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 Pub Number  Title  Date
NCES 2017048 Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science, Reading, and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context: First Look at PISA 2015
This report provides international comparisons of student performance in science, reading, and mathematics literacy from the PISA 2015 assessment. In 2015, 70 education systems, including the United States, participated in PISA. In addition, Massachusetts, North Carolina, and Puerto Rico participated in PISA separately from the nation.

The report includes average scores in the three subject areas; score gaps across the three subject areas between the top (90th percentile) and low performing (10th percentile) students; the percentages of students reaching selected PISA proficiency levels; and trends in U.S. performance in the three subjects over time.

Additional findings from PISA 2015 are available on the NCES PISA website at http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/pisa2015/.
12/6/2016
NCES 2017002 Highlights from TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Students in Grades 4 and 8 and in Advanced Courses at the End of High School in an International Context
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2015 is the sixth administration of this international comparative study since 1995 when first administered. TIMSS is used to compare over time the mathematics and science knowledge and skills of fourth- and eighth-graders. TIMSS is designed to align broadly with mathematics and science curricula in the participating countries. The results, therefore, suggest the degree to which students have learned mathematics and science concepts and skills likely to have been taught in school. In 2015, TIMSS was administered in 49 IEA member countries and 6 other education systems at grade 4, and in 38 IEA member countries and 6 other education systems at grade 8.

TIMSS Advanced assesses the advanced mathematics and physics knowledge and skills of students at the end of high school who have taken courses in advanced mathematics and physics. TIMSS Advanced 2015 represents only the second administration in which the United States has participated since the first administration in 1995, and is designed to align broadly with the advanced mathematics and physics curricula in the participating countries. The results, therefore, suggest the degree to which students have learned the advanced mathematics and physics concepts and skills likely to have been taught in school. Nine countries participated in TIMSS Advanced 2015.

The focus of the report is on the performance of U.S. students relative to their peers in other countries on TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced 2015, and, for TIMSS results, on changes in achievement since 2011 and 1995. For a number of participating countries and education systems, changes in achievement can be documented over the last 20 years, from 1995 to 2015. This report also describes the characteristics of students who participated in the advanced mathematics and physics assessments at the end of high school, and describes the performance of males and females in these subjects. In addition, it includes achievement in Florida, a U.S. state that participated in TIMSS both as part of the U.S. national sample of public and private schools as well as individually with state-level samples of public schools.

In addition to numerical scale results, TIMSS also includes international benchmarks. The TIMSS international benchmarks provide a way to interpret the scale scores by describing the types of knowledge and skills students demonstrate at different levels along the TIMSS scale.

Additional tables with TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced results will be available on the NCES website at http://nces.ed.gov/timss/timss15.asp.
11/29/2016
NCES 2016144 The Condition of Education 2016
NCES has a mandate to report to Congress on the condition of education by June 1 of each year. The Condition of Education 2016 summarizes important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The 2016 report presents 43 key indicators on the status and condition of education and are grouped under four main areas: (1) population characteristics, (2) participation in education, (3) elementary and secondary education, and (4) postsecondary education. Also included in the report are 3 Spotlight indicators that provide a more in-depth look at some of the data.
5/26/2016
NCES 2014461 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study: Technical Report on the Linking Methodologies and Their Evaluations
This technical report describes several methods used to establish statistical links between the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and the 2011 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in mathematics and science at grade 8. The goal of the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking study, supported by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), was to obtain comparable TIMSS results for U.S. states that participated in NAEP but did not participate in TIMSS. Based on the results from the 2011 linking study, it was found that NAEP performance data can be expressed in the metric of TIMSS. By expressing both assessments in the same metric, the TIMSS mean and benchmark percentages that each state might have obtained (had that state actually taken TIMSS) can be reported and compared to international TIMSS results.
10/8/2014
NCES 2014028 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 U.S. Public-use Data Files
The PISA 2012 U.S. public-use data files and documentation include the following: U.S. national PISA 2012 data in ASCII text format, including variables unique to the United States; SPSS and SAS control files for reading the data and producing SPSS and SAS system files; codebooks; illustrative code for merging student and school-level files; a Read Me file, and a Quick Guide.

Users of this data should also consult the PISA 2012 U.S. Technical Report and User Guide available for viewing and downloading at http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2014025.
5/15/2014
NCES 2014025 Technical Report and User Guide for the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012
The Technical Report and User Guide for the PISA 2012 is a technical manual that describes how the U.S. data were collected and processed as well as how to use the data files to conduct statistical analyses. Information is presented on sampling, response rates, school and student recruitment, instrument development and distribution, and data management. The appendices of the Technical Report and User Guide include school recruitment materials, student and parent materials, student and school questionnaires, and a nonresponse bias analysis of PISA 2012 U.S. data.
4/16/2014
NCES 2014027 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 U.S. Restricted-use Data File
This CD-ROM contains PISA 2012 restricted-use data for the United States, including variables unique to U.S. data collection (e.g., student race/ethnicity). The CD-ROM includes the data file, a codebook, instructions on how to merge with the U.S. public-use dataset, and a cross-walk to assist in merging with other public datasets, such as the Common Core of Data (CCD) and Private School Survey (PSS). A restricted-use license must be obtained before access to the data is granted. Click on the restricted-use license link below for more details.
4/16/2014
NCES 2014055 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 Massachusetts Restricted-use Data File
This CD-ROM contains PISA 2012 restricted-use data for Massachusetts, including variables unique to U.S. data collection. Massachusetts is one of three states to participate separately from the nation in 2012. The CD-ROM includes the complete MA data file, a codebook, and a cross-walk to assist in merging with other public datasets, such as the Common Core of Data (CCD) and Private School Survey (PSS). A restricted-use license must be obtained before access to the data is granted. Click on the restricted-use license link below for more details.
4/16/2014
NCES 2014056 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 Connecticut Restricted-use Data File
This CD-ROM contains PISA 2012 restricted-use data for Connecticut, including variables unique to U.S. data collection. Connecticut is one of three states to participate separately from the nation in 2012. The CD-ROM includes the complete CT data file, a codebook, and a cross-walk to assist in merging with other public datasets, such as the Common Core of Data (CCD) and Private School Survey (PSS). A restricted-use license must be obtained before access to the data is granted. Click on the restricted-use license link below for more details.
4/16/2014
NCES 2014057 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 Florida Restricted-use Data File
This CD-ROM contains PISA 2012 restricted-use data for Florida, including variables unique to U.S. data collection. Florida is one of three states to participate separately from the nation in 2012. The CD-ROM includes the complete FL data file, a codebook, and a cross-walk to assist in merging with other public datasets, such as the Common Core of Data (CCD) and Private School Survey (PSS). A restricted-use license must be obtained before access to the data is granted. Click on the restricted-use license link below for more details.
4/16/2014
NCES 2013041 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 U.S. restricted-use datafile
This datafile contains school IDs that can be linked to the public-use U.S. TIMSS 2011 datafile to allow for merging with data from the Common Core of Data (CCD) and Private School Universe Survey (PSS). This datafile can only be obtained by those who apply for a restricted-use license through NCES. Information on how to merge the restricted-use datafile with the U.S. TIMSS 2011 public-use datafile is included.

A User Guide to the data is included in the U.S. TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 Technical Report, which is available online separately (publication number 2013046).
12/31/2013
NCES 2014024 Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Mathematics, Science, and Reading Literacy in an International Context-First Look at PISA 2012
First Look at PISA 2012 reports average scale scores and the percentage of 15-year-old students reaching selected proficiency levels, comparing the United States with other participating education systems. Results for the three U.S. states are also reported.
12/3/2013
NCES 2013046 U.S. TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 Technical Report and User's Guide
The U.S. TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 Technical Report and User's Guide provides an overview of the design and implementation in the United States of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 and the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2011, along with information designed to facilitate access to the U.S. TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 data.
11/26/2013
NCES 2013460 U.S. States in a Global Context: Results from the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study

The U.S. States in a Global Context report presents results from the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study in mathematics and science at grade 8 for 52 states (includes the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense schools) and 47 education systems (38 countries and 9 subnational education systems).

Results are reported as average scores on the TIMSS scales (0–1,000 with an average of 500) and percentages of students scoring at or above the TIMSS international benchmarks: Advanced (625), High (550), Intermediate (475), and Low (400). Three linking methods¯statistical moderation, statistical projection, and calibration¯were applied to predict TIMSS results for 43 states that had participated only in NAEP. The three linking methods produced similar results. Of these, the statistical moderation linking method was selected to predict the TIMSS results that are reported for those states. Nine states participated in TIMSS 2011, and their actual TIMSS results are reported (Alabama, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, and North Carolina).

Mathematics
Compared to the TIMSS average, 36 states scored higher, 10 states scored comparably, and 6 states scored lower. Massachusetts scored higher than 42 education systems. Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong SAR, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore scored higher than all 52 U.S. states.

Among the states, Massachusetts had the highest percentage of students scoring at the Advanced level (19 percent) and at or above the High level (57 percent). Among the education systems, Chinese Taipei had the highest percentage of students scoring at the Advanced level (49 percent), while Singapore had the highest percentage at or above the High level (78 percent).

Science
Compared to the TIMSS average, 47 states scored higher, 2 states scored comparably, and 3 states scored lower. Massachusetts and Vermont scored higher than 43 education systems. Singapore scored higher than all 52 U.S. states.

Among the states, Massachusetts had the highest percentage of students scoring at the Advanced level (24 percent) and at or above the High level (61 percent). Among the education systems, Singapore had the highest percentage of students at the Advanced level (40 percent) and at or above the High level (69 percent).

10/24/2013
NCES 2013469 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study: Linking Methodologies and Their Evaluations

The 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking study conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) was designed to predict Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) scores for the U.S. states that participated in 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics and science assessment of eighth-grade students. The purpose of conducting the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking study was two-fold. The study was conducted to see whether it is possible to predict TIMSS scores for the states that did not participate in the TIMSS assessment. Secondly, the study was conducted to identify a method among various methodologies suggested in the literature for linking two assessments that are somewhat different.

This 2011 NAEP-TIMSS linking methodology paper was prepared to supplement the reading of U.S. States in a Global Context: Results From the 2011 NAEP-TIMSS Linking Study, NCES 2013-460.

10/24/2013
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