Table Q4. College summer course taking for high school class of 2013: Among fall 2009 ninth-graders whose first postsecondary enrollment after high school was in 2013–14, percentage who ever enrolled in summer and, among those students, average number of credits earned in summer courses, by selected characteristics (June 2016)

Characteristic Percent who ever enrolled
in summer
  Among students who ever
enrolled in summer, average
number of credits earned in
summer courses
Total 36.1   6.7  
Demographic characteristics        
Male 32.2   6.5  
Female 39.6   6.9  
White 35.5   6.7  
Black 36.5   6.9  
Hispanic 38.1   6.5  
Asian 45.0   6.9  
Other or Two or more races 29.1   6.9  
Highest education attained by either parent        
High school credential or lower 33.4   6.9  
Certificate or associate's degree 33.2   6.2  
Bachelor's degree or higher 39.6   6.8  
Family socioeconomic status quintile        
Lowest quintile 36.3   6.7  
Middle three quintiles 33.0   6.6  
Highest quintile 43.0   6.8  
Language student first learned to speak        
English only 35.2   6.6  
Non-English only 39.0   7.1  
English and non-English equally 43.5   6.8  
Ever had disability or special need2        
Yes 36.8   6.5  
No 36.3   7.0  
High school characteristics        
Mathematics achievement quintile        
Lowest fifth 28.1   5.7  
Middle three-fifths 35.2   6.5  
Highest fifth 41.5   7.3  
Cumulative high school grade point average        
Lower than 2.50 26.1   5.4  
2.50–2.99 38.5   6.6  
3.00–3.49 38.4   7.3  
3.50 or higher 42.1   7.0  
Sector of last high school        
Public 35.7   6.8  
Private 43.2   6.6  
High school credential type        
Regular high school diploma 36.5   6.7  
GED and other high school equivalency 24.7 !  
Postsecondary enrollment characteristics        
Control and level of first postsecondary institution3        
Public 2-year 34.9   6.2  
Public 4-year 41.8   7.0  
Private nonprofit 4-year 28.4   6.6  
Private for-profit 24.4   9.0  
State where student attended high school5        
National (public schools only) 35.5   6.7  
California 35.4   5.1  
Florida 56.2   9.2  
Georgia 29.9   7.8  
Michigan 36.2   7.0  
North Carolina 42.3   7.5  
Ohio 34.6   6.2  
Pennsylvania 33.4   6.6  
Tennessee 26.1   6.7  
Texas 47.0   7.5  
Washington 23.5   6.3  
! Interpret data with caution. Estimate is unstable because the standard error is between 30 and 50 percent of the estimate.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the standard error is greater than 50 percent of the estimate.
1Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and Other includes American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and individuals who indicated Two or more races or Other. All race categories exclude Hispanic or Latino origin.
2This variable indicates if a student had a serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions; had been told by a health or education professional that he/she had ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) or ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder); had a learning disability; was deaf or had a serious difficulty hearing; was blind or had a serious difficulty seeing; or had any other disability or special need.
3First institution is the first known postsecondary institution attended based on postsecondary transcripts.
4Includes public less-than-2-year, private nonprofit 2-year, and private nonprofit less-than-2-year institutions.
5Base-year (2009) public school and student samples are state representative for a subset of 10 states listed in the table. Students attending public schools in all other states are included in the "National (public schools only)" category.
NOTE: Summer enrollment is defined as enrolling in any course with a start date in May, June, July, or August, and an end date in June, July, or August of the same year. "Ever enrolled in summer" counts any summer enrollment through June 2016. This table excludes students whose postsecondary enrollment was exclusively through dual or concurrent enrollment while in high school (i.e., taking postsecondary courses while still in high school).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09), Base Year, First Follow-Up, 2013 Update, High School Transcript Study, and Postsecondary Education Transcript Study and Student Financial Aid Records Data Collection.