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Number and percentage distribution of public school principals by gender, race, and selected principal characteristics: 2015–16

      Male     Female
Selected school characteristic All public school principals   Total   Hispanic, regardless of race   White, non-Hispanic   Black, non-Hispanic   Other     Total   Hispanic, regardless of race   White, non-Hispanic   Black, non-Hispanic   Other  
All public schools 90,410 41,380 3,320 33,510 3,210 1,340   49,030 4,100 36,830 6,340 1,760
 
Age
Less than 45 years 36,510 18,790 1,570 14,930 1,720 580   17,720 1,720 12,760 2,500 730
45-54 years 33,370 14,880 1,370 12,160 910 450   18,490 1,600 13,760 2,430 690
55 years or more 20,540 7,710 390 6,420 590 310 !   12,830 780 10,310 1,400 340
 
Years of principal experience
Less than 2 years 18,970 7,820 650 6,270 700 200   11,150 1,160 8,230 1,250 510
2-3 years 16,440 7,430 650 6,010 540 230   9,010 920 6,500 1,380 210 !
4-9 years 31,370 14,430 1,310 11,330 1,310 480   16,940 1,210 12,900 2,210 620
10 years or more 23,630 11,700 710 9,900 660 430   11,930 820 9,200 1,510 410
 
Highest degree earned
Bachelor's degree or less 2,040 850 700 60 !   1,190 100 ! 910 140 !
Master's degree 55,390 27,090 2,440 21,920 1,900 830   28,300 2,890 21,440 2,850 1,130
Education specialist or
professional diploma
24,020 9,890 600 8,390 700 200 !   14,130 530 11,200 2,060 340
Doctorate or first
professional degree
8,960   3,550   230   2,500   550   270 !   5,410   580   3,280   1,290   260 !
                                               
Percentage distribution of principals
All public schools 90,410 45.8 8.0 81.0 7.8 3.2   54.2 8.4 75.1 12.9 3.6
 
Age
Less than 45 years 36,510 20.8 8.3 79.4 9.1 3.1   19.6 9.7 72.0 14.1 4.1
45-54 years 33,370 16.5 9.2 81.7 6.1 3.0   20.4 8.7 74.5 13.2 3.7
55 years or more 20,540 8.5 5.0 83.3 7.6 4.1   14.2 6.1 80.3 10.9 2.7
 
Years of principal experience
Less than 2 years 18,970 8.7 8.3 80.1 8.9 2.6   12.3 10.4 73.8 11.2 4.6
2-3 years 16,440 8.2 8.8 80.8 7.3 3.1   10.0 10.2 72.2 15.3 2.4 !
4-9 years 31,370 16.0 9.1 78.5 9.1 3.3   18.7 7.1 76.2 13.0 3.7
10 years or more 23,630 12.9 6.1 84.6 5.7 3.6   13.2 6.8 77.1 12.6 3.4
 
Highest degree earned
Bachelor's degree or less 2,040 0.9 82.3 7.5 !   1.3 8.4 ! 76.6 12.0 !
Master's degree 55,390 30.0 9.0 80.9 7.0 3.1   31.3 10.2 75.7 10.1 4.0
Education specialist or
professional diploma
24,020 10.9 6.1 84.8 7.0 2.1 !   15.6 3.8 79.3 14.6 2.4
Doctorate or first
professional degree
8,960   3.9   6.5   70.4   15.5   7.6 !   6.0   10.7   60.7   23.9   4.7 !
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e. the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate).
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Principal Data File," 2015–16.