Search Results: (1-15 of 368 records)
|NCES 2017056||Certification Status and Experience of U.S. Public School Teachers: Variations Across Student Subgroups
This report provides a snapshot of the extent to which U.S. public schools students are taught by certified and experienced teachers using two available datasets. The Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) provides a comprehensive picture, as it includes teachers of K–12 students in all subjects and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) provides a picture specific to grades 4 and 8. In addition, NAEP data are directly related to teachers of two key subjects: reading and mathematics. SASS data are available for the 2011–12 school year and NAEP data are available for 2013 and 2015.
|REL 2017256||Impact of the Developing Mathematical Ideas professional development program on grade 4 students’ and teachers’ understanding of fractions
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of the Developing Mathematical Ideas (DMI) professional development program on grade 4 teachers’ in-depth knowledge of fractions as well as their students’ understanding and proficiency with fractions. The study was conducted during the 2014/15 school year. A total of 84 schools from eight school districts in three states (Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina) agreed to participate. Participants included 264 grade 4 teachers and their 4,204 students. The study utilized the “gold standard” methodology involving random assignment of schools to either DMI or the control condition. Teachers in the DMI condition participated in 24 hours of professional development on fractions during fall 2014. They attended eight 3-hour sessions conducted over four days (two 3-hour sessions per day; one day per month). DMI did not demonstrate any impact on student knowledge of fractions. Students of DMI teachers performed at almost the same level as those taught by control teachers; the difference was not statistically significant. The impact of the DMI on teachers’ knowledge of fractions was inconclusive. DMI teachers performed slightly better than teachers who did not participate in DMI, but the result was not statistically significant. It was, however, close to the threshold of statistical significance (p = .051).
|NCES 2017161||The National Indian Education Study: 2015
The National Indian Education Study (NIES) is designed to describe the condition of education for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) students in the United States. NIES is conducted under the direction of the National Center for Education Statistics on behalf of the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Indian Education.
The results presented in this report focus primarily on the educational experiences of AI/AN students at grades 4 and 8 based on their responses and the responses of their teachers and school administrators to selected NIES 2015 survey questions. Approximately 8,500 fourth-graders and 8,200 eighth-graders participated in the NIES 2015 student survey. Teachers and school administrators also completed surveys. The survey results displayed are reported as percentages of AI/AN students attending schools that varied in the proportion of AI/AN students within their student population—low AI/AN density public schools (less than 25 percent of students were AI/AN), high AI/AN density public schools (25 percent or more of students were AI/AN), and Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools.
Also included in this report are performance results for AI/AN students in the 14 states with samples large enough to report separate results for AI/AN students in 2015. State-level average scores in NAEP reading and mathematics for AI/AN fourth- and eighth- graders from earlier NAEP assessments in 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011 are compared to their average reading and mathematics scores in 2015.
|REL 2017222||How do Algebra I course repetition rates vary among English learner students by length of time to reclassification as English proficient?
This study examines the variation in performance and course repetition among different English proficiency status student subgroups. Using data from one high school district in California and five of its seven feeder elementary school districts, the authors found that long-term English learner students who were never reclassified to English proficient have the highest rates of repeating algebra I at 67.5 percent, followed by long-term English learner students reclassified to English proficient after grade 6 at 58.6 percent, those who were never designated as English learner students at 44.2 percent, and finally English learner students reclassified before grade 7 at 30.2 percent. Among students who repeat algebra I, this study found that English learner students reclassified before grade 7 tended to perform the best, with 52.0 percent of these students earning an average grade of C or better when repeating. Higher proportions of these students also completed algebra II or higher with an average grade of C or better, at 20.4 percent. In comparison, long-term English learner students never reclassified and those reclassified to English proficient after grade 6 had the lowest rates of earning an average grade of C or better when repeating algebra I, and they had the lowest proportion of students to complete algebra II or higher with an average grade of C or better by grade 12. A similar ranking pattern was also observed among students who never repeated algebra I. These findings show that long-term English learner students and those reclassified to English proficient after grade 6 tend to struggle with algebra I in comparison to other students, and that English learner students reclassified before grade 7 tend to perform the best—even compared with students who were never classified as English learner students. Additional resources may need to be directed toward long-term English learner students and those reclassified after grade 6. Such resources can include differentiated support based on student needs before students enroll in the course as well as while they are enrolled in the course.
|NCES 2016014||Digest of Education Statistics, 2015
The 51st in a series of publications initiated in 1962, the Digest's purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of education from prekindergarten through graduate school. The Digest contains data on a variety of topics, including the number of schools and colleges, teachers, enrollments, and graduates, in addition to educational attainment, finances, and federal funds for education, libraries, and international comparisons.
|NCES 2017048||Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
This report provides international comparisons of student performance in science, reading, and mathematics literacy from the PISA 2015 assessment. In 2015, 70 education systems, including the United States, participated in PISA. In addition, Massachusetts, North Carolina, and Puerto Rico participated in PISA separately from the nation.
The report includes average scores in the three subject areas; score gaps across the three subject areas between the top (90th percentile) and low performing (10th percentile) students; the percentages of students reaching selected PISA proficiency levels; and trends in U.S. performance in the three subjects over time.
Additional findings from PISA 2015 are available on the NCES PISA website at http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/pisa2015/.
|NCES 2016058||Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) 2014: U.S. National Supplement Restricted Use Data Files-Prison
The 2014 PIAAC U.S. Prison Study Restricted Use File (RUF) contains individual unit record data including responses to both the background questionnaire and the cognitive assessment from the data collection completed in 2014. Statistical disclosure control treatments were applied due to confidentiality concerns. In addition to the variables in the Prison Study PUF (NCES 2016-337), the RUF contains detailed versions of variables and additional data collected through U.S. specific questionnaire routing . The RUF can be accessed through a restricted use license agreement with the National Center for Education Statistics. For more details on the RUF, please refer to Appendix E of the U.S. PIAAC Technical Report 2012/2014 (NCES 2016-036) with additional details on the prison variables found in the Addendum to the Technical Report (NCES 2016-036).
|NCES 2016337||Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) 2014: U.S. National Supplement Public Use Data Files-Prison
The 2014 PIAAC U.S. Prison Study Public Use File (PUF) contains individual unit record data including responses to both the background questionnaire and the cognitive assessment from the data collection completed in 2014. Statistical disclosure control treatments were applied due to confidentiality concerns. For more details on the Prison Study PUF, please refer to Appendix E of the U.S. PIAAC Technical Report 2012/2014 (NCES 2016-036).
|NCEE 20164010||Focusing on Mathematical Knowledge: The Impact of Content-Intensive Teacher Professional Development
A popular strategy for improving student achievement in math is to provide teachers with professional development (PD) that deepens their conceptual understanding of math. This report examines the effectiveness of such a PD program. The PD program included an 80-hour summer workshop (Intel Math) that focused on grades K-8 math, as well as 13 additional hours of collaborative meetings focused on analyzing student work and one-on-one coaching based on observations of teachers' lessons. More than 200 4th-grade teachers from six districts in five states were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received the study PD or a control group that did not. The study PD had a positive impact on teachers' math knowledge and on their use and quality of mathematical explanations in class. However, the study PD did not have a positive impact on student achievement.
|REL 2016180||Predicting math outcomes from a reading screening assessment in grades 3–8
District and state education leaders and teachers frequently use assessments to identify students who are at risk of performing poorly on end-of-year reading achievement tests. This study explores the use of a universal screening assessment of reading skills for the identification of students who are at risk for low achievement in mathematics and provides support for the interpretation of screening scores to inform instruction. The study results demonstrate that a reading screening assessment predicted poor performance on a mathematics outcome (the Stanford Achievement Test) with similar levels of accuracy as screening assessments that specifically measure mathematics skills. These findings indicate that a school district could use an assessment of reading skills to screen for risk in both reading and mathematics, potentially reducing costs and testing time. In addition, this document provides a decision tree framework to support implementation of screening practices and interpretation by teachers.
|REL 2016140||"Double-dosing" in math in North Carolina public schools
Double-dosing expands time for students to learn mathematics by having them participate in two (or occasionally more) mathematics classes during the regular school day in a given school year. Although the practice can take different forms and be used for different grade levels, most research on double-dosing has focused on students who need preparation to make the transition to Algebra I or similar rigorous high school mathematics classes—typically, grade 8 or grade 9 students. This study provides a more complete picture of the prevalence of double-dosing in mathematics in one state for the most recent year data were available: North Carolina in 2011/12. In addition to describing the prevalence of double-dosing in mathematics, the study reports the extent of its use for remediation, grade-level maintenance, and enrichment. The report also compares schools that offer double-dosing in mathematics with those that do not and examines the various characteristics of students enrolled in double-dosing.
|NCER 20162003||Synthesis of IES-Funded Research on Mathematics: 2002–2013
This synthesis reviews published papers on IES-supported research from projects awarded between 2002 and 2013. The authors identified 28 specific contributions that IES-funded research made to support mathematics learning and teaching from kindergarten through secondary school. The publication organizes the contributions by topic and grade level and each section describes the contributions IES-funded researchers are making in these areas and discusses the projects behind the contributions.
|NCES 2016070||Primary Early Care and Education Arrangements and Achievement at Kindergarten Entry
The report explores the relationship between children’s primary early care and education (ECE) arrangements the year before kindergarten and their academic skills and learning behaviors at kindergarten entry, after accounting for child and family background characteristics.
No studies of enVisionMath that fall within the scope of the Primary Mathematics review protocol meet WWC group design standards. Because no studies meet WWC group design standards at this time, the WWC is unable to draw any conclusions based on research about the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of enVisionMath on the achievement of primary students in kindergarten through grade 6. Research that meets WWC design standards is needed to determine the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of this intervention.
|WWC IRM654||Cognitive Tutor
The Cognitive Tutor secondary mathematics curriculum offers a variety of courses designed to improve mathematics achievement. The curriculum focuses on how students think about and learn mathematics and can be implemented using a textbook, adaptive software, or both. The WWC found that Cognitive Tutor Algebra I has mixed effects on algebra achievement and no discernible effects on general mathematics achievement for secondary students. In addition, the WWC found that Cognitive Tutor Geometry has potentially negative effects on geometry achievement for secondary students. No studies that examine Cognitive Tutor Algebra II or Cognitive Tutor Integrated Math I, II, and III meet WWC group design standards; therefore, more research is needed to determine their effectiveness.