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Number of students, number of full-time-equivalent (FTE) counselors, psychologists, and social workers, and number of students per FTE counselor, psychologist, or social worker in public schools with those staff members, by selected school characteristics: 2015–16

      In schools with at least one full- or part-time counselor   In schools with at least one full- or part-time psychologist   In schools with at least one full- or part-time social worker   In schools with at least one full- or part-time counselor, psychologist, or social worker  
School school characteristic Total number of students   Number of students   Number of FTE counselors   Number of students per FTE counselor   Number of students   Number of FTE psychologists   Number of students per FTE psychologist   Number of students   Number of FTE social workers   Number of students per FTE social worker   Number of students   Number of FTE counselors, psychologists, and social workers   Number of students per FTE counselor, psychologist, or social worker  
All public schools 49,278,480   42,987,500   114,350   380   36,234,040   44,210   820   23,191,110   33,100   700   48,027,070   191,660   250  
                                                     
School classification                                                    
Traditional public 46,243,520   40,765,580   108,180   380   34,566,370   41,980   820   22,128,130   30,900   720   45,316,630   181,060   250  
Public Charter 3,034,970   2,221,920   6,170   360   1,667,670   2,230   750   1,062,980   2,200   480   2,710,430   10,600   260  
                                                     
Community type                                                    
City 14,938,080   12,843,620   33,580   380   11,210,420   13,330   840   8,007,760   11,860   680   14,527,880   58,760   250  
Suburban 19,400,270   16,737,810   42,680   390   16,091,110   17,800   900   10,009,930   12,570   800   19,147,200   73,050   260  
Town 5,701,850   5,082,810   13,890   370   3,341,060   4,710   710   2,040,940   3,440   590   5,483,180   22,040   250  
Rural 9,238,280   8,323,260   24,210   340   5,591,440   8,370   670   3,132,480   5,220   600   8,868,810   37,800   230  
                                                     
School level                                                    
Primary 23,459,800   18,382,360   38,570   480   17,752,960   24,620   720   10,402,380   17,190   610   22,759,560   80,380   280  
Middle 8,554,530   8,123,860   22,220   370   6,607,680   7,480   880   4,391,040   5,750   760   8,480,790   35,450   240  
High 14,345,370   13,915,100   44,800   310   10,476,360   9,340   1,120   7,605,570   7,690   990   14,029,970   61,830   230  
Combined 2,918,790   2,566,180   8,770   290   1,397,030   2,770   500   792,120   2,460   320   2,756,750   13,990   200  
                                                     
Student enrollment                                                    
Less than 100 303,750   158,980   2,840   60   149,960   1,790   80   92,180   1,810   50   227,100   6,440   40  
100–199 1,070,010   754,620   4,540   170   498,620   2,080   240   300,880   1,640   180   920,480   8,260   110  
200–499 12,598,580   10,160,740   29,820   340   8,226,220   15,340   540   5,178,410   11,490   450   12,061,010   56,650   210  
500–749 13,836,450   11,609,270   26,050   450   10,187,190   12,220   830   6,249,670   8,680   720   13,610,640   46,950   290  
750–999 7,837,960   7,129,620   16,640   430   6,093,510   5,530   1,100   3,657,320   4,260   860   7,785,570   26,430   290  
1,000 or more 13,631,730   13,174,270   34,450   380   11,078,530   7,260   1,530   7,712,650   5,210   1,480   13,422,270   46,920   290  
                                                     
Percent of K–12 students who
   were approved for free or
   reduced–price lunches
                                                 
0–34 16,379,060   14,527,650   37,890   380   13,213,510   14,600   900   7,779,570   8,860   880   16,138,320   61,350   260  
35–49 6,891,970   6,147,530   16,010   380   5,113,680   5,780   880   3,184,350   3,950   810   6,797,910   25,740   260  
50–74 10,413,910   9,327,220   24,360   380   7,316,870   8,750   840   4,875,480   6,650   730   10,224,460   39,770   260  
75 or more 13,384,960   11,314,980   31,710   360   9,517,690   13,430   710   6,718,250   12,440   540   12,977,010   57,590   230  
School did not participate in
   free or reduced-price
   lunch program
2,208,590   1,670,130   4,380   380   1,072,290   1,640   650   633,460   1,190   530   1,889,370   7,210   260  
                                                   
Percent of students in the
   school who are non-White1
                                                 
50 or fewer 24,741,650   22,026,390   58,840   370   18,040,850   21,790   830   10,419,740   13,750   760   24,201,000   94,390   260  
Greater than 50 20,698,700   17,774,880   45,420   390   15,410,670   17,420   880   10,498,130   15,250   690   20,247,420   78,090   260  
1 Data on student race/ethnicity were not available for 7.5% of responding schools. These schools are included in the rest of the table.
NOTE: Primary schools are those with at least one grade lower than 5 and no grade higher than 8, middle schools have no grade lower than 5 and no grade higher than 8, high schools have no grade lower than 7 and at least one grade higher than 8, and all other schools are classified as combined. In creating FTE from counts of full-time and part-time staff, the assumption was made that each part-time staff member was equivalent to 0.5 FTE. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Data File," 2015–16.