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Table B.1.45. Average scores of U.S. 15-year-old students on reading literacy scale in PISA, by race/ethnicity: 2009
Race/ethnicity   Score   s.e.
White, non-Hispanic 525 * 3.8
Black, non-Hispanic 441 * 7.2
Hispanic 466 * 4.3
Asian, non-Hispanic 541 * 9.4
American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic  
Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic  
Two or more races, non-Hispanic 502   6.4
U.S. average 500   3.7
OECD average 493   0.5
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
*p < .05. Significantly different from the U.S. and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) averages at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: Black includes African American, and Hispanic includes Latino. Students who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race. Although data for some race/ethnicities are not shown separately because the reporting standards were not met, they are included in the U.S. total. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table R3. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.