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Percentage distribution of teachers in public schools by sex, race/ethnicity, school classification, main teaching assignment, and selected school characteristics: 2017–18

  Male   Female
Main teaching assignment and selected school characteristics Total   Hispanic,
regardless of race1
  White, non-Hispanic   Black, non-Hispanic   Other2   Total   Hispanic,
regardless of race1
  White, non-Hispanic   Black, non-Hispanic   Other2  
All public schools 23.5   9.8   78.9   6.5   4.8   76.5   9.2   79.4   6.8   4.6  
Teacher main assignment                                        
Early childhood or general elementary 8.5   17.3   67.0   10.0   5.7   91.5   9.8   79.1   6.6   4.5  
Special education 15.4   9.0   77.7   8.7   4.6   84.6   6.7   81.9   7.6   3.7  
Arts or music 32.4   6.1   84.5   5.2   4.3   67.6   5.9   85.5   3.9   4.8  
English and language arts 14.5   7.2   82.4   5.0   5.5   85.5   7.2   80.9   8.3   3.7  
ESL or bilingual education 14.1   30.1   54.5     11.9 ! 85.9   30.9   60.0   3.1 ! 6.0  
Foreign languages 21.5   41.5   49.5   5.5 ! 3.6 ! 78.5   31.3   59.0   1.8   7.8  
Health education 60.1   7.7   82.3   7.3   2.7   39.9   4.8   85.8   5.3   4.2  
Mathematics 34.8   8.9   77.4   7.1   6.6   65.2   6.7   80.1   7.2   6.1  
Natural sciences 37.0   7.1   83.5   3.8   5.6   63.0   8.4   77.5   7.7   6.4  
Social sciences 54.8   7.1   84.5   4.7   3.6   45.2   8.0   80.4   7.1   4.5  
Career or technical education 44.2   7.5   82.2   6.4   3.8   55.8   4.7   80.5   11.6   3.2  
All other 34.5   5.2   79.2   10.8   4.9   65.5   7.4   83.8   4.6   4.1  
                                         
Community type                                         
City 23.8   14.4   68.7   10.9   5.9   76.2   13.9   68.4   12.1   5.6  
Suburban  22.5   10.4   78.7   5.9   5.0   77.5   9.7   79.9   5.4   5.1  
Town  24.7   6.5   85.9   3.2   4.4   75.3   5.6   87.1   3.8   3.5  
Rural  24.3   4.0   89.5   3.6   2.9   75.7   3.7   89.8   3.6   2.9  
                                         
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
0–34 24.0   4.7   88.3   2.9   4.0   76.0   4.5   89.5   2.0   3.9  
35–49 25.4   5.8   87.5   3.1   3.5   74.6   6.0   87.0   3.5   3.4  
50–74 23.0   8.9   80.4   6.0   4.8   77.0   7.7   82.2   5.8   4.4  
75 or more 22.1   17.9   62.9   12.8   6.5   77.9   16.5   63.7   13.7   6.1  
                                         
Region                                        
Northeast 24.2   4.8   88.0   4.9   2.4   75.8   6.6   86.2   3.8   3.4  
Midwest 24.2   3.0   91.5   2.8   2.7   75.8   3.4   91.3   3.1   2.2  
South 22.0   13.6   70.5   11.7   4.1   78.0   11.2   72.9   12.2   3.7  
West 25.1   15.1   71.5   2.9   10.5   74.9   14.3   72.8   2.4   10.5  
                                         
Percent of students who were non-White                                        
0-24 24.0   1.8   95.6   0.7   1.9   76.0   1.8   96.0   0.7   1.6  
25-49 23.7   4.0   88.6   3.9   3.5   76.3   4.4   89.9   2.4   3.4  
50-74 21.7   9.8   77.4   7.1   5.6   78.3   8.5   79.7   6.7   5.2  
75 or more 23.1   24.1   52.1   15.1   8.7   76.9   22.2   52.2   17.2   8.4  
                                         
Traditional public schools 23.5   9.3   79.6   6.4   4.7   76.5   8.8   80.1   6.5   4.5  
Teacher main assignment                                        
Early childhood or general elementary 8.5   17.1   67.6   9.7   5.6   91.5   9.4   79.7   6.4   4.5  
Special education 15.2   9.1   78.0   8.6   4.3   84.8   6.5   82.5   7.3   3.7  
Arts or music 32.5   5.7   84.8   5.1   4.4   67.5   5.3   86.4   3.5   4.8  
English and language arts 14.1   6.7   83.5   4.6   5.2   85.9   6.6   82.0   7.9   3.6  
ESL or bilingual education 14.1   29.6   55.3     11.5 ! 85.9   31.2   59.9   3.0 ! 5.9  
Foreign languages 21.4   41.0   49.9   5.9 ! 3.2 ! 78.6   30.4   60.2   1.5   7.8  
Health education 59.8   6.9   83.6   6.8   2.7   40.2   4.6   86.0   5.2   4.2  
Mathematics 34.8   8.1   78.4   7.0   6.5   65.2   6.3   81.1   6.8   5.8  
Natural sciences 37.0   7.0   83.7   3.6   5.7   63.0   8.2   78.2   7.5   6.1  
Social sciences 55.2   6.7   85.0   4.7   3.5   44.8   7.6   81.0   7.1   4.3  
Career or technical education 44.3   7.2   82.7   6.4   3.7   55.7   4.5   80.7   11.6   3.2  
All other 35.1   4.6   79.4   11.0   5.0   64.9   6.8   85.1   4.1   4.0  
                                         
Community type                                         
City 23.5   14.1   69.2   11.0   5.8   76.5   13.7   69.1   11.7   5.5  
Suburban  22.5   10.0   79.2   5.8   4.9   77.5   9.1   80.6   5.3   5.0  
Town  24.9   6.5   86.2   2.8   4.4   75.1   5.7   87.5   3.4   3.5  
Rural  24.5   3.8   89.6   3.6   2.9   75.5   3.6   89.9   3.7   2.8  
                                         
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
0–34 24.0   4.5   88.7   3.0   3.9   76.0   4.3   90.0   1.9   3.8  
35–49 25.5   5.8   87.7   3.1   3.4   74.5   5.8   87.5   3.4   3.4  
50–74 23.0   8.4   81.1   5.8   4.7   77.0   7.3   82.9   5.6   4.3  
75 or more 21.9   17.4   63.4   12.6   6.5   78.1   16.1   64.4   13.4   6.1  
                                         
Region                                        
Northeast 24.0   4.6   88.5   4.7   2.2   76.0   6.4   86.7   3.5   3.3  
Midwest 24.2   2.8   92.0   2.7   2.5   75.8   3.3   91.6   2.8   2.2  
South 22.1   13.2   71.2   11.5   4.1   77.9   10.7   73.7   11.9   3.7  
West 25.2   14.4   72.0   2.9   10.7   74.8   14.0   73.1   2.3   10.6  
                                         
Percent of students who were non-White                                        
0-24 24.0   1.7   95.7   0.7   1.9   76.0   1.7   96.1   0.7   1.5  
25-49 23.8   3.8   88.9   3.9   3.3   76.2   4.2   90.1   2.4   3.3  
50-74 21.7   9.4   78.2   7.0   5.4   78.3   8.1   80.3   6.5   5.1  
75 or more 23.0   24.0   52.0   15.1   8.9   77.0   21.9   52.5   17.0   8.5  
                                         
Public charter schools 23.5   16.5   68.2   8.9   6.4   76.5   15.3   67.9   10.8   5.9  
Teacher main assignment                                        
Early childhood or general elementary 8.3   20.4   56.2   15.8 ! 7.6 ! 91.7   15.4   69.3   10.2   5.1  
Special education 18.6     71.7   10.4 ! 9.7 ! 81.4   11.6   69.7   14.7   4.0  
Arts or music 29.7   11.9 ! 79.9   5.6 !   70.3   13.9   71.8   9.9 ! 4.4 !
English and language arts 20.2   12.3   71.3   8.4   8.1 ! 79.8   16.7   64.1   13.5   5.8  
ESL or bilingual education 15.1 ! 43.8 ! 35.2 !     84.9   23.3 ! 64.4      
Foreign languages 22.7   47.4   43.9       77.3   44.3   42.9   5.0 ! 7.9 !
Health education 65.3   21.1   58.4   16.7   3.8 ! 34.7   9.3 ! 81.6   5.6 !  
Mathematics 35.6   19.4   64.7   8.1   7.8   64.4   11.9   66.2   11.8   10.1  
Natural sciences 36.3   8.5 ! 80.1   6.5 ! 4.9 ! 63.7   11.2   68.1   10.7   10.0  
Social sciences 48.2   14.4   75.3   4.5 ! 5.7 ! 51.8   12.9   73.5   7.0   6.6  
Career or technical education 41.4   18.3 ! 65.5   8.6 !   58.6   12.1 ! 75.0   9.8 !  
All other 23.6   20.5 ! 73.6       76.4   16.4   65.0   12.9 ! 5.6 !
                                         
Community type                                         
City 26.2   17.4   65.1   10.2   7.3   73.8   16.2   61.7   16.0   6.1  
Suburban  22.0   18.0   67.8   7.5   6.7   78.0   19.9   67.7   6.0   6.3  
Town  20.1     73.8       79.9   3.7 ! 78.7   14.0 ! 3.6 !
Rural  18.8   11.6 ! 84.3       81.2   5.8 ! 87.2   1.4 ! 5.7 !
                                         
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                       
0–34 24.0   10.9   80.1     7.7   76.0   9.8   78.0   5.0 ! 7.3  
35–49 23.7   7.3 ! 81.4   4.0 ! 7.4 ! 76.3   13.3   73.6   8.1 ! 5.0  
50–74 21.9   18.1   65.9   10.0 ! 6.0   78.1   15.0   68.4   10.0   6.6  
75 or more 24.6   23.1   56.4   14.6   6.0   75.4   21.1   55.5   17.6   5.8  
                                         
Region                                        
Northeast 29.9   8.0   79.0   7.8   5.2   70.1   10.5   74.2   8.8   6.5  
Midwest 24.5   7.9   79.1   7.2   5.8 ! 75.5   4.5   82.6   10.7   2.2  
South 20.8   20.1   59.5   15.6   4.8   79.2   19.2   60.0   17.0   3.8  
West 23.8   21.5   66.5   2.6 ! 9.3   76.2   17.0   69.5   3.3   10.3  
                                         
Percent of students who were non-White                                        
0-24 23.8   5.0 ! 93.1       76.2   3.2   93.5     2.9  
25-49 21.8   8.0   82.4     6.3   78.2   8.0   85.1   2.0 ! 4.9  
50-74 23.0   16.1   64.5   9.5 ! 9.9   77.0   14.9   68.2   10.3   6.6  
75 or more 24.5   25.2   52.8   14.6   7.4   75.5   24.5   48.7   19.2   7.5  
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate).
1 Hispanic includes Latino.
2 Other includes American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic; Asian, non-Hispanic; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic; and two or more races, non-Hispanic.
NOTE: Details may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2017–18.