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PIRLS and ePIRLS Results

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Table 7. Trends in percentages of U.S. fourth-grade students reaching the PIRLS international benchmarks: 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016
Benchmark 2001
Percent
2001
▲▼
2001
s.e.
2006
Percent
2006
▲▼
2006
s.e.
2011
Percent
2011
▲▼
2011
s.e.
2016
Percent
2016
s.e.
Advanced (625) 15 | 1.1 12 1.1 17 | 0.7 16 1.3
High (550) 50 | 2.1 47 1.9 56 | 0.8 53 1.6
Intermediate (475) 80 | 1.7 82 | 1.4 86 0.6 83 1.2
Low (400) 94 0.7 96 | 0.6 98 0.2 96 0.5
| Blank cell.
▲ Percentage is larger than the 2016 percentage at the05 level of statistical significance.
▼ Percentage is smaller than the 2016 percentage at the05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: U.S. trend tables show data for all available years. In 2001, 2006, and 2016, the United States met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included. In 2011, the National Defined Population covered 90 percent to 95 percent of the National Target Population. Standard error is abbreviated as s.e.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016.