Final set of BPS:12/14 variables released
For a codebook of variables and to build tables and run regressions off the data, visit DataLab: http://nces.ed.gov/datalab
BPS:12/14 variables revised
- MAJ14, ORGMAJ14, MAJCHG14 updated to include all certificate students as declared majors.
- UGDEGAA revised to be consistent with UGDEG.
- HSTYPE and PCTPOV updated for consistency with HSDEG and DEPEND, respectively.
- PCTALL, PCTDEP, and PCTINDEP, which measure percentiles of income, were recalculated using the BPS:12/14 weights.
Additional documentation about financial aid variables
Unless otherwise specified, variables based on NSLDS data were derived with a filter that removed loans borrowed prior to July 1995. This loan-level filter was applied to balance the goal of including as many loans as possible while minimizing the use of partial loan information. However, since consolidated loans contain multiple loans, each with potentially different dates of origination, pre-1995 loans may be included in the total consolidated amount. See codebook entries for NSLDS derived variables for more information. Respondents who had taken out a loan before July 1995 can be identified with variable LOANBF071995.
Additional 2008-12 Baccalaureate and Beyond (B&B:08/12) variables released.
B2DFROCRECON: Number of separate deferments granted for economic difficulty as of 2012
B2DFROCRENR: Number of separate deferments granted for student enrollment as of 2012
B2DFROCRFAM: Number of separate deferments granted for family or disability as of 2012
B2DFROCRGOV: Number of separate deferments granted for government program (Action, Peace Corps, Head Start, NOAA) as of 2012
B2DFROCRMIL: Number of separate deferments granted for military or law enforcement as of 2012
B2DFROCRNUM: Total number of separate deferment incidents as of 2012
B2DFROCRREAS: Reason for most frequently-granted deferment as of 2012
B2DFROCRTEA: Number of separate deferments granted for teacher, medical, or non-profit as of 2012
LOANBF071995: Borrowed federal loans before July 1995
2008-12 Baccalaureate and Beyond (B&B:08/12) variables revised. Learn More.
Newly revised variables now available in the 2008-12 Baccalaureate and Beyond PowerStats and QuickStats. The following variables have been revised:
|Variable Name||Variable Label||What change was made||Number of cases changed|
|B2FDDUE1||Cumulative federal amount owed (principal and interest) for undergraduate as of 2012||Cumulative amount was revised due to re-allocation of consolidated amounts to graduate level (B2FDCUM2)||1,320|
|B2FDDUE2||Cumulative federal amount owed (principal and interest) for graduate as of 2012||Cumulative amount was revised due to re-allocation of consolidated amounts to graduate level (B2FDCUM2)||1,310|
|B2DFR_AVG||Average number of deferments per loan as of 2012||Consolidated and cancelled loan amounts were removed from the denominator||50|
|B2DLQ_AVG||Average number of delinquencies per federal loan as of 2012||Consolidated and cancelled loan amounts were removed from the denominator||30|
|B2FBPERLN||Average number of forbearances per loan as of 2012||Consolidated and cancelled loan amounts were removed from the denominator||40|
|B2CNSCUM||Amount of federal loans consolidated as of 2012||Parent Plus loans and duplicate loans were removed from the total consolidated amount||600|
The values for the following variables have changed as a result of the changes to the variables above:
|Variable Name||Variable Label||Number of cases changed|
|B2BORAT||Cumulative amount borrowed for education as of 2012||70|
|B2DATFB||Latest forbearance date for borrower as of 2012||10|
|B2DEBTRT||Ratio of federal loans to annualized salary as of 2012||20|
|B2DEFER||Ever had a deferment on a loan as of 2012||10|
|B2DFR_ECON||Number of deferments for economic difficulty for all loans as of 2012||10|
|B2DFR_ENR||Number of deferments for student enrollment for all loans as of 2012||20|
|B2DFR_FAM||Number of deferments for family or disability for all loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2DFR_GOV||Number of deferments for government program (Action, Peace Corps, Head Start, NOAA) for all loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2DFR_MIL||Number of deferments for military or law enforcement for all loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2DFR_NUM||Total number of deferments for all loans as of 2012||20|
|B2DFR_REAS||Most common deferment reason for borrower for all loans as of 2012||10|
|B2DFR_TEA||Number of deferments for teacher, medical, or non-profit for all loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2DLQ_NOW||Currently in delinquent status - has a federal loan in delinquency in the 2011-12 academic year||<10|
|B2EVERDAFB||Ever had loans in deferment or forbearance as of 2012||10|
|B2EVERPIF||Ever had a loan paid in full as of 2012||<10|
|B2FDDUE3||Cumulative federal amount owed (principal and interest) for all education as of 2012||10|
|B2FDOWE1||Cumulative federal amount owed (principal) for undergraduate as of 2012|| 1,320|
|B2FEDCUM1||Cumulative amount borrowed in federal loans as of 2012 - undergraduate level||70|
|B2FEDCUM3||Cumulative total amount borrowed in federal loans as of 2012||70|
|B2FEDFYEAR||First year borrowed federal loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2FEDLYEAR||Last year borrowed federal loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2FORBAR||Ever had any loans in forbearance as of 2012||10|
|B2GP_USE||Borrower consolidated loans as of 2012||<10|
|B2LASTLEV||Grade level when last federal loan was received as of 2012||<10|
|B2LASTSTDT||Date of status of latest federal loan as of 2012||20|
|B2LNSTAT||Status of latest federal loan as of 2012||10|
|B2LOANPAID||All federal loans were paid in full as of 2012||<10|
|B2OWELRP||Total amount owed at time last entered repayment||40|
|B2OWEPNLRP||Outstanding principle amount at date last entered repayment||40|
|B2OWEPRIN||Latest federal amount owed - principal as of 2012||50|
|B2PAYSTAT||Repayment status for any loans in 2012 (federal and private)||<10|
|B2REPLN||Repayment plan of latest federal loan in 2012||10|
|B2T4XDUE||Cumulative Stafford and Perkins loan amount owed (principal and interest) as of 2012||<10|
|B2TOTDUE3||Cumulative amount owed for education loans as of 2012 (federal and private, principal and interest)||10|
Additional NPSAS:12 variables released
DECMAJ: Formally declared major field of study
BUDGETBK: Budgeted cost of books and supplies
MAJORCTE: Major field of study in career and technical education (CTE) field
NPSAS:12 variables revised
PMOMED, PDADED, PAREDUC were revised to correct an error in which the values for
“Doctoral degree - research/scholarship” and “Doctoral degree - professional practice”
were transposed for some students. This revision does not affect analyses that combined
these two categories, such as those where the top category was “Bachelor’s degree
MAJCHGFQ was revised to apply only to students who had formally declared a major
(DECMAJ = 1).
Additional NPSAS:08 variables released
DISTLOC2: Distance education: location of distance education program
INSTCAT: Institutional category
TCHCRS: Currently taking courses to prepare to teach at the K-12 level
TCHPLN: Plan to teach at the K-12 level
NPSAS:08 variables revised
PCTALL, PCTDEP, PCTINDEP, PCT6D, and PCT6I, which measure percentiles of income,
were recalculated using the revised NPSAS:08 weights.
NPSAS:12 variables revised
UGLVL2, STAFCT1, STAFCT2, STAFCT3, ESUBMX2, ETOTMX2, STSUBMX, STTOTMX were revised
to be consistent with NPSAS:08.
GRADPGM was revised to correct a programming error.
Additional NPSAS:12 variables released
REMSTAT: Remedial courses: Year taken and subjects taken in 2011-12
NPSAS:12 variables revised
CC2010B, CC2010C were revised to use IPEDS:2010-11 data instead of IPEDS:2009-10
data. Only one institution changed values.
TOTAL was revised to use IPEDS:2010-11 data instead of IPEDS:2009-10 data. Most
values changed, but changes were small.
REMETOOK was revised to be consistent with NPSAS:08 and to apply to all respondents.
Values previously set to legitimate skips (-3) were recoded to “no” (0).
Final set of NPSAS:12 variables released
For a codebook of variables and to build tables and run regressions off the data,
visit the DataLab: http://nces.ed.gov/datalab.
Note on enrollment totals for NPSAS:12 First Look Report
The NPSAS:12 First Look Report indicates that the sample represents 26 million undergraduates
and 4 million graduate students enrolled in postsecondary education between July
1, 2011 and June 30, 2012. These counts include students who were enrolled in multiple
institutions in the 2011-12 academic year. However, the estimates in PowerStats
and the restricted use file are based on an unduplicated enrollment count of 23
million undergraduates and 4 million graduate students. NPSAS:12 uses a multiplicity
adjustment to unduplicate the count of undergraduate and graduate students. This
unduplicated count is the weighted sum users will find on the NPSAS:12 dataset.
Revision of NPSAS:08 Weights
NCES has reweighted NPSAS:08 data to match weighting procedures used in NPSAS:12.
At the time NPSAS:08 was originally released, only 2006-07 12-month enrollment counts
were available from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) for
poststratification (weighting estimates to known population totals). The revised
weights, which use 2007-08 12-month enrollment counts, provide better estimates
in sectors where significant enrollment shifts occurred between 2006-07 and 2007-08.
Revised weights for NPSAS:08 were released simultaneously with the release of NPSAS:12
data. The release includes revisions to the public NCES analysis tools, PowerStats
and QuickStats, and to restricted-use data files. (The Institute of Education Sciences
Data Security Office will provide instructions to current NPSAS:08 restricted-use
data licensees on how to obtain the revised weights.) Prior NPSAS iterations did
not use IPEDS 12-month enrollment counts for poststratification and, as such, are
Why is it important to use the revised NPSAS:08 weights?
Since the release of NPSAS:08, NCES has observed substantial year-to-year volatility
in IPEDS 12-month unduplicated enrollment totals, particularly among for-profit
institutions. These fluctuations are large enough to influence NPSAS poststratification
adjustments and, consequently, the resulting estimates. This volatility, combined
with the ability to rely upon preliminary IPEDS data available earlier in NPSAS
data processing, has led NCES to change its poststratification procedures for NPSAS:12
and use preliminary current year 12-month enrollment counts rather than final, adjudicated
data from the prior academic year.
To maximize the benefit of these improved procedures, NCES has revised NPSAS:08
weights to reflect 12-month enrollment in the NPSAS year. As a result, analysts
can expect greater accuracy in estimates for institutions with enrollment volatility
during that time. The most notable improvement will be observed in those sectors
where enrollment volatility between 2006–07 and 2007–08 was greatest, in particular
private for-profit institutions. Because private for-profit institutions experienced
an enrollment surge between 2006–07 and 2007–08, NPSAS:08 underestimated enrollment
in that sector thereby overestimating ratio-based measures.
Differences in estimates before and after revision can be appreciable. For example,
at private for-profit 2-year or more institutions, in NPSAS:08 the percentage of
undergraduates who received federal aid decreased from 96 percent to 87 percent
after reweighting; for those with federal aid, the average amount decreased from
$7,700 to $7,300. Across sectors, the overall percentage of undergraduates who received
federal aid remained the same at 47 percent; however, the average amount of federal
aid decreased from $6,600 to $6,500.
Institutions in Puerto Rico not sampled in NPSAS:12
Puerto Rican institutions were not included in the 2012 administration of NPSAS.
Because Puerto Rican institutions have appeared in prior NPSAS studies with the
exception of NPSAS:1987, analysts wishing to compare NPSAS:12 to other NPSAS administrations
may filter those data sets on the COMPTO87 variable to exclude Puerto Rico. NCES
plans to include Puerto Rican institutions in future NPSAS cycles.
NPSAS:08 Student employment and remedial course variables were revised and new
In the NPSAS:08 undergraduate PowerStats, the variables pertaining to student employment
have been revised to correct the underestimates of students working full time and
considering themselves to be primarily employees rather than students. For example,
the estimated percentage of undergraduates considering themselves to be primarily
employees (JOBROLE2) has been increased from 15 percent to 24 percent, the percentage
working 35 or more hours per week (JOBENR2) has been increased from 26 percent to
34 percent, the average hours per week worked (JOBHOUR2) has been increased from
27 to 30 hours, and the average earnings per year (JOBEARN2) have been increased
from $10,700 to $14,400. The employment variables will also be revised for the NPSAS:08
graduate DAS in the near future.
The variables for whether the student took remedial courses in 2007-08 (REMETOOK)
and the number of remedial courses taken in 2007-08 (REMENUM) have been revised
to include all undergraduates in the denominator. REMETOOK is now consistent with
how the variable was coded in NPSAS:04. To restrict the denominator to include only
first- and second-year students and those who were not in a degree program, use
the variable REMETK2, Remedial courses: took in 2007-08 (1st and 2nd year students).
There has also been a minor revision to Undergraduate degree program (UGDEG). A
few cases were recoded, causing no impact on the estimates. New variables have been
added for net price, aid ratio, high school curriculum, college majors, and institution
Revision of the weights in NPSAS:1996, NPSAS:2000, and NPSAS:2004 Data Analysis
System files have been revised
The NPSAS:1996, NPSAS:2000, and NPSAS:2004 weights were revised in order to make
the federal Stafford loan estimates comparable across the various cycles of NPSAS.
The original weights were adjusted to sum to the total of Stafford loan gross commitments.
In NPSAS:2008, however, the weights were adjusted to sum to the total Stafford loan
net disbursements, which is the amount that students actually received after cancellations.
The revised weights for NPSAS:1996, NPSAS:2000, and NPSAS:2004 (revised in June
2009) have now all been adjusted to sum to the actual net Stafford loan amounts
disbursed and are now all comparable to the NPSAS:2008 Stafford loan data.
There has been no change in the NPSAS:1990 and NPSAS:1993 weights, because those
cycles of NPSAS did not adjust to Stafford loan totals.
The revised NPSAS:1996 and NPSAS:2000 weights will produce estimates that differ
from the estimates in any tables or publications produced before December 2009.
The NPSAS:04 weight will produce estimates that differ from any tables or publications
produced before June 2009. Using the revised weights has the largest effect on the
estimates of the average Stafford loan amounts, and therefore on the averages of
all composite financial aid variables that include Stafford loans, such as total
loans, total aid, and cumulative loans.
For undergraduates, applying the revised weights reduced the average Stafford loan
amount by about $600 in 2003-04, $300 in 1995-96, and by $500 in 1999-00. The average
amount of total aid in those years was reduced by about one-half of these amounts.
There were only minor changes in average grant amounts. However, the revised weights
will result in some changes in the estimates for nearly all variables in NPSAS:1996,
NPSAS:2000, and NPSAS:2005, although the differences are usually very small.