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Title: School discipline data indicators: A guide for districts and schools
Description: Disproportionate rates of suspension for students of color are a local, state, and national concern. In particular, African American, Hispanic/Latino(a), and American Indian students experience suspensions more frequently than their White peers. Disciplinary actions that remove students from classroom instruction undermine their academic achievement and weaken their connection with school. This REL Northwest guide is designed to help educators use data to reduce disproportionate rates of suspension and expulsion based on race or ethnicity. It provides examples of selecting and analyzing data to determine whether racial disproportionality exists in a school or district's discipline practices. The guide also describes how to apply the Plan-Do-Study-Act continuous improvement cycle to inform intervention decisions and monitor progress toward desired outcomes.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: April 2017
Web Release: April 14, 2017
Print Release:
Publication #: REL 2017240
General Ordering Information
Center/Program: REL
Associated Centers: NCEE
Type of Product: Applied Research Methods
Questions: For questions about the content of this Applied Research Methods, please contact:
Amy Johnson.