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Principals

Percentage distribution of public school principals, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic
Asian, non-Hispanic
Black or African American, non-Hispanic
Hispanic, regardless of race
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic
100/100

White, non-Hispanic1

Two or more races, non-Hispanic

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Hispanic includes Latino. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Percentage distribution of public school principals, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

Percentage distribution of public school principals, by highest degree earned and state: 2020–21


Bachelor's degree or less
58 %

Master's degree
38.5 %

Education specialist or professional diploma1

Doctorate or first professional degree

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Percentage distribution of public school principals, by highest degree earned and state: 2020–21


Average percentage of time per school year spent on various school-related tasks, by state: 2020–21

29.7%
Internal administrative tasks

24.3%
Curriculum and teaching-related tasks

26.5%
Student interactions

15.7%
Parent interactions

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Detail may not sum to 100 because the percentage of time spent on “other” activities is not shown.
Source: Average hours per week that public school principals spent on all school-related activities and average percentage of time per school year spent on various school-related tasks, by state: 2020–21

Percentage of public school principals who agreed with statements about their position as a principal, by state: 2020–21

21.6%
The stress and disappointments involved in being a principal at this school aren't really worth it

18.7%
If I could get a higher paying job I'd leave this job as soon as possible

13.3%
I think about transferring to another school

29.8%
I don't seem to have as much enthusiasm now as I did when I began this job

7.8%
I think about staying home from school because I'm just too tired to go!

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Response options included "strongly disagree," "somewhat disagree," "somewhat agree," and "strongly agree." Principals who reported "somewhat agree" or "strongly agree" were considered to have reported that they "agreed" with different statements.
Source: Percentage of public school principals who agreed with statements about their position as a principal, by state: 2020–21

Schools

Of public schools that had teaching vacancies in a specific field for the current school year, percentage that found it very difficult or were not able to fill the vacancies in each field, by field and state: 2020–21

41.8%
Special education


English or language arts

Social studies

44.7%
Computer science!

28.4%
Mathematics!


Biology or life sciences

33.4%
Physical sciences1!

33.4%
English as a Second Language (ESL), or bilingual education!


Foreign languages

33.9%
Music or art !

41.2%
Career or technical education!


Physical education or health

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Each column has a different denominator since two response options, “This position is not offered in this school” and “No vacancy in this field this school year,” were used to exclude schools from the calculations for each field.
Source: Of public schools that had teaching vacancies in a specific field for the current school year, percentage that found it very difficult or were not able to fill the vacancies in each field, by field and state: 2020–21

Average public school start time and percentage distribution of public school start time, by state: 2020–21

8:08
Average start time
8.6 %
Before 7:30 a.m.
31.6 %
7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m.
24.6 %
8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m.
27.8 %
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.
7.4 %
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.!

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Average public school start time and percentage distribution of public school start time, by state: 2020–21

Teachers

Percentage distribution of public school teachers, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic
Asian, non-Hispanic
Black or African American, non-Hispanic
1.1/100

Hispanic, regardless of race!

Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic
97.6/100

White, non-Hispanic

Two or more races, non-Hispanic

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Hispanic includes Latino. Teachers include both full-time and part-time teachers. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Percentage distribution of public school teachers, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

Average base teaching salary for regular full-time teachers: 2020-21

$59,700

Percent of public school teachers with a job outside the system during the school year and average amount earned: 2020-21

$5,600
Average amount earned

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. For average base salary, teachers who reported zero are excluded from the table. Summer earnings are not included. A regular full-time teacher is any teacher whose primary position in a school is not an itinerant teacher, a long-term substitute, a short-term substitute, a student teacher, a teacher aide, an administrator, a library media or librarian, another type of professional staff (e.g., counselor, curriculum coordinator, social worker) or support staff (e.g., secretary), or a part-time teacher.
Source: Among regular full-time public school teachers, average base salary and earnings from all sources, percentage of public school teachers with earnings from various salary supplements, and among those teachers, the average amount earned from the supplement during the current school year, by state: 2020–21


Percentage of public school teachers who responded that they have any control over various areas of planning and teaching in their classrooms, by state: 2020–21

92.4%
Selecting textbooks and other instructional materials

92.8%
Selecting content, topics, and skills to be taught

99%
Selecting teaching techniques

98.8%
Evaluating and grading students

95.7%
Disciplining students

96%
Determining the amount of homework to be assigned

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Response options included “no control,” “minor control,” “moderate control,” and “a great deal of control.” Teachers who reported “minor control,” “moderate control,” or “a great deal of control” were considered to have reported having “any control.”
Source: Percentage of public school teachers who responded that they have any control over various areas of planning and teaching in their classrooms, by state: 2020–21