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Title: Exploring district-level expenditure-to-performance ratios
Description: Districts across the nation are seeking ways to increase efficiency by maintaining, if not improving, educational outcomes using fewer resources. One proxy for school district efficiency is an expenditure-to-performance ratio, for example a ratio of per pupil expenditures to student academic performance. Using state education department data from an example state in the Regional Educational Laboratory Northeast & Islands Region, researchers created six different expenditure-to-performance ratios and investigated how districts' inclusion in the highest quartile on districts rankings varied according to the expenditure and performance measures used to calculate each ratio. By demonstrating the variability in district rankings depending on the ratio being examined, this guide provides states and districts with evidence to suggest that state policymakers should carefully consider the examination of expenditure and performance measures that are most relevant to their questions of interest when investigating district efficiency.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: March 2017
Web Release: March 22, 2017
Print Release:
Publication #: REL 2017267
General Ordering Information
Center/Program: REL
Associated Centers: NCEE
Type of Product: Applied Research Methods
Questions: For questions about the content of this Applied Research Methods, please contact:
Amy Johnson.