated in the collaborative problem solving assessment, with each system weighted equally. Standard error is noted by s.e. Results for Massachusetts and North Carolina are for public school students only. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015.