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PIRLS and ePIRLS Results

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Table 10. PIRLS overall reading average scale scores of U.S. fourth-grade students, by sex, race/ethnicity, and percentage of public school students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch: 2016
Characteristics Average
score
↑↓ s.e.
U.S. overall 549 | 3.1
Sex | | |
Male 545 | 3.6
Female 553 | 3.2
Race/Ethnicity | | |
White 571 3.0
Black 518 4.6
Hispanic 525 5.2
Asian 591 8.6
All other races 545 | 5.1
Percentage of students in public school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch | | |
Less than 10 percent 587 7.7
10 to 24.9 percent 592 6.0
25 to 49.9 percent 566 5.3
50 to 74.9 percent 546 | 4.8
75 percent or more 516 4.8
| Blank cell.
↑ Score is higher than U.S. average score at the05 level of statistical significance.
↓ Score is lower than U.S. average score at the05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: The U.S. met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included. Black includes African American, and Hispanic includes Latino. All other races includes American Indian or Alaskan Native; Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander; or Two or more races. Racial categories exclude Hispanic origin. Students who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race. Analyses for free or reduced-price lunch are limited to public schools only, based on school reports of the percentage of students in public school eligible for the federal free or reduced-price lunch program. Standard error is abbreviated as s.e.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2016.