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 Pub Number  Title  Date
REL 2016122 A Review of the Literature to Identify Leading Indicators Related to Hispanic STEM Postsecondary Educational Outcomes
The purpose of this study was to review recent peer-reviewed studies in order to identify malleable factors measured in K–12 settings that are related to students' postsecondary STEM success, particularly for Hispanic students. Postsecondary STEM success was defined as enrollment in, persistence in, and completion of postsecondary STEM majors or degrees. Twenty-three relevant studies were identified, yet only 4 examined K–12 factors predictive of postsecondary STEM success specifically for Hispanic students. The review found that the number of high school mathematics and science courses taken, and the level of those courses is a consistent predictor of postsecondary STEM outcomes for all student subgroups. However, the literature indicates that minority students, including Hispanics, were less likely to take the highest-level mathematics and science courses. Students' interest and confidence in STEM at the K–12 levels was also predictive of postsecondary STEM success. Yet, despite lower levels of postsecondary STEM success, some studies indicate racial/ethnic minority and White students had similar levels of interest and confidence in STEM. The reviewed research suggests that reducing disparities in mathematics and science preparation between Hispanic and White students and increasing the rates at which Hispanic students take high-level mathematics and science classes has promise for informing interventions designed to improve STEM outcomes.
4/19/2016
NCES 2016105 NAEP Technical Documentation
This section of the NAEP website, technical documentation on the web (TDW), is written for researchers and assumes knowledge of educational measurement and testing. TDW contains information about the technical procedures and methods of NAEP. The TDW site is organized by topic (from Instruments through Analysis and Scaling) with subtopics, including information specific to a particular assessment. Each page has a link for previewing a printer-friendly version, if you wish to print. To view all contents currently available on the TDW website in a single display, click on the Table of Contents link.
2/25/2016
NCER 20162000 A Compendium of Math and Science Research Funded by NCER and NCSER: 2002–2013
Between 2002 and 2013, the Institute of Education Sciences (Institute) funded over 300 projects focused on math and science through the National Center for Education Research (NCER) and the National Center for Special Education Research (NCSER). Together, researchers funded by NCER and NCSER have developed or tested more than 215 instructional interventions (e.g., packaged curricula, intervention frameworks, and instructional approaches), 75 professional development programs, 165 educational technologies, and 65 assessments in math and science. NCER commissioned the development of this compendium with the intent to present information in a structured, accessible, and usable manner. This compendium organizes information on the NCER and NCSER projects into two main sections: Mathematics and Science. Within each section, projects are sorted into chapters based on content area, grade level, and intended outcome. The compendium also includes multiple appendices and an index to help readers locate specific types of information (e.g., projects that focus on English language learners, specific interventions).
10/23/2015
NCES 2015011 Digest of Education Statistics, 2013
The 49th in a series of publications initiated in 1962, the Digest's purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of education from prekindergarten through graduate school. The Digest contains data on a variety of topics, including the number of schools and colleges, teachers, enrollments, and graduates, in addition to educational attainment, finances, and federal funds for education, libraries, and international comparisons.
5/7/2015
NCES 2014461 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study: Technical Report on the Linking Methodologies and Their Evaluations
This technical report describes several methods used to establish statistical links between the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the 2011 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in mathematics and science at grade 8. The goal of the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking study, supported by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), was to obtain comparable TIMSS results for U.S. states that participated in NAEP but did not participate in TIMSS. Based on the results from the 2011 linking study, it was found that NAEP performance data can be expressed in the metric of TIMSS. By expressing both assessments in the same metric, the TIMSS mean and benchmark percentages that each state might have obtained (had that state actually taken TIMSS) can be reported and compared to international TIMSS results.
10/8/2014
NCES 2014015 Digest of Education Statistics, 2012
The 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962, the Digest's purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of education from prekindergarten through graduate school. The Digest contains data on a variety of topics, including the number of schools and colleges, teachers, enrollments, and graduates, in addition to educational attainment, finances, and federal funds for education, libraries, and international comparisons.
12/31/2013
NCES 2014001REV STEM Attrition: College Students’ Paths Into and Out of STEM Fields
This Statistical Analysis Report presents the most recent national statistics on beginning bachelor’s and associate’s degree students’ entrance into, and attrition from, STEM fields. Using recent transcript data, it provides a first look at STEM coursetaking and examines how participation and performance in undergraduate STEM coursework, along with other factors, are associated with STEM attrition. The study is based on data from the 2004/09 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:04/09) and the associated 2009 Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS:09).
11/26/2013
NCES 2013460 U.S. States in a Global Context: Results from the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study

The U.S. States in a Global Context report presents results from the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study in mathematics and science at grade 8 for 52 states (includes the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense schools) and 47 education systems (38 countries and 9 subnational education systems).

Results are reported as average scores on the TIMSS scales (0–1,000 with an average of 500) and percentages of students scoring at or above the TIMSS international benchmarks: Advanced (625), High (550), Intermediate (475), and Low (400). Three linking methods¯statistical moderation, statistical projection, and calibration¯were applied to predict TIMSS results for 43 states that had participated only in NAEP. The three linking methods produced similar results. Of these, the statistical moderation linking method was selected to predict the TIMSS results that are reported for those states. Nine states participated in TIMSS 2011, and their actual TIMSS results are reported (Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, and North Carolina).

Mathematics
Compared to the TIMSS average, 36 states scored higher, 10 states scored comparably, and 6 states scored lower. Massachusetts scored higher than 42 education systems. Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong SAR, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore scored higher than all 52 U.S. states.

Among the states, Massachusetts had the highest percentage of students scoring at the Advanced level (19 percent) and at or above the High level (57 percent). Among the education systems, Chinese Taipei had the highest percentage of students scoring at the Advanced level (49 percent), while Singapore had the highest percentage at or above the High level (78 percent).

Science
Compared to the TIMSS average, 47 states scored higher, 2 states scored comparably, and 3 states scored lower. Massachusetts and Vermont scored higher than 43 education systems. Singapore scored higher than all 52 U.S. states.

Among the states, Massachusetts had the highest percentage of students scoring at the Advanced level (24 percent) and at or above the High level (61 percent). Among the education systems, Singapore had the highest percentage of students at the Advanced level (40 percent) and at or above the High level (69 percent).

10/24/2013
NCES 2013469 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study: Linking Methodologies and Their Evaluations

The 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking study conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) was designed to predict Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) scores for the U.S. states that participated in 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics and science assessment of eighth-grade students. The purpose of conducting the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking study was two-fold. The study was conducted to see whether it is possible to predict TIMSS scores for the states that did not participate in the TIMSS assessment. Secondly, the study was conducted to identify a method among various methodologies suggested in the literature for linking two assessments that are somewhat different.

This 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking methodology paper was prepared to supplement the reading of U.S. States in a Global Context: Results From the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study, NCES 2013-460.

10/24/2013
NCES 2013450 Mega-States: An Analysis of Student Performance in the Five Most Heavily Populated States in the Nation
California, Florida, Illinois, New York, and Texas enroll close to 40 percent of the nation’s public school students. The importance of these “Mega-States” goes beyond the sheer size of their population. They now serve more than half of the nation’s English language learners (ELL), as well as some of the largest concentrations of children from lower-income families. As policymakers and educators look at the nation’s changing demographics and explore ways to close achievement gaps, the educational progress of children in these states is of interest far beyond their state borders. That’s why the National Center for Education Statistics and the National Assessment Governing Board focused this special report on educational outcomes in the five largest states.

Mega-States generally do not perform higher than the nation, but they have made some gains over time. The most recent NAEP results reveal some achievements and challenges across the Mega-States. They include the following:

  • California scored lower than the nation in reading, mathematics, and science.
  • Florida scored higher than the nation in grade 4 reading, but lower in grade 8 mathematics and science.
  • Illinois scored higher than the nation in grade 8 reading, but lower in science.
  • New York scored higher than the nation in grade 4 reading, but lower in grade 4 mathematics and grade 8 mathematics and science.
  • Texas scored higher than the nation in grade 8 mathematics and science, and lower in reading.

The report features more information on the performance of different student groups in these assessments, and looks at gains over time. In many cases, students in the Mega-States have made significant gains, or rival the nation in the percentage of students at the Proficient achievement level.

2/21/2013
NCES 2013151REV Web Tables—An Overview of Classes Taken and Credits Earned by Beginning Postsecondary Students
These Web Tables provide an overview of classes taken and credits earned by a nationwide sample of first-time beginning postsecondary students based on data from the Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS) of the 2004/09 Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study. PETS collected transcripts from all the postsecondary institutions students attended, providing a complete 6-year record of students’ coursetaking and credit accumulation. Topics covered in these Web Tables include precollege credits, remedial education participation, withdrawals and repeated courses, and credits earned in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Tables also present credits earned in each year of enrollment and total credits earned by whether students earned a credential.
11/5/2012
NCES 2012468 Science in Action: Hands-On and Interactive Computer Tasks From the 2009 Science Assessment
Interactive computer and hands-on tasks were designed to assess how well students can perform scientific investigations, draw valid conclusions, and explain their results. As a part of the 2009 science assessment, a new generation of hands-on tasks was administered during which students worked with lab materials and other equipment to perform experiments. While hands-on tasks have been used in NAEP since the 1990s, these new tasks present students with more open-ended scenarios that require a deeper level of planning, analysis, and synthesis. For the first time, the NAEP science assessment also included interactive computer tasks in science. While performing the interactive computer and hands-on tasks, students manipulate objects and perform actual experiments, offering us richer data on how students respond to scientific challenges. Several key discoveries were observed.
  • Students were successful on parts of investigations that involved limited sets of data and making straightforward observations of that data.
  • Students were challenged by parts of investigations that contained more variables to manipulate or involved strategic decision making to collect appropriate data.
  • The percentage of students who could select correct conclusions from an investigation was higher than for those students who could select correct conclusions and also explain their results.
6/19/2012
NCES 2012001 Digest of Education Statistics, 2011
The 47th in a series of publications initiated in 1962, the Digest's primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from prekindergarten through graduate school. The Digest contains data on a variety of topics, including the number of schools and colleges, teachers, enrollments, and graduates, in addition to educational attainment, finances, and federal funds for education, libraries, and international comparisons.
6/13/2012
WWC IRSGE12 Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS) Space Science
Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS) Space Science is an instructional sequence for grades 3-5. The curriculum covers fundamental science concepts by utilizing models, hands-on investigations, peer-to-peer discussions, reflection, and informational student readings. The WWC reviewed two studies that investigated the effects of GEMS Space Science on elementary school students. One study, a randomized controlled trial, meets WWC evidence standards without reservations. The study included 2,594 Florida elementary school students from grades 4 and 5. Based on this study, the WWC found GEMS Space Science to have potentially positive effects on general science achievement for elementary school students.
6/5/2012
NCES 2012465 The Nation’s Report Card: Science 2011
This report presents results of the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in science at grade 8. National results are based on representative samples of public and private school students from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Department of Defense schools. State results are reported separately for public-school students from these states and jurisdictions. Student performance is reported as average scale scores and as percentages of students performing at or above three achievement levels: Basic, Proficient, and Advanced. Results for student demographic groups defined by various characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, gender, and type of school) are included, as well as sample assessment questions with examples of student responses. Results from the 2011 assessment are compared to those from 2009. The Technical Notes provide information on NAEP samples, school and student participation rates, and the exclusion and accommodation of students with disabilities and English language learners.

The overall average score for the nation at grade 8 was 2 points higher in 2011 than in 2009. Score gaps between White and Black students and White and Hispanic students narrowed from 2009 to 2011. Sixty-five percent of eighth-graders performed at or above the Basic level in 2011, 32 percent performed at or above Proficient, and 2 percent performed at the Advanced level. The percentages of students at or above Basic and at or above Proficient were higher in 2011 than in 2009.

Of the 47 states/jurisdictions that participated in 2009 and 2011, public-school students in 16 states scored higher in 2011 than in 2009. In 2011, students in 29 states scored higher than the national average, and in 16 states they scored lower.
5/10/2012
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