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Percentage of schools and students that participated in the Title I and federal free or reduced‑price lunch programs, by school type and selected school characteristics: 2017–18

  Title I services1   Federal free or reduced‑price lunch program  
School type and selected
school characteristic
Percent of all
schools with
students that
received services
  Percent of all K–12
students that
received services2
  Percent of all
schools that
participated
  Among schools that
participated, percent
of students
approved for free or
reduced‑price
lunches3
  Percent of K–12
students approved
for free or reduced‑
price lunch in all
schools3, 4
 
   All schools 52.5   34.2   78.4   56.8   51.3  
                     
All public schools 60.7   37.0   95.6   57.1   55.2  
                     
School classification                    
Traditional public 60.6   36.5   96.6   56.5   55.2  
Charter school 61.5   43.3   83.6   65.8   55.6  
                     
Community type                    
City 63.1   46.5   95.6   69.1   67.0  
Suburban 52.6   29.1   95.5   48.4   46.7  
Town 64.9   40.7   96.1   60.8   58.8  
Rural 66.0   36.0   95.3   53.7   52.2  
                     
School level                    
Primary 71.6   47.6   97.6   60.9   59.9  
Middle 50.6   32.6   98.2   55.5   54.6  
High 36.3   23.0   90.9   51.5   49.3  
Combined 64.5   36.9   89.2   58.9   51.2  
                     
Student enrollment                    
Less than 100 47.1   30.9   82.5   65.3   57.1  
100–199 60.4   38.9   91.8   61.2   56.1  
200–499 68.9   44.7   96.5   60.8   58.8  
500–749 62.4   42.0   97.7   59.8   58.5  
750–999 53.6   37.5   96.5   56.0   54.1  
1,000 or more 40.1   25.2   96.9   51.3   49.5  
                     
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
for free or reduced‑price lunches
                   
0–34 31.9   10.0   83.6   19.3   17.2  
35–49 56.1   23.5   100.0   42.0   42.0  
50–74 67.4   41.2   100.0   60.9   60.9  
75 or more 81.1   65.9   100.0   93.4   93.4  
                     
All private schools 24.3   4.0   18.8   42.0   8.7  
                     
School Classification                    
Catholic 54.4   6.3   40.0   31.0   10.5  
Other religious 16.4   3.0   10.2   57.8   8.3  
Nonsectarian 8.1   1.7   12.9   71.4   6.4  
                     
Community type                    
City 29.8   5.2   23.0   52.5   12.8  
Suburban 22.0   2.7   15.1   33.5   5.2  
Town 39.2   6.5   31.0   26.2   11.2  
Rural 13.3   2.4   13.3   30.3   4.2  
                     
School level                    
Elementary 31.7   6.3   23.7   37.8   11.4  
Secondary 18.5   2.2   21.3   32.4   6.8  
Combined 13.0   2.2   9.5   63.0   6.7  
                     
Student enrollment                    
Less than 100 14.7   6.0   13.8   52.8   9.3  
100–199 36.5   6.7   26.7   43.4   12.0  
200–499 34.4   4.1   23.4   36.4   8.4  
500–749 27.1   2.1   18.3   37.6   6.8  
750 or more 14.4   1.2 ! 11.9   54.9   7.4 !
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
1 Respondents were provided the following explanation on the questionnaire for Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act: “Title I is a federally funded program that provides educational services, such as remedial reading or remedial math, to children who live in areas with high concentrations of low-income families.” These services were received at the school or at any other location.
2 Percentages are based on all students, including those in schools that did not receive Title I services.
3 The 2017–18 NTPS collects information on the percentage of students in each school who are approved for free or reduced‑price lunches. To calculate the percentage of students approved for free or reduced‑price lunches in this table, a count of students approved for free or reduced‑price lunches was estimated by multiplying the proportion of approved students (S0427/100) by the K–12 enrollment of the school (ENRK12UG). The weighted sum of students approved for free and reduced‑price lunches was then divided by the weighted sum of K–12 enrollment to obtain an overall percentage of students approved for free and reduced‑price lunches.
4 Schools that did not participate in the federal free or reduced‑price lunch program were considered to have zero students approved for the federal free or reduced‑price lunch program.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), “Public School and Private School Documentation Data Files,” 2017–18.