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National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS)

Number and percentage of public schools that had any students with an Individual Education Plan (IEP) because of special needs, and schools with instruction specifically designed to address the needs of English-language learners (ELLs) or limited-English proficient (LEP) students, by selected school characteristics: 2015–16

  IEP because of special needs1   Schools with instruction specifically designed to address the needs of ELL/LEP students
Selected school characteristic Number of schools with at least 1 student on an IEP   Percent of schools with at least 1 student on an IEP   Percent of K-12 students with an IEP   Number   Percent  
All public schools 89,400   98.9   11.9   69,000   76.3  
                     
School classification                    
Traditional public 82,500   98.8   12.0   64,100   76.7  
Charter school 6,900   99.5   10.2   4,900   70.7  
                     
Community type                    
City 24,500   98.7   11.8   19,900   80.3  
Suburban 28,900   99.3   11.5   24,900   85.5  
Town 12,000   98.4   12.4   8,900   73.4  
Rural 24,100   98.8   12.5   15,300   62.7  
                     
School level                    
Primary 50,100   99.2   11.3   40,600   80.4  
Middle 13,700   99.1   13.1   11,400   82.6  
High 17,600   98.4   11.7   12,700   70.6  
Combined 8,000   97.2   14.4   4,300   52.6  
                     
Student enrollment                    
Less than 100 6,000   91.7   30.4   3,000   46.4  
100-199 7,100   97.0   15.7   3,900   53.6  
200-499 35,600   99.7   12.5   26,100   73.1  
500-749 22,900   99.7   11.6   19,800   86.1  
750-999 9,100   99.5   11.9   8,100   88.3  
1,000 or more 8,800   99.8   10.9   8,100   92.2  
                     
Percent of K-12 students who were approved for free or reduced-price lunches                    
0-34 24,400   99.4   10.9   19,500   79.5  
35-49 11,900   99.2   11.9   9,200   76.3  
50-74 18,700   99.2   12.6   14,700   78.2  
75 or more 29,800   98.9   12.7   23,100   76.8  
School did not participate in free or reduced-price lunch program 4,700   94.1   11.0   2,500   50.2  
1 Public schools were asked about students with IEPs because of special needs. "Special needs" was not defined for respondents. In some public schools, gifted students have IEPs and may be reported here.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), “Public School Data File,” 2015–16.