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Principals

Percentage distribution of public school principals, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic
Asian, non-Hispanic
28.3/100

Black or African American, non-Hispanic

Hispanic, regardless of race
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic
68/100

White, non-Hispanic

Two or more races, non-Hispanic

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Hispanic includes Latino. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Percentage distribution of public school principals, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

Percentage distribution of public school principals, by highest degree earned and state: 2020–21


Bachelor's degree or less
70.7 %

Master's degree
24.3 %

Education specialist or professional diploma1
4.9 %

Doctorate or first professional degree!

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Percentage distribution of public school principals, by highest degree earned and state: 2020–21


Average percentage of time per school year spent on various school-related tasks, by state: 2020–21

30.4%
Internal administrative tasks

32.4%
Curriculum and teaching-related tasks

21.3%
Student interactions

14%
Parent interactions

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Detail may not sum to 100 because the percentage of time spent on “other” activities is not shown.
Source: Average hours per week that public school principals spent on all school-related activities and average percentage of time per school year spent on various school-related tasks, by state: 2020–21

Percentage of public school principals who agreed with statements about their position as a principal, by state: 2020–21

16.3%
The stress and disappointments involved in being a principal at this school aren't really worth it

25.8%
If I could get a higher paying job I'd leave this job as soon as possible


I think about transferring to another school

27.9%
I don't seem to have as much enthusiasm now as I did when I began this job

21%
I think about staying home from school because I'm just too tired to go

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Response options included "strongly disagree," "somewhat disagree," "somewhat agree," and "strongly agree." Principals who reported "somewhat agree" or "strongly agree" were considered to have reported that they "agreed" with different statements.
Source: Percentage of public school principals who agreed with statements about their position as a principal, by state: 2020–21

Schools

Of public schools that had teaching vacancies in a specific field for the current school year, percentage that found it very difficult or were not able to fill the vacancies in each field, by field and state: 2020–21

37.2%
Special education

18.2%
English or language arts!


Social studies

Computer science

27.7%
Mathematics

18.3%
Biology or life sciences!


20.5%
Physical sciences1!

39.3%
English as a Second Language (ESL), or bilingual education!


Foreign languages

Music or art

Career or technical education

Physical education or health

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Each column has a different denominator since two response options, “This position is not offered in this school” and “No vacancy in this field this school year,” were used to exclude schools from the calculations for each field.
Source: Of public schools that had teaching vacancies in a specific field for the current school year, percentage that found it very difficult or were not able to fill the vacancies in each field, by field and state: 2020–21

Average public school start time and percentage distribution of public school start time, by state: 2020–21

7:46
Average start time
27.1 %
Before 7:30 a.m.
44 %
7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m.
17.3 %
8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m.!
11.6 %
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.!

8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Average public school start time and percentage distribution of public school start time, by state: 2020–21

Teachers

Percentage distribution of public school teachers, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic
Asian, non-Hispanic
13.2/100

Black or African American, non-Hispanic

3.4/100

Hispanic, regardless of race!

Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic
80/100

White, non-Hispanic

1.8/100

Two or more races, non-Hispanic!

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Hispanic includes Latino. Teachers include both full-time and part-time teachers. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Source: Percentage distribution of public school teachers, by race/ethnicity and state: 2020–21

Average base teaching salary for regular full-time teachers: 2020-21

$46,400

Percent of public school teachers with a job outside the system during the school year and average amount earned: 2020-21

$5,800
Average amount! earned

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. For average base salary, teachers who reported zero are excluded from the table. Summer earnings are not included. A regular full-time teacher is any teacher whose primary position in a school is not an itinerant teacher, a long-term substitute, a short-term substitute, a student teacher, a teacher aide, an administrator, a library media or librarian, another type of professional staff (e.g., counselor, curriculum coordinator, social worker) or support staff (e.g., secretary), or a part-time teacher.
Source: Among regular full-time public school teachers, average base salary and earnings from all sources, percentage of public school teachers with earnings from various salary supplements, and among those teachers, the average amount earned from the supplement during the current school year, by state: 2020–21


Percentage of public school teachers who responded that they have any control over various areas of planning and teaching in their classrooms, by state: 2020–21

61.2%
Selecting textbooks and other instructional materials

65.4%
Selecting content, topics, and skills to be taught

94%
Selecting teaching techniques

95.9%
Evaluating and grading students

91%
Disciplining students

95.9%
Determining the amount of homework to be assigned

NOTE: Data are weighted estimates of the population. Response options included “no control,” “minor control,” “moderate control,” and “a great deal of control.” Teachers who reported “minor control,” “moderate control,” or “a great deal of control” were considered to have reported having “any control.”
Source: Percentage of public school teachers who responded that they have any control over various areas of planning and teaching in their classrooms, by state: 2020–21