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Percentage of schools that had any students with an Individual Education Plan (IEP) because of special needs, or who were English-language learners (ELLs) or limited-English proficient (LEP), and percentage of students with an IEP or who were ELLs/LEP, by school type and selected school characteristics: 2017–18

  IEP because of special needs or
formally identified disability1
  ELL/LEP
School type and selected
school characteristic
Percent of schools with at
least 1 student with an IEP or
formally identified disability
  Percent of K–12 students
with an IEP or formally
identified disability
  Percent of all schools with at
least 1 ELL/LEP students
  Percent of K–12 students
who were ELLs/LEP
 
   All schools 89.8   12.2   65.5   9.9  
                 
All public schools 98.7   12.7   78.5   10.5  
                 
School classification                
Traditional public 98.8   12.8   78.5   10.6  
Charter school 97.9   11.0   77.7   10.2  
                 
Community type                
City 98.3   13.0   85.8   15.4  
Suburban 99.0   12.0   88.7   10.8  
Town 98.2   13.2   75.5   7.1  
Rural 99.1   13.1   59.5   4.3  
                 
School level                
Primary 99.2   12.2   82.9   14.8  
Middle 99.5   13.5   86.4   8.9  
High 97.1   12.5   72.7   5.9  
Combined 98.3   14.2   52.2   6.2  
                 
Student enrollment                
Less than 100 92.6   31.0   38.5   9.1  
100–199 98.0   19.5   49.5   4.7  
200–499 99.4   13.9   75.6   10.0  
500–749 99.1   12.5   90.2   13.3  
750–999 99.0   11.7   93.6   12.2  
1,000 or more 99.6   11.3   94.7   8.0  
                 
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
for free or reduced‑price lunches
               
0–34 98.7   11.7   77.7   5.2  
35–49 98.6   12.5   74.8   5.9  
50–74 99.2   13.1   80.4   9.3  
75 or more 98.6   13.4   79.5   18.7  
                 
All private schools 58.7   7.6   20.5   2.6  
                 
School Classification                
Catholic 72.6   6.0   28.3   2.2  
Other religious 47.9   4.5   16.7   3.6  
Nonsectarian 63.6   15.6   19.5   1.5  
                 
Community type                
City 61.6   7.1   25.2   4.2  
Suburban 62.8   8.6   21.8   1.2  
Town 64.0   6.2   16.1   1.2  
Rural 46.0   6.4   13.5   1.9 !
                 
School level                
Elementary 54.0   5.7   17.9   2.3  
Secondary 63.8   6.7   29.6   2.2  
Combined 65.3   10.0   22.2   3.0  
                 
Student enrollment                
Less than 100 50.5   16.2   12.3   2.7  
100–199 62.5   9.6   28.4   2.6  
200–499 68.8   6.1   28.0   2.3  
500–749 72.0   5.6   30.1   1.8 !
750 or more 72.3   4.6   30.0   3.6 !
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
1 Public schools were asked about students with IEPs because of special needs. “Special needs” was not defined for respondents. In some public schools, gifted students have IEPs and may be reported here. Private schools were asked about students with a formally identified disability.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), “Public School and Private School Documentation Data Files,” 2017–18.