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Title: Working Paper: Optimal Rating Procedures and Methodology for NAEP Open-ended Items
Description: This study considers the fragmented analysis of errors in the rating of open-ended responses; it develops a methodology for a more unified analysis; the methodology is applied to analyze rater effects; imaging technology is used to minimize rater effects; and then conclusions are drawn and recommendations are made based on these analyses.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: November 1997
Web Release: December 18, 1997
Print Release:
Publication #: NCES 9737
General Ordering Information
Center/Program: NCES
Type of Product: Working Paper
  Working Papers provide preliminary analysis of substantive, technical, and methodological issues. They are works in progress that are presented to promote the sharing of valuable work experience and knowledge. These papers have not undergone a rigorous review for consistency with NCES standards.
Survey/Program Areas: National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
Questions: For questions about the content of this Working Paper, please contact:
Emmanuel Sikali.