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PIRLS and ePIRLS Results

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Table 11. ePIRLS online informational reading average scale scores of fourth-grade students, by education system: 2016
Education system Online average
scale score
↑↓ s.e.
ePIRLS scale centerpoint1 500 0.0
Singapore2 588 3.0
Norway (5)3 568 2.2
Ireland 567 2.5
Sweden 559 | 2.3
Denmark4 558 | 2.2
United States5 557 | 2.6
Chinese Taipei-CHN 546 2.0
Canada6,7 543 3.2
Israel2 536 2.3
Italy 532 2.1
Slovenia 525 1.9
Portugal7 522 2.2
Georgia6 477 3.3
United Arab Emirates 468 2.2
Benchmarking education systems | | |
Dubai-UAE 528 1.6
Abu Dhabi-UAE 431 4.1
| Blank cell.
↑ Score is higher than U.S. average score.
↓ Score is lower than U.S. average score.
1 The ePIRLS scale centerpoint is set at 500 points and represents the mean of the overall PIRLS achievement distribution in 2001. ePIRLS results are reported on the PIRLS reading achievement scale.
2 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).
3 The number in parentheses indicates the grade level. For ePIRLS 2016, Norway assessed students in the fifth grade to obtain better comparisons with Sweden.
4 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.
5 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
6 National Target Population does not include all of the International Target Population.
7 National Defined Population covers 90 to 95 percent of the National Target Population.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by online average scale score. Italics indicate participants identified as a non-national entity that represents a portion of a country. All average scores reported as higher or lower than the U.S. average score are different at the05 level of statistical significance. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one education system may be significant while a large apparent difference between the United States and another education system may not be significant. Standard error is abbreviated as s.e.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2016.