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Percentage of public school principals in schools that offered various opportunities for parent participation, by opportunity type, percentage of parents participating in schools that offered each opportunity, and selected school characteristics: 2017–18

  Signing of a school-parent compact1   Involvement in school instructional issues2   Involvement in governance3   Involvement in budget decisions
  Percent of
principals in
schools that
offered this
  Among principals in schools that offered this, percent
of parents participating
  Percent of
principals in
schools that
offered this
  Among principals in schools that offered this, percent
of parents participating
  Percent of
principals in
schools that
offered this
  Among principals in schools that offered this, percent
of parents participating
  Percent of
principals in
schools that
offered this
  Among principals in schools that offered this, percent
of parents participating
Selected school characteristic   0–25%   26–50%   51–75%   76–100%     0–25%   26–50%   51–75%   76–100%     0–25%   26–50%   51–75%   76–100%     0–25%   26–50%   51–75%   76–100%
   All public schools 73.0   14.7   10.0   15.0   60.3   83.4   74.4   16.9   5.9   2.8   92.3   67.0   20.8   7.9   4.3   75.5   84.1   10.7   3.5   1.7  
                                                                                 
School classification                                                                                
Traditional public 72.4   15.1   10.2   14.9   59.9   83.5   75.2   16.4   5.8   2.6   92.5   67.4   20.5   7.7   4.4   75.4   84.3   10.6   3.4   1.8  
Charter school 80.9   9.7   8.8   16.1   65.5   81.9   65.6   22.3   7.6   4.5   90.0   62.2   24.4   9.7   3.7   76.2   82.1   12.0   4.8   1.0  
                                                                                 
Community type                                                                                 
City 78.3   15.0   13.5   16.9   54.6   85.8   74.4   16.9   5.2   3.5   92.6   67.6   20.0   7.5   4.9   82.1   82.7   10.5   4.0   2.9  
Suburban  69.6   16.6   9.1   13.4   60.9   82.6   73.8   17.0   6.9   2.2   94.3   64.5   21.3   9.0   5.2   75.0   85.0   9.8   3.7   1.5  
Town  73.1   13.5   6.8   13.6   66.1   82.9   78.3   14.8   5.2   1.7 ! 90.7   73.4   19.2   5.2   2.2   71.9   87.9   9.9   1.6    
Rural  71.6   12.6   8.8   15.3   63.4   82.1   73.3   17.6   5.8   3.2   90.3   66.5   21.8   8.1   3.6   70.9   82.8   12.5   3.6   1.1  
                                                                                 
School level                                                                                
Primary 77.6   10.2   9.5   15.4   64.9   88.3   70.8   19.6   6.8   2.8   96.2   62.6   23.7   8.7   4.9   81.4   82.7   11.8   3.7   1.8  
Middle 70.9   18.4   9.0   15.2   57.3   82.2   81.2   12.7   3.7   2.4   94.1   75.3   15.6   5.2   3.9   72.3   89.3   7.1   3.1   0.6 !
High 64.4   26.9   12.4   14.0   46.7   74.5   83.5   11.0   4.2   1.3   85.6   74.6   16.1   6.8   2.4   67.6   86.6   8.9   2.8   1.7  
Combined 67.9   13.4   10.8   13.3   62.5   75.7   68.7   17.3   7.9   6.2   81.0   65.2   20.7   9.1   5.1   62.3   79.9   12.6   4.4   3.1 !
                                                                                 
Student enrollment                                                                                
Less than 100 61.9   11.5   8.4   12.4   67.7   67.0   69.8   14.9   10.7   4.6 ! 67.2   64.1   17.3   11.5 ! 7.1   58.0   74.1   14.7      
100–199 72.7   19.4   9.0   13.6   58.1   79.0   72.6   17.7   6.4   3.3 ! 86.8   69.4   19.9   6.8   3.9   69.0   84.2   12.0   2.7 !  
200–499 75.4   12.7   9.8   14.8   62.6   84.6   73.6   18.0   5.5   2.9   93.7   66.7   21.2   7.6   4.5   76.0   84.0   10.4   3.5   2.2  
500–749 75.6   12.6   9.4   16.1   61.9   87.0   74.3   17.2   6.4   2.1   96.3   65.6   22.4   8.2   3.9   79.1   85.0   10.8   3.1   1.1  
750–999 71.1   15.9   11.5   14.7   57.9   85.9   76.9   15.4   5.0   2.7   95.3   69.1   19.3   7.7   3.9   80.4   85.3   9.9   3.9   1.0 !
1,000 or more 67.2   25.2   13.0   15.2   46.6   81.8   79.3   13.5   4.7   2.5   94.9   69.2   19.2   7.3   4.2   76.0   85.9   9.5   3.1   1.4  
                                                                                 
Percent of K–12 students who were approved
 for free or reduced‑price lunches
                                                                               
0–34 58.1   15.3   6.8   10.6   67.3   78.6   66.7   21.0   8.8   3.5   91.6   55.1   25.8   12.2   6.8   69.8   81.4   11.9   4.8   1.9  
35–49 66.2   17.5   8.1   14.3   60.1   81.7   77.5   15.5   4.6   2.5   93.8   68.4   21.3   7.3   2.9   71.0   87.9   8.5   1.7   1.9 !
50–74 75.1   14.1   9.7   15.1   61.1   85.8   76.6   16.7   4.6   2.1   94.1   70.8   20.2   5.9   3.0   75.8   84.8   12.1   2.4   0.6 !
75 or more 86.7   13.6   12.7   17.4   56.3   86.4   77.3   14.6   5.3   2.8   90.9   73.2   17.0   6.0   3.8   81.8   84.0   9.8   4.0   2.2  
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate).
1 A school-parent compact is an agreement between school community members (e.g., parents, principals, teachers, and students) that acknowledges the shared responsibility for students learning and/or the school's policies.
2 Involvement in school instructional issues includes planning classroom learning activities and providing feedback on curriculum.
3 Involvement in governance includes PTA or PTO meetings, school board, and parent booster clubs.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Principal Data File," 2017–18.