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Percentage distribution of school principals, by highest degree earned, school type, and selected school characteristics: 2017–18

School type and selected school characteristic Bachelor's degree or less   Master's degree   Education specialist or
professional diploma1
  Doctorate or
first professional degree
 
   All schools 8.3   59.3   22.5   9.9  
                 
All public schools 1.8   61.8   25.9   10.5  
                 
School classification                
Traditional public 1.3   61.8   26.6   10.3  
Charter school 8.6   61.4   16.9   13.1  
                 
Community type                
City 2.1   61.8   23.8   12.3  
Suburban 1.2   62.7   23.5   12.6  
Town 2.3   59.5   31.8   6.4  
Rural 2.1 ! 61.6   28.0   8.3  
                 
School level                
Primary 1.7   62.6   26.0   9.7  
Middle 1.1 ! 62.6   24.9   11.5  
High 2.1   57.7   27.6   12.6  
Combined 3.6   64.1   23.0   9.4  
                 
Student enrollment                
Less than 100 8.3 ! 51.7   27.8   12.1  
100–199 3.0   63.9   24.8   8.3  
200–499 1.4   61.6   27.9   9.1  
500–749 1.2   64.2   24.2   10.4  
750–999 0.7 ! 63.3   23.6   12.3  
1,000 or more 1.2   59.8   23.6   15.4  
                 
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
for free or reduced‑price lunches
               
0–34 2.1   60.7   25.7   11.5  
35–49 1.1   61.2   28.8   8.9  
50–74 1.7   60.8   26.8   10.7  
75 or more 2.1   63.4   24.0   10.5  
                 
All private schools 30.8   50.6   10.8   7.9  
                 
School Classification                
Catholic 9.5   71.1   14.8   4.6  
Other religious 45.6   39.4   7.0   8.0  
Nonsectarian 26.1   49.6   13.4   10.9  
                 
Community type                
City 22.6   56.2   11.2   10.0  
Suburban 26.9   52.4   12.8   7.9  
Town 26.1   55.3   14.2   4.4 !
Rural 51.1   37.3   5.7   5.9  
                 
School level                
Elementary 33.7   51.9   10.3   4.2  
Secondary 20.2   55.8   11.2   12.8  
Combined 30.8   45.7   11.5   12.1  
                 
Student enrollment                
Less than 100 48.5   35.2   9.7   6.6  
100–199 19.1   63.8   9.5   7.6  
200–499 9.2   67.4   14.8   8.6  
500–749 8.2   70.1   11.4   10.3  
750 or more 7.6 ! 61.8   8.7   21.9  
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
1 At least 1 year beyond the master's level.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), “Public School Principal and Private School Principal Documentation Data Files,” 2017–18.