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Percentage distribution of public school teachers by sex, race/ethnicity, school level, and main teaching assignment: 2017–18

  Male   Female
Main teaching assignment and selected school characteristics Total   Hispanic,
regardless of race1
  White, non-Hispanic   Black, non-Hispanic   Other2   Total   Hispanic,
regardless of race1
  White, non-Hispanic   Black, non-Hispanic   Other2  
  All public schools 23.5   9.8   78.9   6.5   4.8   76.5   9.2   79.4   6.8   4.6  
                                         
Public elementary schools 11.4   13.5   73.9   7.5   5.1   88.6   10.1   78.7   6.6   4.5  
  Teacher main assignment                                        
 Early childhood or general elementary 7.7   18.4   65.7   10.0   6.0   92.3   10.1   78.8   6.7   4.5  
 Special education 7.5   7.4 ! 78.9   7.6 ! 6.1 ! 92.5   7.9   80.4   7.8   4.0  
 Arts or music 24.0   4.7 ! 86.9   3.3 ! 5.1 ! 76.0   5.2   86.3   3.7   4.8  
 English and language arts 5.9   9.6 ! 78.2   6.3 ! 5.9 ! 94.1   7.6   80.4   8.3   3.7  
 ESL or bilingual education 8.6   43.8   48.4       91.4   36.2   56.6   1.7 ! 5.5 !
 Foreign languages 21.1   54.2   24.3 !     78.9   50.5   42.2     6.2 !
 Health education 59.2   9.4   82.5   6.0   2.1 ! 40.8   2.7 ! 88.7   3.2 ! 5.4 !
 Mathematics 23.7   13.2   74.5   6.8 ! 5.6 ! 76.3   5.6   78.0   9.7   6.7 !
 Natural sciences 28.0   4.5 ! 84.4       72.0   15.9   67.9   10.7   5.5 !
 Social sciences 29.1   13.2 ! 76.2       70.9   10.3 ! 74.4   10.7 !  
 Career or technical education 21.8   #   96.6     #   78.2     81.1   11.3 !  
 All other 14.5     82.9       85.5   8.7   84.3   2.7 ! 4.4 !
                                         
  Community type                                         
 City 13.0   18.8   62.2   12.8   6.2   87.0   15.2   68.4   11.7   4.7  
 Suburban  10.1   15.4   74.0   6.1   4.4   89.9   10.5   79.0   5.1   5.4  
 Town  9.9   8.4 ! 83.5   2.9 ! 5.3 ! 90.1   6.1   86.5   3.7   3.6  
 Rural  12.3   3.4   89.6   2.8 ! 4.2   87.7   3.5   90.5   3.2   2.7  
                                          
  Percent of K–12 students who were approved
  for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
 0–34 10.4   3.7   91.1     3.1   89.6   4.0   90.0   1.7   4.3  
 35–49 11.4   5.2 ! 85.6   5.3 ! 3.9   88.6   6.4   87.0   3.8   2.8  
 50–74 10.0   13.4   76.8   4.7   5.2   90.0   8.0   84.0   3.9   4.0  
 75 or more 12.9   21.8   59.2   12.4   6.7   87.1   17.4   63.9   13.0   5.6  
                                          
  Region                                        
 Northeast 13.2   5.0   85.9   5.7 ! 3.4 ! 86.8   6.7   86.0   4.2   3.1  
 Midwest 12.3   4.4 ! 86.4   5.8   3.4 ! 87.7   4.5   89.5   3.8   2.3  
 South 9.4   21.0   62.2   13.7   3.1   90.6   12.0   73.4   11.2   3.4  
 West 12.8   19.9   66.9   1.8 ! 11.4   87.2   15.6   71.8   2.2   10.4  
                                         
  Percent of students who were non-White                                        
 0-24 11.7   0.9 ! 95.6   0.9 ! 2.6 ! 88.3   1.7   96.3   0.6   1.4  
 25-49 10.4   3.6   90.2     4.0   89.6   4.2   91.0   1.8   3.1  
 50-74 9.9   12.3   73.5   8.3   5.9   90.1   8.6   81.0   5.9   4.5  
 75 or more 12.8   30.2   46.9   15.5   7.4   87.2   23.2   52.7   16.0   8.1  
                                         
Public middle schools 27.9   9.9   78.7   7.2   4.2   72.1   8.6   79.4   7.9   4.2  
  Teacher main assignment                                        
 Early childhood or general elementary 20.4   12.6   72.3   12.5 ! 2.7 ! 79.6   9.2   78.6   7.2   5.1  
 Special education 18.1   7.8   76.8   13.2   2.1 ! 81.9   7.0   81.2   9.5   2.4  
 Arts or music 35.5   9.3   82.2   6.0   2.5 ! 64.5   8.7   81.4   4.7 ! 5.2  
 English and language arts 11.5   7.3   83.8   3.0 ! 5.9 ! 88.5   7.2   80.3   9.5   3.0  
 ESL or bilingual education 18.0   23.3 ! 71.7   #     82.0   22.3   72.2      
 Foreign languages 19.8   54.4   36.2       80.2   34.0   61.0     3.8 !
 Health education 51.6   8.3   83.0   6.2 ! 2.5 ! 48.4   5.6   81.8   7.8 ! 4.7 !
 Mathematics 29.9   6.9   75.4   8.8   8.9   70.1   7.9   79.1   6.9   6.1  
 Natural sciences 29.0   9.8   79.9   3.8   6.5   71.0   7.6   79.6   8.4   4.4  
 Social sciences 46.3   8.9   81.2   6.7 ! 3.2   53.7   7.7   80.8   7.5   3.9  
 Career or technical education 45.1   13.7 ! 78.6   6.7 !   54.9   4.2 ! 77.5   12.6   5.7 !
 All other 41.3     85.0     #   58.7     80.3   8.3 !  
                                         
  Community type                                         
 City 30.4   16.4   67.8   10.8   5.0   69.6   13.3   67.5   12.8   6.3  
 Suburban  26.5   8.7   80.6   5.9   4.7   73.5   8.0   81.3   6.8   3.9  
 Town  31.4   6.2   84.9   4.4 ! 4.4   68.6   5.5   87.5   4.2   2.7  
 Rural  25.0   4.1   89.0   6.0 ! 0.9 ! 75.0   4.8   86.8   5.9   2.5  
                                          
  Percent of K–12 students who were approved
  for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
 0–34 26.8   5.0   88.5   2.4 ! 4.1   73.2   4.8   88.6   3.0   3.5  
 35–49 27.0   5.3   89.9   2.6 ! 2.1 ! 73.0   6.2   86.6   3.8   3.4  
 50–74 27.6   7.9   81.7   6.7   3.8   72.4   6.4   81.2   8.7   3.6  
 75 or more 30.1   18.7   60.7   14.6   6.0   69.9   16.5   62.1   15.5   5.8  
                                          
  Region                                        
 Northeast 25.9   4.8   91.0   2.9 ! 1.2 ! 74.1   6.9   87.3   2.8   3.0  
 Midwest 29.6   2.9   92.8   3.0 ! 1.2 ! 70.4   2.1   94.0   2.3 ! 1.7 !
 South 26.6   14.1   69.5   12.8   3.6   73.4   10.8   71.4   14.2   3.6  
 West 31.7   13.7   71.1   3.6 ! 11.5   68.3   12.5   73.7   3.3   10.4  
                                         
  Percent of students who were non-White                                        
 0-24 28.4   1.7 ! 96.9   0.5 ! 0.9 ! 71.6   2.3   95.4   0.9 ! 1.4  
 25-49 25.9   6.0   85.9   4.6   3.5   74.1   4.0   88.8   3.5   3.6  
 50-74 26.5   8.6   74.4   13.1   3.9   73.5   7.9   75.1   11.5   5.4  
 75 or more 30.2   25.0   52.6   13.5   8.9   69.8   22.6   51.5   18.5   7.4  
                                         
Public high schools 40.0   8.0   81.3   5.9   4.8   60.0   8.0   80.2   6.3   5.4  
  Teacher main assignment                                        
 Early childhood or general elementary 25.0   32.9 ! 61.2   #     75.0     85.6      
 Special education 25.3   10.1   78.0   7.4   4.5   74.7   4.6   85.5   6.0   3.9  
 Arts or music 42.8   5.5   83.3   6.0   5.2   57.2   5.6   87.0   2.5 ! 4.9  
 English and language arts 23.1   6.1   83.7   4.9   5.3   76.9   6.6   81.7   7.4   4.3  
 ESL or bilingual education 26.8   24.2 ! 46.4     25.5 ! 73.2   19.9   67.2   2.8 ! 10.1 !
 Foreign languages 21.7   34.0   58.3     3.5 ! 78.3   27.5   60.9   2.0 ! 9.6  
 Health education 66.0   5.8   81.9   8.8   3.5   34.0   7.0   84.7   5.9 ! 2.3 !
 Mathematics 40.2   8.8   79.1   6.3   5.8   59.8   6.1   81.7   6.2   6.0  
 Natural sciences 42.6   6.2   85.0   3.0   5.7   57.4   6.8   77.8   7.1   8.3  
 Social sciences 61.4   6.5   85.5   4.3   3.7   38.6   7.6   81.7   5.7   5.0  
 Career or technical education 44.8   6.5   82.6   7.0   4.0   55.2   5.2   81.3   11.1   2.5  
 All other 57.3   5.4   77.5   12.9   4.2   42.7   7.7   81.6   7.7   3.0 !
                                         
  Community type                                         
 City 39.4   10.6   74.3   9.0   6.1   60.6   10.7   70.0   11.6   7.8  
 Suburban  38.6   8.8   80.1   5.8   5.3   61.4   8.7   81.6   4.6   5.2  
 Town  43.2   6.2   87.0   2.6   4.1   56.8   5.2   87.2   3.9   3.6  
 Rural  41.7   4.4   89.1   3.9   2.6   58.3   4.6   87.9   4.2   3.3  
                                          
  Percent of K–12 students who were approved
  for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
 0–34 38.8   5.1   87.0   3.5   4.4   61.2   5.4   88.9   2.0   3.7  
 35–49 39.3   6.5   86.5   3.1   3.9   60.7   5.9   85.9   3.2   5.0  
 50–74 41.1   6.9   81.5   6.4   5.2   58.9   8.4   77.2   8.1   6.2  
 75 or more 40.4   15.3   66.7   11.8   6.2   59.6   14.4   62.9   15.0   7.6  
                                          
  Region                                        
 Northeast 38.6   4.4   88.3   5.2   2.1   61.4   5.9   87.3   2.7   4.1  
 Midwest 39.4   2.7   92.9   1.6   2.8   60.6   2.2   92.3   2.4   3.1  
 South 40.1   9.9   75.0   10.5   4.6   59.9   10.0   72.4   13.0   4.5  
 West 41.9   13.7   73.6   2.7   9.9   58.1   13.4   73.5   2.1   11.0  
                                         
  Percent of students who were non-White                                        
 0-24 39.7   2.0   95.0   0.8 ! 2.3   60.3   1.9   95.3   0.5 ! 2.2  
 25-49 40.1   3.5   88.9   4.4   3.3   59.9   5.4   88.1   2.4   4.1  
 50-74 40.4   9.1   80.8   4.4   5.7   59.6   8.4   79.0   5.6   6.9  
 75 or more 39.6   20.2   55.3   14.9   9.7   60.4   19.9   51.2   19.1   9.8  
                                         
Public combined schools 29.7   8.8   80.0   6.1   5.1   70.3   6.9   82.3   6.7   4.2  
  Teacher main assignment                                        
 Early childhood or general elementary 10.1   6.2 ! 77.9     7.9 ! 89.9   4.8   86.0   4.6   4.7  
 Special education 21.4   10.7   75.5   6.8 ! 7.0   78.6   4.8   83.8   6.9   4.4  
 Arts or music 29.3     89.7   5.5 !   70.7   3.0 ! 86.9   6.5 ! 3.6 !
 English and language arts 17.7   10.3   76.3   8.3 ! 5.1 ! 82.3   8.2   81.1   7.0   3.7  
 ESL or bilingual education     85.9   #     70.3          
 Foreign languages 23.9   56.7   38.9 ! #     76.1   32.1   60.2     5.8 !
 Health education 67.3   6.8 ! 81.0   9.3 ! 2.9 ! 32.7     92.1     2.2 !
 Mathematics 38.6   10.6 ! 76.1   6.9 ! 6.4 ! 61.4   7.4   79.0   8.9   4.7  
 Natural sciences 42.1   7.4 ! 82.2   5.9 ! 4.4 ! 57.9   11.0 ! 80.9   3.6 ! 4.6  
 Social sciences 58.3   5.1   89.3   2.5 ! 3.0 ! 41.7   8.5   78.4   9.4   3.7 !
 Career or technical education 45.9   7.6 ! 82.2   2.4 ! 7.8 ! 54.1     79.3   14.3 !  
 All other 28.9     69.3   20.1 !   71.1     92.0   3.5 !  
                                         
  Community type                                         
 City 31.8   14.2   64.8   14.3   6.7   68.2   13.4   65.0   16.1   5.5  
 Suburban  30.4   14.7   73.5   5.2 ! 6.6   69.6   13.2   75.3   7.5   4.0  
 Town  28.4   4.4 ! 87.5       71.6     91.9     3.9 !
 Rural  28.5   3.7   90.8   1.8 ! 3.8   71.5   1.9   92.4   2.1   3.6  
                                          
  Percent of K–12 students who were approved
  for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
 0–34 31.3   4.0 ! 90.5     4.1 ! 68.7   3.8   91.2   1.9 ! 3.2  
 35–49 28.9   3.7 ! 91.9     3.9 ! 71.1     92.5   2.2 ! 1.5 !
 50–74 28.2   11.6   79.9   4.9 ! 3.6   71.8   6.2   84.3   6.1   3.4  
 75 or more 32.2   11.8   67.0   13.8   7.3   67.8   11.3   67.0   14.4   7.2  
                                          
  Region                                        
 Northeast 30.7   5.7   85.2   5.0   4.0 ! 69.3   8.4   80.5   6.5   4.7  
 Midwest 28.2   1.6 ! 94.1   1.1 ! 3.1   71.8   1.7 ! 95.3     0.9 !
 South 30.7   14.9   68.8   11.1   5.2   69.3   9.1   74.3   13.0   3.7  
 West 29.3   10.7   75.0     9.2   70.7   9.7   77.5   2.8 ! 10.1  
                                         
  Percent of students who were non-White                                        
 0-24 29.1     95.7       70.9   0.6 ! 97.5   0.7 ! 1.2  
 25-49 28.0   3.2   90.5   2.9 ! 3.4   72.0   3.6   90.5   3.5 ! 2.4  
 50-74 27.4   9.9   77.9   3.4 ! 8.9   72.6   9.5   81.9   3.7   4.8  
 75 or more 33.9   18.8   54.2   18.4   8.5   66.1   16.8   52.2   21.1   9.9  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate).
1 Hispanic includes Latino.
2 Other includes American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic; Asian, non-Hispanic; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic; and two or more races, non-Hispanic.
NOTE: Details may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2017–18.