Skip Navigation

Return to Snapshot Library

Mathematics scores of 4th- and 8th-grade students on Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) at selected percentiles, by education system: 2011


See Science Results

PDF File PDF Version Mathematics scores of 4th-grade students on Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) at selected percentiles, by education system: 2011

NOTE: The mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 1,000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Education systems are ordered by the 50th percentile score. U.S. percentiles are marked by horizontal black lines and the United States is highlighted by a vertical grey bar. As an example, the graph indicates that a student scoring at the 90th percentile in the United States would be at about the 75th percentile in Japan.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2011.

See Science Results

Excel File Excel Version
Year Jurisdiction All students
10th
Percentile
Standard
error
25th
Percentile
Standard
error
50th
Percentile
Standard
error
75th
Percentile
Standard
error
90th
Percentile
Standard
error
2011 International Average 384 (0.8) 437 (0.6) 494 (0.5) 547 (0.5) 592 (0.6)
  Armenia 336 (3.8) 390 (5.4) 454 (5.3) 516 (4.0) 567 (5.7)
  Australia 402 (5.4) 462 (3.1) 520 (3.2) 574 (4.0) 624 (5.6)
  Austria 426 (5.3) 466 (3.7) 511 (3.2) 552 (2.9) 587 (2.9)
  Azerbaijan 328 (6.0) 391 (6.8) 465 (4.9) 535 (6.3) 594 (9.6)
  Bahrain 319 (6.0) 377 (4.3) 439 (3.1) 498 (4.3) 549 (5.1)
  Belgium (Flemish) 472 (2.0) 509 (3.2) 550 (2.1) 590 (2.9) 625 (3.1)
  Chile 355 (3.9) 407 (4.0) 463 (2.2) 518 (2.6) 565 (3.1)
  Chinese Taipei 495 (2.8) 546 (3.6) 596 (1.5) 642 (2.3) 681 (3.0)
  Croatia 402 (4.0) 446 (2.8) 493 (2.6) 537 (1.9) 573 (2.2)
  Czech Republic 419 (5.0) 467 (2.8) 514 (2.4) 560 (2.3) 598 (2.3)
  Denmark 445 (6.1) 493 (2.8) 541 (1.7) 585 (3.0) 624 (3.7)
  England 423 (5.1) 483 (6.4) 549 (3.5) 605 (2.5) 652 (5.2)
  Finland 456 (4.4) 501 (3.0) 549 (2.4) 592 (2.7) 631 (3.0)
  Georgia 331 (5.8) 392 (6.0) 456 (3.8) 512 (2.7) 559 (4.6)
  Germany 446 (4.6) 488 (2.9) 530 (3.2) 570 (2.3) 606 (3.4)
  Hong Kong SAR 519 (5.7) 563 (3.3) 606 (3.3) 645 (3.4) 681 (3.6)
  Hungary 397 (6.3) 462 (3.8) 523 (4.3) 577 (2.8) 623 (4.0)
  Iran, Islamic Rep. of 306 (7.2) 370 (3.3) 435 (2.8) 496 (3.9) 547 (4.6)
  Ireland 425 (4.7) 479 (3.0) 533 (3.9) 580 (2.9) 622 (4.7)
  Italy 414 (4.0) 461 (4.6) 510 (3.6) 557 (3.3) 598 (1.9)
  Japan 492 (3.7) 540 (2.1) 588 (1.7) 635 (2.4) 675 (1.8)
  Kazakhstan 390 (5.3) 442 (6.6) 502 (6.3) 560 (6.5) 608 (7.8)
  Korea, Rep. of 517 (3.2) 561 (2.4) 607 (2.3) 651 (2.1) 691 (3.2)
  Kuwait 207 (4.5) 271 (4.4) 346 (4.2) 415 (3.1) 470 (4.3)
  Lithuania 436 (3.6) 486 (2.9) 537 (3.8) 585 (2.7) 626 (3.3)
  Malta 391 (2.6) 446 (2.9) 502 (1.9) 549 (2.2) 590 (3.3)
  Morocco 206 (3.0) 261 (4.3) 329 (4.5) 404 (6.2) 472 (7.5)
  Netherlands 470 (2.3) 505 (2.6) 543 (2.5) 577 (1.9) 605 (2.8)
  New Zealand 374 (5.8) 432 (2.3) 492 (2.4) 545 (2.7) 589 (2.4)
  Northern Ireland 451 (5.1) 511 (3.8) 567 (3.4) 622 (3.0) 668 (5.5)
  Norway 406 (5.0) 451 (4.0) 497 (2.5) 542 (5.5) 581 (5.3)
  Oman 245 (4.3) 314 (4.2) 390 (4.1) 459 (2.8) 515 (2.5)
  Poland 384 (3.5) 435 (2.7) 485 (1.7) 531 (1.8) 570 (3.0)
  Portugal 445 (5.3) 488 (3.9) 534 (3.5) 578 (4.2) 619 (4.9)
  Qatar 274 (5.9) 338 (4.2) 416 (5.3) 487 (6.3) 547 (3.8)
  Romania 336 (13.4) 416 (8.5) 494 (6.1) 557 (6.0) 607 (6.8)
  Russian Federation 447 (6.1) 493 (4.0) 544 (3.4) 593 (4.5) 635 (4.3)
  Saudi Arabia 282 (6.6) 346 (5.2) 412 (5.8) 473 (5.9) 532 (7.5)
  Serbia 401 (5.7) 461 (2.9) 520 (5.5) 574 (2.2) 622 (3.0)
  Singapore 502 (4.6) 559 (5.3) 612 (3.3) 661 (4.2) 701 (3.0)
  Slovak Republic 402 (5.5) 460 (3.6) 513 (3.0) 561 (2.2) 600 (4.0)
  Slovenia 423 (2.9) 468 (2.3) 517 (1.7) 561 (3.6) 597 (2.6)
  Spain 388 (3.8) 435 (5.8) 486 (2.8) 532 (2.1) 572 (2.2)
  Sweden 416 (3.6) 462 (2.8) 507 (2.6) 549 (2.4) 587 (3.1)
  Thailand 352 (9.7) 406 (5.5) 462 (4.8) 514 (5.4) 557 (5.3)
  Tunisia 234 (5.1) 294 (3.7) 362 (5.8) 427 (4.8) 480 (4.2)
  Turkey 338 (7.4) 408 (6.1) 477 (4.1) 540 (3.6) 591 (4.1)
  United Arab Emirates 304 (3.3) 366 (2.8) 437 (3.0) 504 (2.5) 560 (2.1)
  United States 440 (3.6) 492 (2.2) 544 (2.9) 593 (2.3) 635 (2.7)
  Yemen 108 (8.7) 170 (6.7) 243 (5.8) 322 (6.5) 395 (5.6)
  Abu Dhabi, UAE 289 (6.1) 348 (5.3) 420 (5.4) 486 (6.1) 541 (8.9)
  Alberta, Canada 423 (5.0) 464 (3.2) 509 (3.1) 551 (3.4) 587 (2.7)
  Dubai, UAE 330 (3.6) 400 (3.8) 474 (2.2) 541 (2.6) 592 (1.9)
  Florida, US 448 (4.7) 495 (3.6) 545 (2.9) 596 (4.9) 641 (4.1)
  North Carolina, US 460 (6.1) 507 (5.8) 556 (3.2) 603 (3.2) 644 (5.6)
  Ontario, Canada 422 (5.8) 470 (4.1) 521 (2.9) 568 (5.8) 609 (5.9)
  Quebec, Canada 454 (3.6) 492 (2.9) 534 (2.4) 574 (2.8) 610 (3.5)

NOTE: Population coverage, participation rates, or sampling procedures deviated from international standards for 4th graders in the following jurisdictions (years in parentheses): Alberta-CAN (11, 07), Australia (03, 95), Austria (95), Azerbaijan (11), British Columbia-CAN (07), Croatia (11), Denmark (11, 07), Dubai-UAE (07), England (03, 95), Florida-US (11), Georgia (11, 07), Hong Kong (11, 03), Hungary (95), Israel (95), Kazakhstan (11, 07), Kuwait (11, 95), Latvia (07, 95), Lithuania (11, 07, 03), Massachusetts-US (07), Minnesota-US (07), Mongolia (07), the Netherlands (11, 07, 03, 95), North Carolina-US (11), Northern Ireland (11), Norway (11), Ontario-CAN (07), Qatar (11), Quebec-CAN (07), Scotland (07, 03, 95), Serbia (11), Singapore (11), Slovenia (95), Thailand (95), and United States (11, 07, 03). Data from these jurisdictions have issues that interfere with proper trend analysis: Armenia, Australia, Finland, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Morocco, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, South Africa, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, and Yemen. Details are available in the Help Guide. The Mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 1000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2011.

See Science Results

PDF File PDF Version Percentiles for mathematics, grade 8 by All students [TOTAL], year and jurisdiction: 2011

NOTE: The mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 1,000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Education systems are ordered by the 50th percentile score. U.S. percentiles are marked by horizontal black lines and the United States is highlighted by a vertical grey bar. As an example, the graph indicates that a student scoring at the 75th percentile in the United States would be at about the 25th percentile in Singapore.

SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2011.

See Science Results

Excel File Excel Version
Year Jurisdiction All students
10th
Percentile
Standard
error
25th
Percentile
Standard
error
50th
Percentile
Standard
error
75th
Percentile
Standard
error
90th
Percentile
Standard
error
2011 International Average 351 (0.9) 407 (0.7) 469 (0.7) 529 (0.7) 579 (0.8)
  Armenia 344 (4.6) 405 (4.6) 473 (3.3) 531 (2.6) 578 (3.9)
  Australia 397 (3.3) 445 (5.1) 503 (6.1) 560 (7.0) 618 (7.8)
  Bahrain 279 (5.7) 339 (3.3) 409 (2.1) 479 (2.0) 539 (3.6)
  Chile 315 (3.6) 361 (3.1) 414 (4.0) 469 (4.1) 522 (4.2)
  Chinese Taipei 459 (7.0) 543 (5.2) 623 (3.1) 683 (3.5) 734 (4.9)
  England 393 (7.0) 448 (8.3) 510 (6.3) 567 (7.4) 616 (6.6)
  Finland 430 (3.7) 470 (5.3) 516 (3.0) 559 (2.0) 596 (3.2)
  Georgia 289 (3.4) 356 (5.1) 435 (5.7) 507 (4.2) 563 (5.2)
  Ghana 222 (3.9) 271 (5.0) 328 (4.6) 389 (4.7) 442 (5.8)
  Hong Kong SAR 470 (10.9) 537 (6.2) 595 (4.3) 644 (5.5) 684 (3.6)
  Hungary 385 (5.1) 448 (3.7) 512 (3.1) 567 (4.1) 614 (3.9)
  Indonesia 280 (6.0) 330 (5.3) 386 (4.9) 442 (4.4) 494 (6.8)
  Iran, Islamic Rep. of 296 (4.6) 348 (4.5) 412 (4.8) 476 (5.5) 537 (7.1)
  Israel 381 (6.6) 452 (6.8) 525 (5.6) 585 (4.0) 636 (6.5)
  Italy 400 (6.4) 450 (2.9) 502 (3.9) 549 (2.3) 590 (4.2)
  Japan 458 (2.7) 515 (3.3) 574 (1.8) 630 (2.2) 674 (3.4)
  Jordan 271 (8.0) 340 (6.4) 413 (4.8) 479 (2.6) 528 (2.8)
  Kazakhstan 381 (4.9) 431 (5.0) 490 (5.8) 544 (5.4) 587 (5.3)
  Korea, Rep. of 492 (3.0) 555 (3.1) 619 (2.8) 676 (3.6) 724 (5.5)
  Lebanon 352 (3.8) 396 (4.4) 448 (4.1) 502 (3.3) 546 (7.4)
  Lithuania 401 (4.4) 450 (3.1) 505 (3.0) 558 (3.3) 602 (3.3)
  Macedonia, Rep. of 279 (9.6) 352 (5.3) 432 (5.5) 504 (6.6) 561 (5.5)
  Malaysia 319 (4.8) 373 (6.0) 440 (8.2) 507 (6.9) 560 (6.0)
  Morocco 264 (3.0) 312 (2.8) 367 (2.2) 428 (3.1) 484 (3.5)
  New Zealand 375 (5.1) 428 (5.9) 489 (6.8) 548 (7.2) 598 (5.4)
  Norway 390 (4.1) 431 (3.2) 477 (2.8) 520 (2.9) 556 (2.8)
  Oman 224 (4.8) 290 (3.8) 368 (3.1) 444 (3.0) 505 (2.4)
  Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 272 (3.5) 336 (5.5) 406 (3.3) 476 (4.9) 533 (4.6)
  Qatar 265 (6.0) 331 (5.7) 412 (5.7) 489 (2.9) 552 (5.6)
  Romania 327 (5.3) 386 (6.3) 458 (3.7) 529 (4.7) 592 (6.7)
  Russian Federation 431 (6.4) 485 (3.6) 543 (5.3) 596 (3.7) 641 (5.6)
  Saudi Arabia 274 (5.3) 329 (5.0) 392 (4.5) 458 (5.7) 516 (5.1)
  Singapore 494 (10.2) 559 (6.6) 620 (4.5) 672 (2.7) 713 (3.1)
  Slovenia 412 (3.5) 457 (3.3) 506 (2.1) 554 (3.0) 595 (3.1)
  Sweden 395 (2.5) 440 (3.2) 487 (2.0) 532 (2.4) 569 (2.2)
  Syrian Arab Republic 253 (8.6) 313 (5.9) 381 (4.5) 451 (4.7) 505 (6.3)
  Thailand 318 (3.5) 368 (4.0) 425 (5.3) 483 (4.7) 536 (8.7)
  Tunisia 330 (2.9) 373 (2.9) 421 (4.5) 475 (3.3) 525 (5.1)
  Turkey 311 (5.5) 374 (2.4) 447 (5.3) 529 (6.9) 603 (5.4)
  Ukraine 362 (7.0) 421 (5.5) 482 (3.8) 542 (4.5) 592 (5.9)
  United Arab Emirates 340 (3.1) 394 (2.1) 457 (2.7) 518 (2.5) 568 (3.7)
  United States 409 (4.1) 457 (3.7) 511 (3.4) 562 (3.1) 607 (4.9)
  Abu Dhabi, UAE 336 (6.2) 388 (4.6) 449 (3.8) 510 (5.4) 560 (5.6)
  Alabama, US 362 (6.6) 410 (9.8) 466 (7.9) 521 (8.6) 568 (11.9)
  Alberta, Canada 423 (3.7) 463 (3.2) 506 (2.2) 549 (2.9) 584 (3.0)
  California, US 389 (5.5) 439 (6.1) 494 (5.9) 548 (6.6) 595 (8.8)
  Colorado, US 415 (6.4) 464 (6.7) 521 (6.6) 572 (5.8) 615 (4.6)
  Connecticut, US 404 (6.5) 459 (6.4) 521 (6.0) 579 (5.2) 626 (5.0)
  Dubai, UAE 352 (2.7) 415 (4.0) 481 (2.2) 544 (3.5) 594 (5.4)
  Florida, US 418 (6.1) 460 (5.4) 511 (7.1) 564 (9.0) 614 (9.0)
  Indiana, US 427 (4.7) 473 (5.8) 524 (5.9) 570 (7.1) 612 (7.0)
  Massachusetts, US 466 (8.4) 513 (4.4) 563 (5.5) 611 (8.0) 653 (5.2)
  Minnesota, US 448 (6.6) 497 (6.4) 548 (5.4) 595 (5.3) 635 (5.5)
  North Carolina, US 434 (8.1) 483 (7.6) 537 (7.8) 591 (8.5) 639 (7.5)
  Ontario, Canada 419 (2.6) 465 (3.2) 514 (2.3) 561 (2.9) 599 (3.6)
  Quebec, Canada 449 (3.8) 491 (2.5) 534 (2.1) 575 (2.6) 609 (3.6)

— Not available.
† Not applicable.
NOTE: Population coverage, participation rates, or sampling procedures deviated from international standards for 8th graders in the following jurisdictions (years in parentheses): Alabama-US (11), Alberta-CAN (11), Australia (95), Austria (95), Belgium (Flemish) (99, 95), Belgium (French) (95), British Columbia-CAN (07), California-US (11), Colombia (95), Colorado-US (11), Connecticut-US (11), Denmark (95), Dubai-UAE (07), England (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Florida-US (11), Greece (95), Georgia (11, 07), Germany (95), Honduras-Grade 9 (11), Hong Kong (07, 03, 99), Indiana-US (11), Indonesia (03), Israel (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Kuwait (95), Latvia (99, 95), Lithuania (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Macedonia (03), Massachusetts-US (11, 07), Minnesota-US (11, 07), Mongolia (07), Morocco (03, 07), Netherlands (03, 99, 95), North Carolina-US (11) Ontario-CAN (11, 07), Quebec-CAN (07), Romania (95), Russian Federation (11), Scotland (07, 03, 95), Serbia (07, 03), Singapore (11), Slovenia (95), Switzerland (95), Thailand (95), and United States (11, 07, 03, 95). Data from these jurisdictions have issues that interfere with proper trend analysis: Armenia, Australia, Finland, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Morocco, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, South Africa, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, and Yemen. Details are available in the Help Guide. The Mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 1000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2011.