To better measure the knowledge and skills required for success in the 21st century, all international studies in which the United States participates through NCES are being transitioned to digitally-based studies. In this new format, participants respond to assessment or survey questions using a tablet or computer.
The transition to digitally-based assessments (DBA) will make possible:
Transition of Large-scale International Education Studies to Digitally-Based Assessment
|First Year of DBA Components
|DBA Implementation Details
|TALIS administers online teacher and principal questionnaires.
|PIAAC assesses adult literacy and numeracy using paper-based or computer-based assessments. PIAAC’s problem solving in technology-rich environments component is only computer-based. PIAAC administers online background questionnaires, with an option for paper where necessary.
|In 2012, PISA administered optional DBA assessments in mathematics, reading, and problem solving. In the 2015 cycle, all domains were administered online. PISA administers online curriculum, school, teacher, and student questionnaires.
|ICILS is a computer-based international assessment of eighth-grade students' computer and information literacy.
|In 2016, in addition to the paper-based PIRLS assessment, a subset of education systems administered ePIRLS, an innovative computer-based assessment of online reading. PIRLS administered online curriculum, school, and teacher questionnaires during this cycle.
|Children interact with tablet computers on activities to measure pre-literacy, pre-numeracy, self-regulation, and social emotional (empathy and trust) skills.
|In 2019, for both fourth and eighth grade, TIMSS administered eTIMSS, where mathematics and science items were administered via computers or tablets. TIMSS administers online curriculum, school, and teacher questionnaires.
|In 2021, PIRLS was administered as an entirely digital assessment referred to as digitalPIRLS, which included both the traditional PIRLS assessment in digital format as well as the interactive ePIRLS items. For the first time, the student questionnaire was also administered digitally.
*The United States did not participate in this cycle.